Catalogue


Slovak Republic [electronic resource] : living standards, employment and labor market study.
imprint
Washington, D.C. : World Bank, c2002.
description
xxxvii, 162 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
ISBN
0821350811
format(s)
Book
More Details
added author
imprint
Washington, D.C. : World Bank, c2002.
isbn
0821350811
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
general note
"This report was prepared by a team led by Ana Revenga and Carlos Silva-Jauregui ... "--P. xi.
catalogue key
9832332
 
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
Summaries
Main Description
"As a transition economy, the Slovak Republic has achieved a high ranking in terms of human development. This does not, however, obscure the fact that many families and individuals of Slovakia live in poverty. While key variables contributing to poverty are readily identified, the lack of education, employment, and data make it difficult to accurately monitor poverty in the Slovak Republic. The intention of this study is to evaluate poverty in the Slovak Republic and its relationship with labor market outcomes. This study makes key policy recommendations to reduce poverty by reducing unemployment while instituting measurement processes to evaluate the impact of reforms. The recommendations to reduce poverty suggest actions in three specific areas. These areas include increasing the demand for labor by continuing efforts to attract private investment; improving the matching of skilled laborers to the market demands through education and training; and transitioning workers away from reliance upon government benefits towards employment."
Main Description
"As a transition economy, the Slovak Republic has achieved a high ranking in terms of human development. This does not, however, obscure the fact that many families and individuals of Slovakia live in poverty. While key variables contributing to poverty are readily identified, the lack of education, employment, and data make it difficult to accurately monitor poverty in the Slovak Republic.The intention of this study is to evaluate poverty in the Slovak Republic and its relationship with labor market outcomes. This study makes key policy recommendations to reduce poverty by reducing unemployment while instituting measurement processes to evaluate the impact of reforms. The recommendations to reduce poverty suggest actions in three specific areas. These areas include increasing the demand for labor by continuing efforts to attract private investment; improving the matching of skilled laborers to the market demands through education and training; and transitioning workers away from reliance upon government benefits towards employment."
Long Description
During its 40-year history, the International Development Association (IDA) has worked to improve global welfare by allocating resources to growth and poverty reduction programs. In 1990, a new framework for IDAA's poverty reduction efforts was created which resulted in significant structural change to its programs. The focus of the programs became one of labor-intensive growth and expanded access to social services and safety nets to improve incomes levels among the poor. Additionally, the IDA agenda was expanded to include gender, the environment and governance as facets of the poverty reduction framework. This report evaluates IDAA's performance from 1994 through 2000 against the three specific replenishment commitments of the period. While finding the performance level only partially satisfactory, the review suggests ways to improve the effectiveness of IDA programs, replenishment process and its ability to match corporate and country priorities.
Long Description
As a transition economy, the Slovak Republic has achieved a high ranking in terms of human development. This does not, however, obscure the fact that many families and individuals of Slovakia live in poverty. While key variables contributing to poverty are readily identified, the lack of education, employment, and data make it difficult to accurately monitor poverty in the Slovak Republic. The intention of this study is to evaluate poverty in the Slovak Republic and its relationship with labor market outcomes. This study makes key policy recommendations to reduce poverty by reducing unemployment while instituting measurement processes to evaluate the impact of reforms. The recommendations to reduce poverty suggest actions in three specific areas. These areas include increasing the demand for labor by continuing efforts to attract private investment; improving the matching of skilled laborers to the market demands through education and training; and transitioning workers away from reliance upon government benefits towards employment.
Table of Contents
Abstract
Acknowledgments
Acronyms and Abbreviations
Executive Summary
Living Standards, Poverty and Inequality
The Challenge of Generating Employment
Unemployment, Incentives and the Social Safety Net
Poverty and the Roma
Regional Disparities
Policy Recommendations
Poverty and Inequality in the Slovak Republicp. 1
Poverty in the Slovak Republicp. 1
Poverty Profilep. 9
The Role of the Safety Netp. 16
Changes in Poverty Between 1992 and 1996p. 18
Inequalityp. 20
Conclusionsp. 22
The Challenge of Generating Employmentp. 25
Rising Unemployment and Inactivityp. 25
Job Reallocation During Transitionp. 29
The Importance of Regional and Skills Mismatchp. 54
Enhancing Employment Creation: Conclusions and Policy Recommendationsp. 59
Unemployment, Skills and Incentives: The Role of the Safety Net Systemp. 69
Introductionp. 69
Overview of the Unemployment Insurance, Social Assistance and Social Supportp. 70
Brief Simulation Analysis of the Disincentives Provided by Unemployment Insurance, Social Assistance, and Social Supportp. 74
Empirical Analysis of Disincentive Effectsp. 78
Main Resultsp. 82
Discussion and Policy Implicationsp. 94
Poverty and Welfare of Roma in the Slovak Republicp. 101
Backgroundp. 101
Poverty in Roma Settlementsp. 104
The Labor Market and Coping Strategiesp. 111
Access to Public Servicesp. 116
Social Exclusionp. 124
Policy Implicationsp. 127
Regional Disparities in the Slovak Republicp. 135
A Country of Wide Disparitiesp. 135
What lies Behind These Differencesp. 138
The Role of Endowmentsp. 140
The Business and Economic Environmentp. 148
Attitudes and Politicsp. 157
Conclusions and Policy Recommendationsp. 159
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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