Catalogue


Geodynamics /
Donald L. Turcotte, Gerald Schubert.
edition
3rd ed.
imprint
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2014.
description
xiii, 623 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
ISBN
0521186234 (paperback), 1107006538 (hardback), 9780521186230, 9781107006539 (hardback)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
Subjects
subject
More Details
imprint
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2014.
isbn
0521186234 (paperback)
1107006538 (hardback)
9780521186230
9781107006539 (hardback)
standard identifier
40023561442
contents note
Machine generated contents note: 1. Plate Tectonics -- In this Chapter -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Lithosphere -- 1.3. Accreting Plate Boundaries -- 1.4. Subduction -- 1.5. Transform Faults -- 1.6. Hotspots and Mantle Plumes -- 1.7. Continents -- 1.8. Paleomagnetism and the Motion of the Plates -- 1.9. Triple Junctions -- 1.10. Wilson Cycle -- 1.11. Continental Collisions -- 1.12. Volcanism and Heat Flow -- 1.13. Seismicity and the State of Stress in the Lithosphere -- 1.14. Driving Mechanism -- 1.15. Comparative Planetology -- 1.16. Moon -- 1.17. Mercury -- 1.18. Mars -- 1.19. Phobos and Deimos -- 1.20. Vesta -- 1.21. Venus -- 1.22. Galilean Satellites -- 1.23. Saturnian Satellites -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 2. Stress and Strain in Solids -- In this Chapter -- 2.1. Introduction -- 2.2. Body Forces and Surface Forces -- 2.3. Stress in Two Dimensions -- 2.4. Stress in Three Dimensions -- 2.5. Pressures in the Deep Interiors of Planets -- 2.6. Stress Measurement -- 2.7. Basic Ideas about Strain -- 2.8. Strain Measurements -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 3. Elasticity and Flexure -- In this Chapter -- 3.1. Introduction -- 3.2. Linear Elasticity -- 3.3. Uniaxial Stress -- 3.4. Uniaxial Strain -- 3.5. Plane Stress -- 3.6. Plane Strain -- 3.7. Pure Shear and Simple Shear -- 3.8. Isotropic Stress -- 3.9. Two-Dimensional Bending or Flexure of Plates -- 3.10. Bending of Plates under Applied Moments and Vertical Loads -- 3.11. Buckling of a Plate under a Horizontal Load -- 3.12. Deformation of Strata Overlying an Igneous Intrusion -- 3.13. Application to the Earth's Lithosphere -- 3.14. Periodic Loading -- 3.15. Stability of the Earth's Lithosphere under an End Load -- 3.16. Bending of the Elastic Lithosphere under the Loads of Island Chains -- 3.17. Bending of the Elastic Lithosphere at an Ocean Trench -- 3.18. Flexure and the Structure of Sedimentary Basins -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 4. Heat Transfer -- In this Chapter -- 4.1. Introduction -- 4.2. Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction -- 4.3. Measuring the Earth's Surface Heat Flux -- 4.4. Earth's Surface Heat Flow -- 4.5. Heat Generation by the Decay of Radioactive Elements -- 4.6. One-Dimensional Steady Heat Conduction with Volumetric Heat Production -- 4.7. Conduction Temperature Profile for the Mantle -- 4.8. Continental Geotherms -- 4.9. Radial Heat Conduction in a Sphere or Spherical Shell -- 4.10. Temperatures in the Moon -- 4.11. Steady Two- and Three-Dimensional Heat Conduction -- 4.12. Subsurface Temperature Due to Periodic Surface Temperature and Topography -- 4.13. One-Dimensional, Time-Dependent Heat Conduction -- 4.14. Periodic Heating of a Semi-Infinite Half-Space: Diurnal and Seasonal Changes in Subsurface Temperature -- 4.15. Instantaneous Heating or Cooling of a Semi-Infinite Half-Space -- 4.16. Cooling of the Oceanic Lithosphere -- 4.17. Plate Cooling Model of the Lithosphere -- 4.18. Stefan Problem -- 4.19. Solidification of a Dike or Sill -- 4.20. Heat Conduction Equation in a Moving Medium: Thermal Effects of Erosion and Sedimentation -- 4.21. One-Dimensional, Unsteady Heat Conduction in an Infinite Region -- 4.22. Thermal Stresses -- 4.23. Ocean Floor Topography -- 4.24. Changes in Sea Level -- 4.25. Thermal and Subsidence History of Sedimentary Basins -- 4.26. Heating or Cooling a Semi-Infinite Half-Space by a Constant Surface Heat Flux -- 4.27. Frictional Heating on Faults: Island Arc Volcanism and Melting on the Surface of the Descending Slab -- 4.28. Mantle Geotherms and Adiabats -- 4.29. Thermal Structure of the Subducted Lithosphere -- 4.30. Culling Model for the Erosion and Deposition of Sediments -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 5. Gravity -- In this Chapter -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. Gravitational Acceleration External to the Rotationally Distorted Earth -- 5.3. Centrifugal Acceleration and the Acceleration of Gravity -- 5.4. Gravitational Potential and the Geoid -- 5.5. Moments of Inertia -- 5.6. Surface Gravity Anomalies -- 5.7. Bouguer Gravity Formula -- 5.8. Reductions of Gravity Data -- 5.9. Compensation -- 5.10. Gravity Field of a Periodic Mass Distribution on a Surface -- 5.11. Compensation Due to Lithospheric Flexure -- 5.12. Isostatic Geoid Anomalies -- 5.13. Compensation Models and Observed Geoid Anomalies -- 5.14. Forces Required to Maintain Topography and the Geoid -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 6. Fluid Mechanics -- In this Chapter -- 6.1. Introduction -- 6.2. One-Dimensional Channel Flows -- 6.3. Asthenospheric Counterflow -- 6.4. Pipe Flow -- 6.5. Artesian Aquifer Flows -- 6.6. Flow Through Volcanic Pipes -- 6.7. Conservation of Fluid in Two Dimensions -- 6.8. Elemental Force Balance in Two Dimensions -- 6.9. Stream Function -- 6.10. Postglacial Rebound -- 6.11. Angle of Subduction -- 6.12. Diapirism -- 6.13. Folding -- 6.14. Stokes Flow -- 6.15. Plume Heads and Tails -- 6.16. Pipe Flow with Heat Addition -- 6.17. Aquifer Model for Hot Springs -- 6.18. Thermal Convection -- 6.19. Linear Stability Analysis for the Onset of Thermal Convection in a Layer of Fluid Heated from Below -- 6.20. Transient Boundary-Layer Theory for Finite-Amplitude Thermal Convection -- 6.21. Steady-State Boundary-Layer Theory for Finite-Amplitude Thermal Convection -- 6.22. Forces that Drive Plate Tectonics -- 6.23. Heating by Viscous Dissipation -- 6.24. Mantle Recycling and Mixing -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 7. Rock Rheology -- In this Chapter -- 7.1. Introduction -- 7.2. Elasticity -- 7.3. Diffusion Creep -- 7.4. Dislocation Creep -- 7.5. Shear Flows of Fluids with Temperature- and Stress-Dependent Rheologies -- 7.6. Mantle Rheology -- 7.7. Rheological Effects on Mantle Convection -- 7.8. Mantle Convection and the Cooling of the Earth -- 7.9. Crustal Rheology -- 7.10. Viscoelasticity -- 7.11. Elastic--Perfectly Plastic Behavior -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 8. Faulting -- In this Chapter -- 8.1. Introduction -- 8.2. Classification of Faults -- 8.3. Friction on Faults -- 8.4. Anderson Theory of Faulting -- 8.5. Strength Envelope -- 8.6. Thrust Sheets and Gravity Sliding -- 8.7. Earthquakes -- 8.8. San Andreas Fault -- 8.9. North Anatolian Fault -- 8.10. Some Elastic Solutions for Strike-Slip Faulting -- 8.11. Stress Diffusion -- 8.12. Thermally Activated Creep on Faults -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 9. Flows in Porous Media -- In this Chapter -- 9.1. Introduction -- 9.2. Darcy's Law -- 9.3. Permeability Models -- 9.4. Flow in Confined Aquifers -- 9.5. Flow in Unconfined Aquifers -- 9.6. Geometrical Form of Volcanoes -- 9.7. Equations of Conservation of Mass, Momentum, and Energy for Flow in Porous Media -- 9.8. One-Dimensional Advection of Heat in a Porous Medium -- 9.9. Thermal Convection in a Porous Layer -- 9.10. Thermal Plumes in Fluid-Saturated Porous Media -- 9.11. Porous Flow Model for Magma Migration -- 9.12. Two-Phase Convection -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 10. Chemical Geodynamics -- In this Chapter -- 10.1. Introduction -- 10.2. Radioactivity and Geochronology -- 10.3. Geochemical Reservoirs -- 10.4. Two-Reservoir Model with Instantaneous Crustal Differentiation -- 10.5. Noble Gas Systems -- 10.6. Isotope Systematics of OIB -- Summary -- Further Reading -- 11. Numerical Tools -- In this Chapter -- 11.1. Introduction -- 11.2. Getting Started with MATLAB -- 11.3. Integration of Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction, an Initial Value Problem -- 11.4. Integration of the Equation for One-Dimensional Steady Heat Conduction with Volumetric Heat Production, a Boundary Value Problem -- 11.5. Integration of the Equation for Two-Dimensional Steady Heat Conduction -- 11.6. Integration of the Equation for One-Dimensional Time-Dependent Heat Conduction -- Summary -- 12. Geophysical Applications of Computational Modeling -- In this Chapter -- 12.1. Bending of the Lithosphere under a Triangular Load -- 12.2. Bending of the Elastic Lithosphere under Axisymmetric Loads -- 12.3. MATLAB Evaluation of Temperature and Surface Heat Flow for the Plate Model of the Cooling Oceanic Lithosphere -- 12.4. MATLAB Evaluation of Seafloor Depth for the Plate Model of the Cooling Oceanic Lithosphere -- 12.5. Cooling of a Solidified Dike -- 12.6. Gravity Anomaly above a Rectangular Prism -- 12.7. Free-air Gravity Anomaly of Arbitrary Topography -- 12.8. Postglacial Rebound and Crater Relaxation: Axisymmetric Geometry -- 12.9. Numerical Solution for Steady, Two-Dimensional, Finite-Amplitude Thermal Convection -- 12.10. Surface Velocity for Strike-Slip Faulting -- 12.11. Additional Solutions for Strike-Slip Faulting -- 12.12. Faulting on Cracks of Arbitrary Size and Orientation -- Summary.
catalogue key
9533183
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.

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