Catalogue


The changing HIV/AIDS landscape [electronic resource] : selected papers for the World Bank's agenda for action in Africa, 2007-2011 /
editors, Elizabeth L. Lule, Richard M. Seifman, Antonio C. David.
imprint
Washington, DC : World Bank, c2009.
description
xix, 474 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0821376519 (alk. paper), 9780821376515 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
More Details
added author
imprint
Washington, DC : World Bank, c2009.
isbn
0821376519 (alk. paper)
9780821376515 (alk. paper)
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
contents note
HIV epidemiology : recent trends and lessons / David Wilson and Shilpa Challa -- The evolution of HIV/AIDS programs : recent and ongoing developments in selected areas / Albertus Voetberg -- Links between HIV/AIDS and development / Jorge Sava Abache -- Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa / Kathleen Beegle and Damien de Walque --
HIV/AIDS and social capital in a cross-section of countries / Antonio C. David -- Fiscal space and sustainability of HIV/AIDS programs in Sub-Saharan Africa / Antonio C. David -- The financial architecture of the response to the HIV epidemic : challenges and sustainability issues / René Bonnel -- Impact of and response to HIV/AIDS : public policy challenges / Markus Haacker -- Gender and HIV/AIDS / Waafas Ofusu-Amaah, Nilufar Egamberdi, and Arunima Dhar --
The private sector and HIV/AIDS in Africa : recent developments and implications for policy / Frank G. Feeley III, Sydney Rosen, and Patrick J. Connelly -- Community initiatives and HIV/AIDS / Elizabeth Ninan and Jean J. Delion -- HIV/AIDS and human resources for health / Christopher H. Herbt, Agnes Soucat, and Kate Tulenko -- Linkages between HIV/AIDS, sexual and reproductive health, tuberculosis, and nutrition / Elizabeth L. Lule ... [et al.] -- Strengthening health systems : the role of supply chains in addressing the HIV epidemic / Sangeeta Raja and James Bates -- The potential impact of HIV/AIDS interventions on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa : a simulation exercise for the World Bank / Lori Bollinger and John Stover.
catalogue key
9391735
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
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This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, August 2009
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Summaries
Main Description
HIV/AIDS reverses life expectancy gains, erodes productivity, consumes savings and dilutes growth efforts, threatening the realization of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Africa.The report is the result of an extensive analytical and consultative process begun in 2006, that engaged more than 1,000 people from over 30 countries and many institutions mostly in Africa, as well as UN agencies, multilateral and bilateral donors, and foundations. The report reaffirms the Bank's commitment to combating HIV/AIDS in Africa, moving from its initial emergency response to the next phase, including the goal to provide at least US $250 million annually and to create an Africa HIV/AIDS Incentive Fund to enhance the evidence base, promote the multisectoral response and provide technical support, analysis and policy advice to countries.
Bowker Data Service Summary
HIV/AIDS is an enormous economic, social and human challenge to sub-Saharan Africa. This collection of papers covers a range of issues involved, from epidemiology and national health systems to economic policy and technology. The book also assesses their interplay and implications for the future.
Bowker Data Service Summary
HIV/AIDS is an enormous economic, social and human challenge to sub-Saharan Africa. This collection of papers covers a range of issues involved, from epidemiology and national health systems to economic policy and technology.
Main Description
The World Bank began emergency operations in Sub-Saharan Africa for HIV/AIDS in 2000, committing more than $1.6 billion in resources over the next eight years. By 2006 it became clear to Bank leadership that much had changed in the global response to HIV/AIDS, that countries and partners had entered a new phase, and that the Bank needed to rethink its approach and adjust to the new environment on the ground, which included technological and financial changes. A new approach was formulated and published in 2008 as The World Bank's Commitment to HIV/AIDS in Africa: Our Agenda for Action, 2007-2011. The Agenda for Action was based on an extensive consultative and analytical process, which produced a wide range of background analytical papers, many of which are collected in this volume.
Main Description
The World Bank began emergency operations in Sub-Saharan Africa for HIV/AIDS in 2000, committing more than $1.6 billion in resources over the next eight years. By 2006 it became clear to Bank leadership that much had changed in the global response to HIV/AIDS, that countries and partners had entered a new phase, and that the Bank needed to rethink its approach and adjust to the new environment on the ground, which included technological and financial changes. A new approach was formulated and published in 2008 as The World Bank's Commitment to HIV/AIDS in Africa: Our Agenda for Action, 2007-2011. The Agenda for Action was based on an extensive consultative and analytical process, which produced a wide range of background analytical papers, many of which are collected in this volume. In The Changing HIV/AIDS Landscape: Selected Papers for the World Bank's Agenda for Action in Africa, 2007-2011, World Bank specialists and other experts analyse aspects of the HIV challenge. Topics covered include better understanding of the epidemiological realities based on more reliable estimates and methodology; promising ways to address prevention, treatment, monitoring, and evaluation; analysis of theoretical and empirical links between HIV/AIDS and economic development; considerations of financial sustainability and economic policy; roles of the private sector and communities; and health systems aspects, including human resources for health, the links among HIV/AIDS and sexual and reproductive health, tuberculosis, and nutrition, and the importance of supply chain management. A simulation model of likely impact and effectiveness of various responses extending to 2011 completes the presentations. The Changing HIV/AIDS Landscape is designed to contribute to the knowledge base of policy makers, program managers, researchers, stakeholders, and practitioners engaged in combating HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Main Description
HIV/AIDS is an enormous economic, social and human challenge to sub-Saharan Africa. This collection of papers covers the full range of issues involved, from epidemiology and national health systems, to economic policy and technology, assessing their interplay and implications for the future.
Table of Contents
Contributorsp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvi
Abbreviationsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Epidemiology and Technologyp. 7
HIV Epidemiology: Recent Trends and Lessonsp. 9
Improved Surveillancep. 9
From Epidemiology to Interventions: What Is Working?p. 18
Conclusionsp. 23
Referencesp. 27
The Evolution of HIV/AIDS Programs: Recent and Ongoing Developments in Selected Areasp. 29
Preventionp. 30
Treatmentp. 45
Monitoring and Evaluationp. 49
Summary of Implicationsp. 52
Referencesp. 54
Economic Aspects and Economic Policy Issuesp. 61
Links between HIV/AIDS and Developmentp. 63
How May HIV/AIDS Affect Development? Main Theoretical Channelsp. 66
Empirical Evidencep. 69
Concluding Remarksp. 76
Notesp. 77
Referencesp. 77
Demographic and Socioeconomic Patterns of HIV/AIDS Prevalence in Africap. 81
Methodological Issuesp. 82
(Un)Established Links between Socioeconomic Status and HIVp. 88
Conclusionp. 98
Notesp. 100
Referencesp. 101
HIV/AIDS and Social Capital in a Cross-Section of Countriesp. 105
Links between Social Capital and Developmentp. 106
Social Capital and HIV/AIDSp. 107
The Empirical Modelp. 109
Conclusionp. 117
Notesp. 121
Referencesp. 121
Fiscal Space and the Sustainability of HIV/AIDS Programs in Sub-Saharan Africap. 123
Financing HIV/AIDS Expenditures and the Challenges of Scaling Up Aidp. 124
Fiscal Space, Sustainability, and HIV/AIDS Programsp. 128
Country Case Studiesp. 132
Conclusionp. 155
Notesp. 156
Referencesp. 157
Policy Challengesp. 159
The Financial Architecture of the Response to the HIV Epidemic: Challenges and Sustainability Issuesp. 161
Summaryp. 161
The Response to HIV and the Mobilization of Resourcesp. 164
The Proliferation of Global Programsp. 176
The Way Forwardp. 190
Notesp. 192
Referencesp. 193
Impact of and Response to HIV/AIDS: Public Policy Challengesp. 197
Overview of the Global AIDS Epidemicp. 198
Effect of HIV/AIDS and the Government's Capacitiesp. 202
Scaling Up the Response to HIV/AIDSp. 210
Conclusionsp. 220
Notesp. 222
Referencesp. 223
Gender and HIV/AIDSp. 227
Gender-Based Vulnerability to HIV/AIDSp. 228
Institutional Responses, Strategies, and Actionsp. 239
Good Practices and Promising Approachesp. 240
Conceptual and Institutional Challenges for Gender Mainstreamingp. 245
Looking Ahead: A Poverty-Focused Strategic Approachp. 248
Notesp. 260
Referencesp. 260
The Private Sector and HIV/AIDS in Africa: Recent Developments and Implications for Policyp. 267
Impact on and Response to HIV by Employersp. 269
Lessons for Policyp. 284
Notesp. 291
Referencesp. 291
Community Initiatives and HIV/AIDSp. 295
What Are Community Initiatives?p. 297
HIV/AIDS Services Provided at the Community Levelp. 299
Benefits and Characteristics of Community Initiativesp. 301
Challenges and Constraints in Scaling Up Community Initiativesp. 304
Recommendations for External Funding Agenciesp. 315
Notep. 317
Referencesp. 317
Strengthening National Health Systemsp. 321
HIV/AIDS and Human Resources for Healthp. 323
Demand for Health Workers in Sub-Saharan Africap. 324
Supply and Performance of Health Workers in Sub-Saharan Africap. 327
Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Health Worker Shortage in Africap. 331
Reducing the Demand for and Increasing the Supply of Health Workersp. 347
Need for Supportive and Enabling Fiscal and Political Environmentsp. 356
Conclusionp. 359
Notesp. 360
Referencesp. 361
Linkages between HIV/AIDS, Sexual and Reproductive Health, Tuberculosis, and Nutritionp. 369
Linking Sexual Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Programsp. 371
Linking Tuberculosis and HIV Programsp. 382
Linking Nutrition and HIV/AIDS Programsp. 395
Conclusionp. 403
Notesp. 404
Referencesp. 404
Strengthening Health Systems: The Role of Supply Chains in Addressing the HIV Epidemicp. 411
Characteristics of HIV and Public Health Supply Chainsp. 413
Problems with Healthcare Supply Chain Systemsp. 415
Review of the Approaches of Addressing Supply Chainsp. 418
Framework for Planning a Comprehensive Improvement in Supply Chainsp. 422
Conclusionp. 424
Notesp. 425
Referencesp. 425
Futurep. 427
The Potential Impact of HIV/AIDS Interventions on the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Africa: A Simulation Exercise for the World Bankp. 429
Current Status of the HIV/AIDS Epidemicp. 430
Description of Scenariosp. 431
Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 448
Notesp. 449
Referencesp. 450
Indexp. 453
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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