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'As their natural resources fail' [electronic resource] : native peoples and the economic history of northern Manitoba, 1870-1930 /
Frank Tough.
Vancouver, BC : UBC Press, c1996.
xvi, 376 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
More Details
Vancouver, BC : UBC Press, c1996.
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
general note
Revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--York University.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. [334]-363) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1996-12-01:
Successfully arguing that native peoples were relevant to the Canadian economy after the fur-trade era, Tough's scholarly work articulates the role they continued to play in the face of ever-increasing influence from a variety of external forces. In terms of documentation, this study concerns the fur trade, especially subsistence and commercial dynamics, transportation, and spatial changes. Tough also treats the demise of aboriginal title, examining relationships between native peoples and the state, settlement patterns, scrip coupons, and subsidies. He also considers the importance of new resource industries, where the matter of labor receives attention. At another level, Tough asserts less successfully that economic history needs to be brought back into the work of ethnohistorians. He strains to make this work a case study in how current interests in native history cannot readily accomadate economic history. This detracts from his otherwise vibrant explanation and analysis of the considerable role northern Manitoba peoples played in shaping their own destiny. Based on rich primary sources, hitherto unused, Tough's study invites the examination of serious students of native studies and dependency theory. Graduate, faculty. B. M. Gough Wilfrid Laurier University
Review Quotes
A vibrant explanation and analysis of the considerable role northern Manitoba peoples played in shaping their own destiny. Based on rich primary sources, hitherto untouched, Tough#146;s study invites the examination of serious students of native studies and dependency theory.-- B. M. Gough, Choice... uncovers some of the misconceptions within current anthropological, sociological and historical writing pertaining to Aboriginal peoples in subarctic North America. His meticulous research and attention to archival documents provides new insights into the ways in which international financial capitalism and paternalistic government policies impacted on the Aboriginal peoples of North America ... a harsh but realistic look at the alienation of Aboriginal peoples from their lands and resources.... richly illustrated .... a fascinating book .... He has achieved a level of analysis and comprehension of international market forces and Indian Department politics that is unparalleled in the literature. His book should be required reading for anyone interested in the history of Aboriginal peoples in the 19th and 20th centuries.-- SSHARE / ERASSHIn As Their Natural Resources Fail,historical geographer Frank Tough has mounted a powerful argument for bringing economic history back into the analysis of Native peoples' experience. ... his analysis is founded on a rich and diverse theoretical literature; and his persuasive exposition and argument are buttressed with a large number of maps, tables, charts, and pictorial illustrations. ... his arguments demand attention and respect. As Their Natural Resources Fail is an impressive work that no postsecondary institution that takes Native history seriously will fail to include in its library.-- J.R. Miller, Canadian Book Review Annual
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, December 1996
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Main Description
In conventional histories of the Canadian prairies, Native people disappear from view after the Riel Rebellions. In this groundbreaking study, Frank Tough examines the role of Native peoples, both Indian and Metis, in the economy of northern Manitoba from Treaty 1 to the Depression. He argues that they did not become economically obsolete but rather played an important role in the transitional era between the mercantile fur trade and the emerging industrial economy of the mid-twentieth century.
Table of Contents
Forewordp. xii
Acknowledgmentsp. xiv
Introductionp. 2
'To Look for Food Instead of Fur': Local Economies -- Indian Bands and Company Postsp. 14
'The Only Remedy is the Employment of Steam': Reorganizing the Regional Systemp. 44
'Dependent on the Company's Provisions for Subsistence': The Decline of Kihchiwaskahikanihk (York Factory)p. 63
'To Be Shut Up on a Small Reserve': Geographical and Economic Aspects of Indian Treatiesp. 75
'Lands Are Getting Poor in Hunting': Treaty Adhesions in Northern Manitobap. 99
'Terms and Conditions as May Be Deemed Expedient': Metis Aboriginal Titlep. 114
'Go and Pitch His Camp': Native Settlement Patterns and Indian Agriculturep. 143
'Nothing to Make Up for the Great Loss of Winter Food': Resource Conflicts over Common-Property Fisheriesp. 174
'A Great Future Awaits This Section of Northern Manitoba': Economic Boom and Native Labourp. 187
'They Make a Comfortable Living': Economic Change and Incomesp. 199
'Wait Until Advancing Civilization has So Interfered with Their Natural Resources': Surplus Labour, Migrations, and Stagnationp. 219
'The Fish and Waters Should Be Ours': The Demise of Native Fisheries -- Regulation and Capitalizationp. 234
'Civilizing the Wilderness Will Affect Us': The Demise of the Hudson's Bay Company and the Re-Emergence of Competitionp. 249
'And Now That the Country Has Gone Mining Crazy': Industrial Capital, Native People, and the Regional Economyp. 283
Conclusion A Foreword to a New Economic Future?p. 299
Fur Trade Productivity and Prices: Stagnation and Revivalp. 310
Summary of Treaty Terms (Written Version)p. 318
Some Land Scrip Intricaciesp. 321
Notesp. 334
Indexp. 364
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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