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Immigrant status, early skill development, and postsecondary participation [electronic resource] : a comparison of Canada and Switzerland /
by Garnett Picot and Feng Hou.
Ottawa, Ont. : Statistics Canada, Social Analysis Division, 2012
1 electronic text (48 p.) : digital file.
9781100210230 (electronic bk.)
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Ottawa, Ont. : Statistics Canada, Social Analysis Division, 2012
9781100210230 (electronic bk.)
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
contents note
Abstract -- Executive summary -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Literature review -- 3. Differences in the immigration and education systems of Canada and Switzerland -- 4. Data and methods -- 4.1 Data -- 4.2 Methods -- 4.3 Defining low and high performers in secondary school -- 4.4 Characteristics of students with and without immigrant backgrounds -- 5. Results -- 5.1 PISA scores for Canada and Switzerland -- 5.2 All students: Likelihood of pursuing tertiary-level education -- 5.2.1 Differences by generation -- 5.2.2 Differences in outcomes by source region background -- 5.3 Results for low performers -- 5.3.1 Differences by generation -- 5.3.2 Differences by source region: Low performers -- 5.4 What differentiates low performers who pursue postsecondary education from those who do not? -- 6. Conclusion -- 7. Appendix -- References.
general note
"July 2012."
Issued as part of the Canadian Electronic Library, Documents collection, and Canadian public policy collection.
This paper examines differences in postsecondary-participation rates between students with and without immigrant backgrounds in Switzerland and Canada. For both countries, a rich set of longitudinal data, including family background, family aspirations regarding postsecondary education, and students' secondary-school performance as measured by Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) scores, are used to explain these differences. Two groups are analyzed: all 15-year-old students; and all low-performing 15-year-old secondary-school students. The results suggest that the gap in postsecondary participation between students with and without immigrant backgrounds, and its determinants, differs significantly between the two countries. This gap also differs significantly by students' source region background. In Canada, students with immigrant backgrounds who are low performers in secondary school have surprisingly high rates of postsecondary participation, particularly if they have an Asian background. In Switzerland, postsecondary participation among low performers in secondary school is much lower, whether they have an immigrant background or not. Possible reasons for these inter-country differences are discussed, including differences in the immigration and education systems as well as differences in the distribution of immigrants by source region.
catalogue key
technical details
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 46-48).

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