Historical agriculture and soil erosion in the upper Mississippi Valley hill country /
Stanley W. Trimble.
Boca Raton : CRC Press, c2013.
xlviii, 242 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.
1466555742 (hardcover : alk. paper), 9781466555747 (hardcover : alk. paper)
More Details
Boca Raton : CRC Press, c2013.
1466555742 (hardcover : alk. paper)
9781466555747 (hardcover : alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 211-220) and index.
A Look Inside
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, February 2013
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Bowker Data Service Summary
This title presents a detailed study of the human impact, both bad and good, on the hydrology and hydrography (and, in turn, on human activity) of a large region of the United States.
Main Description
This book presents a detailed study of the human impact, both bad and good, on the hydrology and hydrography (and, in turn, on human activity) of a large region of the United States. It begins with a reconstruction of the primeval natural landscape with emphasis on landforms, streams, soils, and vegetation. It then shows how the land was taken up by Europeans who developed the landscape for agriculture using farming methods of the period. It analyzes the modes of agriculture, showing that available farming methods were inadequate to prevent severe impacts. The text introduces stages, basic principles of hydrology, geomorphology, soil conservation, and watershed management using real-world examples.
Main Description
"This thought-provoking book demonstrates how processes of landscape transformation, usually illustrated only in simplified or idealized form, play out over time in real, complex landscapes. Trimble illustrates how a simple landscape disturbance, generated in this case by agriculture, can spread an astonishing variety of altered hydrologic and sedimentation processes throughout a drainage basin. The changes have spatial and temporal patterns forced on them by the distinctive topographic structure of drainage basins. "Through painstaking field surveys, comparative photographic records, careful dating, a skillful eye for subtle landscape features, and a geographer's interdisciplinary understanding of landscape processes, the author leads the reader through the arc of an instructive and encouraging story. Farmers-whose unfamiliarity with new environmental conditions led initially to landscape destruction, impoverishment, and instability-eventually adapted their land use and settlement practices and, supported by government institutions, recovered and enriched the same working landscape. "For the natural scientist, Historical Agriculture and Soil Erosion in the Upper Mississippi Valley Hill Country illustrates how an initially simple alteration of land cover can set off a train of unanticipated changes to runoff, erosion, and sedimentation processes that spread through a landscape over decades-impoverishing downstream landscapes and communities. Distinct zones of the landscape respond differently and in sequence. The effects take a surprisingly long time to spread through a landscape because sediment moves short distances during storms and can persist for decades or centuries in relatively stable forms where it resists further movement because of consolidation, plant reinforcement, and low gradients. "For the social scientist, the book raises questions of whether and how people can be alerted early to their potential for environmental disturbance, but also for learning and adopting restorative practices. Trimble's commitment to all aspects of this problem should energize both groups." -Professor Thomas Dunne, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, UC Santa Barbara
Table of Contents
Figuresp. xi
Forewordp. xxix
Prefacep. xxxi
Biographyp. xxxix
Acknowledgmentsp. xli
Introductionp. xliii
The physical region and primeval landscapep. 1
Physiographyp. 5
Climatep. 8
Vegetation and soilsp. 14
Streamsp. 19
Conclusionp. 22
European settlement and changes of land usep. 23
Early settlementp. 24
Overview of historical agriculture in the regionp. 26
Historical crops and other agricultural land usep. 33
Cropsp. 33
Grazing and animal husbandryp. 37
Land use management from the time of settlement to the 1930sp. 41
A revolution in agricultural land managementp. 44
Conservation agenciesp. 47
The continuing soil conservation revolutionp. 51
A composite of erosive land use over the historical periodp. 52
The systematic effects of historical agriculture on the physical landscapep. 55
The role of modified hydrology (in particular, the role of rills and gullies)p. 55
Increasing hydrologic change and soil erosion in the Hill Countryp. 57
Effects of soil conservation on the physical landscapep. 65
Sediment budgets over the historical periodp. 68
Zones of physical processes within stream basins of the Hill Countryp. 70
Tributariesp. 70
Upper main valley (UMV)p. 74
Lower main valley (LMV)p. 75
Stream erosion of high terraces and high banksp. 80
Upland gully erosion and its effectsp. 85
Hillside gullies and their fansp. 86
The Appleby farmp. 86
The Zihk farmp. 86
High terrace gullies and their fansp. 98
The Buffalo and Black River terracesp. 98
Proksch Couleep. 98
Ratz gullyp. 105
The Peterson eventp. 105
The tributaries: Zone of early, complex changes of process and formp. 109
Villagesp. 109
Fairwater, Minnesotap. 109
Similar villagesp. 112
Other locations and functionsp. 113
Farms and farmsteadsp. 113
Roads, railroads, bridges, and communication linesp. 118
Mills, reservoirs, and water powerp. 122
Fish habitatp. 125
The upper main valleys: Zone of later complex changes of process and formp. 129
Villagesp. 129
Elba, Minnesotap. 129
Coon Valley, Wisconsinp. 131
Freeburg, Minnesotap. 134
Farms and farmsteadsp. 135
The lower main valleys: Zone of perennial sedimentationp. 141
Villages and townsp. 141
Chaseburg, Wisconsinp. 142
Beaver and Whitewater Falls, Minnesotap. 147
Soldiers Grove and Gays Mills, Wisconsinp. 149
Galena, Illinois and Potosi, Wisconsinp. 151
Elkport and Garber, Iowap. 153
Village Creek, Iowap. 157
Ion, Iowap. 157
Rushford, Minnesotap. 160
Arcadia, Wisconsinp. 161
Farms and farmsteads of the LMVp. 162
Roads, bridges, and communication linesp. 169
Mills and reservoirsp. 175
The great flood of August 2007 and its implicationsp. 177
The stormp. 177
Mass movementsp. 179
Upland slopesp. 181
Gulliesp. 182
Tributariesp. 186
Upper main valleyp. 188
Lower main valleyp. 188
Sediment yield or effluxp. 195
Conclusionsp. 197
Conclusionsp. 207
Referencesp. 211
Glossaryp. 221
Appendix: Unit Conversion Factorsp. 233
Indexp. 237
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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