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Empowering women in work in developing countries /
Maarten van Klaveren and Kea Tijdens.
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York, NY : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
xiii, 193 p.
0230369359 (hbk.), 9780230369351 (hbk.)
More Details
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Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York, NY : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
0230369359 (hbk.)
9780230369351 (hbk.)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 168-187) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2013-08-01:
From June 2008 to December 2011, the Decisions for Life project was devoted to empowering young working women aged 15-29 in 14 developing countries. Sponsored in large part by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the project "aimed to raise awareness amongst young women about their employment opportunities and career possibilities, about family building and about work-family balance--in short, it aimed to empower young women and show them that they have choices in life." Decisions for Life (DFL) concentrated on young females in the service sector and with the help of national trade unions launched informational websites, training sessions, and on-the-street campaigns. Whether DFL was successful in increasing young women's union participation (especially in leadership positions) and reducing workplace gender discrimination is unclear. Certainly in at least one case, a (South African) woman was fired for attempting to organize her coworkers along DFL lines. The book's strength does not lie in its descriptions of success, which for the most part are conspicuous by their absence. Rather, the detailed expositions of gendered wage disparities, discrimination, harassment, sexually based violence, racial inequalities, noncompliance with existing minimum wage laws, and other continuing (and often increasing) obstacles to young women's progress are fascinating and disturbing in the extreme. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels/libraries. A. H. Koblitz Arizona State University
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, August 2013
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Bowker Data Service Summary
This text presents the outcomes of a major 14-country project aimed at empowering girls and young women. It provides a discussion of their choices in life, comparing factors such as family background, health, education, employment opportunities and the use of and access to the internet.
Description for Bookstore
Suggests ways of empowering girls and young women working in developing countries and links this to their choices in life
Long Description
The authors of this volume present the outcomes of a major project aimed at empowering girls and young women in 14 developing countries. They discuss the young women's choices in life, set against the backdrop of family building, health, education, employment opportunities and the use of the Internet. They also compare the available statistics with the reality for these girls and young women. In doing so, this book displays two unique features. Firstly, in covering employment, wages and job quality, the authors apply an industry-based approach. Secondly, based on the individuals' own experiences, the book assesses the perspectives the Internet and social media platforms can open for the empowerment of women in developing countries.
Table of Contents
List of Tablesp. viii
List of Figuresp. ix
List of Boxesp. x
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Introducing the Decisions for Life projectp. 1
Impact of the Decisions for Life projectp. 3
The target groupp. 4
The MDGs and empowermentp. 6
Discovering the target groupp. 7
The WageIndicator project: labour market transparencyp. 8
Characteristics of the 14 countriesp. 11
Human development and inequalitiesp. 14
The 14 countries in the 2000sp. 16
Outline of this bookp. 21
Demography, Health and Inequality: Basic Perspectives in the Life of Young Womenp. 23
Introductionp. 23
Fertilityp. 24
Life expectancyp. 27
Girls and boys: the statisticsp. 29
Female feticidep. 30
Child mortalityp. 31
The pressure on girlsp. 33
The adolescent fertility ratep. 34
Early marriage and early motherhoodp. 35
Health risks of early motherhoodp. 38
The HIV/AIDS pandemicp. 40
HIV/AIDS in the 14 countriesp. 41
Effects of HIV/AIDS on growth and progressp. 44
Prevention of HIV/AIDS in South Africap. 45
Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV)p. 46
Orphanhoodp. 50
Mobility out of poverty?p. 52
Education and Skills of Young Womenp. 55
Introduction: the MDG2 + 3 goalsp. 55
The importance of educationp. 56
Literacyp. 56
Inequalities in educationp. 58
Primary education: enrolmentp. 59
Primary education: country overviewp. 61
Secondary education: enrolmentp. 64
Secondary education: country overviewp. 66
Vocational trainingp. 68
Tertiary educationp. 71
Female skill levelsp. 74
Employment of Young Womenp. 77
Introductionp. 77
Labour force participationp. 77
Absorption and allocationp. 79
Formal and informal employmentp. 81
Unemployment and underemploymentp. 84
Child labourp. 85
Migrationp. 87
The distribution of women workers over industriesp. 89
The female share in industriesp. 92
The distribution of women workers over occupationsp. 94
The female share in occupationsp. 96
The eight targeted occupationsp. 98
Wages and Working Conditions of Young Womenp. 101
Introductionp. 101
Wages: industry rankingsp. 101
Wages: the gender pay gapp. 103
Job qualityp. 105
Working hoursp. 107
Workplace sexual harassment and violencep. 108
Combining work and family life: a legal framework for young womenp. 110
Compliance, a major problemp. 113
An Industry Outlookp. 116
Introductionp. 116
Industries: agriculturep. 117
Industries: manufacturingp. 119
Industries: servicesp. 121
Governance, Labour Relations, Union Organization - and the Internetp. 129
Introductionp. 129
The (re)regulation debatep. 129
Empowering women: activitiesp. 130
Women's rightsp. 133
Union organizationp. 135
Decisions for Life and the position of women in unionsp. 137
Communication, new media, social mediap. 140
Print media, TV and radiop. 141
Mobile phonesp. 141
Mobile phones and the gender gapp. 144
Mobile internet and broadbandp. 145
Internet usep. 146
Girls and women on the internetp. 151
Perspectives for Using the Internet on Behalf of Girls and Young Women: The Case of the Statutory Minimum Wagep. 155
Introductionp. 155
Minimum wagesp. 155
The level of minimum wagesp. 157
Employment effectsp. 159
Effects on income distributionp. 161
Enforcement of the minimum wage and the role of the WageIndicatorp. 165
Referencesp. 168
Indexp. 189
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