Catalogue


100 Americans making constitutional history [electronic resource] : a biographical history /
edited by Melvin I. Urofsky.
imprint
Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2004.
description
xxii, 295 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.
ISBN
1568027990 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
More Details
added author
imprint
Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2004.
isbn
1568027990 (alk. paper)
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
8426016
 
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2004-11-01:
According to Urofsky, a human being stands at the center of every US Supreme Court decision, and he promises to show readers 100 of them. To fulfill this promise, he has gathered an impressive array of scholars (including himself) in such disciplines as law, history, and political science whose contributions--signed articles of two to three pages--constitute the body of the work. Each article includes the litigant's name, the constitutional issue, a relevant quotation, the name of the case, the United States Reports case citation, and the litigant's profile. The articles are informative and accessible, and breathe life into legal abstractions; perhaps most impressive are the profiles of litigants like Clarence Gideon and Ernesto Miranda, criminals who preyed on society but whose cases guaranteed important rights for all Americans. Appendixes include a copy of the US Constitution, a brief tabular sketch of the Court's history, case summaries, thumbnail biographical sketches of the justices, instructions in reading case citations, and online sources of Court decisions. Tony Mauro's Illustrated Great Decisions of the Supreme Court (CH, Jan'01) covers similar ground, even featuring similar appendixes, but emphasizes cases rather than individuals. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Academic and public libraries. M. C. Duhig Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, November 2004
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Summaries
Main Description
100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important ideaùthe equal protection of the lawùat its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective ôstoriesö about the individualsùheroes and scoundrelsùwho fought their way to constitutional history.''''100 Americans Making Constitutional History helps students understand the human side of the Supreme CourtÆs decisions from the early republic to the present. Each biographical profile, written by a constitutional scholar or legal analyst, includes a discussion about the Court decision and how the specific legal issues evolved into great constitutional questions and drama. It puts a face and history to major cases by reminding the reader that there are people behind them, seeking vindication of their individual liberties and civil rights. ''''Each profile includes a brief bibliography for further research. Excellent for undergraduate students studying American government, American history, Constitutional Law and journalism. ''''Sample List of Litigants''''Larry Flynt û Hustler Magazine, Inc. v. Falwell (1988)''Elmer Gertz û Gertz v. Robert Welch, Inc. (1974)''Demetrio Rodriguez û Rodriguez v. San Antonio Independent School District (1973)''Curt Flood û Flood v. Kuhn (1972)''Estelle Griswold û Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)''Linda Brown û Brown v. Board of Education (1954)''Gordon Hirabayashi û Hirabayashi v. United states (1943)''Eugene Debs û Debs v. United states (1919)''William Marbury û Marbury v. Madison (1803)''''
Unpaid Annotation
100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the social and political content behind landmark Court decisions. For example, while a case like Brown v. Board of Education is about an important idea--the equal protection of the law--at its heart it is the story of a little girl, Linda Brown, who wanted to go to a decent school near her home. The outcome is accessible and objective "stories" about the individuals--heroes and scoundrels--who fought their way to constitutional history. 100 American Making Constitutional History helps students understand the human side of the Supreme Court's decisions from the early republic to the present. Each biographical profile, written by a constitutional scholar or legal analyst, includes a discussion about the Court decision and how the specific legal issues evolved into great constitutional questions and drama. It puts a face and history to major cases by reminding the reader that there are people behind them, seeking vindication of their individual liberties and civil rights.
Unpaid Annotation
100 Americans Making Constitutional History: A Biographical History presents 100 profiles of the key people behind some of the most important U.S. Supreme Court cases. Edited by Melvin I. Urofsky, a respected constitutional historian, each 2,000-word profile delves into the key litigants and the social and political context behind landmark Court decisions.
Table of Contents
Jacob Abrams : free speechp. 1
Allan Paul Bakke : the problem of affirmative actionp. 3
Daisy Bates : the fight for civil rights in Arkansasp. 5
Robert Mack Bell : a civil rights success storyp. 7
Berea College : the education of African Americansp. 9
William Bingham : the fruits of enterprisep. 12
Sherman Booth : the fight against slaveryp. 14
Elias C. Boudinot : Cherokee tobacco enterprisesp. 16
Myra Bradwell : women in the legal professionp. 18
Harry Bridges : free speech and union rightsp. 20
Linda Brown : the fight for educational equalityp. 22
Porter L. Brown : the farmer who stood up to the statep. 24
Carrie Buck : the eugenics movement in Americap. 27
Drew Caminetti and Maury Diggs : love and the Mann actp. 29
Jagdish Chadha : tortuous path to citizenshipp. 32
Walter Chaplinsky : the freedom to proselytizep. 34
Joseph Cinque : the thirty "Amistads"p. 36
Nancy Cruzan : the right to diep. 38
James Dale : his ousting from the Boy Scoutsp. 40
Eugene Debs : homegrown radicalismp. 42
Eugene Dennis : the Red scare and the American Communist Party conspiracyp. 44
Joshua DeShaney : the limits of the lawp. 46
Steven Engel and Lawrence Roth : school prayerp. 48
Susan Epperson : the battle over Evolutionp. 51
Robinson Everett : racial redistricting in North Carolinap. 53
A. Ernest Fitzgerald : blowing the whistle on waste in the Pentagonp. 55
Curt Flood : major league baseballp. 57
Larry Flynt : freedom of the pressp. 60
Fong Yue Ting : the Chinese campaign for civil rightsp. 62
Willie Francis : the failed electric chairp. 64
Leo Frank : the tragic victim of due processp. 66
Sharron Frontiero : the struggle for gender equalityp. 69
Robert Fulton : the steamboat monopolyp. 71
William Furman : the (temporary) abolition of the death penaltyp. 73
Myra Clark Gaines : the New Orleans claimantp. 75
Elmer Gertz : the definition of libelp. 77
Clarence Earl Gideon : the right to counselp. 79
Benjamin Gitlow : radical leader to fallen-away communistp. 81
Lillian Gobitas : freedom of religionp. 84
Emma Goldman : perils of an American radicalp. 86
Estelle Griswold : the right to privacyp. 88
Morton Halperin : the invasion of family privacyp. 90
Michael Hardwick : the battle for gay rightsp. 92
Hugh Hefner : the right to sexual expressionp. 94
James Hill : privacy and the pressp. 96
Gordon Hirabayashi : Japanese American internmentp. 98
Jane E. Hodgson : the fight for legal abortionp. 100
Ann Hopkins : making partner the hard wayp. 102
Ishmael Jaffree : a passion for nonconformityp. 104
Gregory Lee Johnson : the flag burning controversyp. 107
Paul E. Johnson : affirmative actionp. 109
Paula Jones : the trial of a presidentp. 111
Jo Carol LaFleur : equal rights for women in the workplacep. 113
Dietrich Loewe : the labor trustp. 115
Lone Wolf : the theft of Indian landp. 117
The lovings : living as man and wifep. 119
Martin Luther : popular sovereigntyp. 122
Douglas Clyde Macintosh : selective conscientious objectionp. 124
William Marbury : futile questp. 126
John Marshall : the disposition of Lord Fairfax's landsp. 128
Norma McCorvey : reproductive freedomp. 130
James William McCulloh : the second bank of the United Statesp. 133
Lambdin P. Milligan : constitutional rights in wartimep. 135
Virginia Minor : women's fight for suffragep. 137
Ernesto Mirand : the man behind the warningsp. 139
David Neagle : trigger man for a tragedyp. 141
Jay Near : freedom of the pressp. 144
Leo Nebbia : protest against price-fixingp. 145
Lawrence A. Nixon : the all-white primaryp. 148
Richard M. Nixon : the watergate tapesp. 150
Clarence Norris : racism in the Depression Southp. 152
Thomas M. Patterson : criticism of the courtsp. 154
Ernesto Pichardo : the practice of Santeriap. 157
Homer Plessy : validation of Jim Crowp. 159
Adam Clayton Powell Jr. : a defiant and flawed herop. 161
Cecil Roy Price : Mississippi "justice" in the 1960sp. 163
Timothy E. Quill : physician-assisted suicidep. 165
Kim Rawlinson : job discriminationp. 167
Sally Reed : women's rights before the lawp. 169
George Reynolds : the Mormon claim for plural marriagep. 171
Demetrio Rodriguez : the battle over school fundingp. 173
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg : atomic espionagep. 175
Dred Scott : fight for freedom from slaveryp. 177
Mack Claude Screws : justice in Baker Countyp. 180
Daniel Seeger : the meaning of pacifismp. 182
Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher : the fight for equal educationp. 184
Al Smith : the free exercise of religionp. 187
L. B. Sullivan : Alabama in the 1960sp. 189
Darius and Vera Swann : the desegregation of Southern schoolsp. 191
Mary Beth Tinker : free speech for studentsp. 193
Pat Tornillo : freedom of the pressp. 195
Clement L. Vallandingham : political opposition in the Civil Warp. 197
William Warley : a leader ahead of his timep. 200
Henry Wheaton and Richard Peters : "owning" the lawp. 202
Charlotte Anita Whitney : free speech for radicalsp. 205
Peg-leg Williams : emigrant agentp. 207
Samuel Worcester : the fight for Cherokee rightsp. 209
Tomoyuki Yamashita : war crimes trialsp. 212
Yick Wo : racial discrimination in the Dai Foup. 214
Jonas Yoder : the preservation of Amish culturep. 216
Constitution of the United Statesp. 221
Thumbnail sketch of the Supreme Court's historyp. 230
Summaries of litigants' casesp. 233
The Justicesp. 250
How to read a court citationp. 270
Online sources of decisionsp. 271
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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