Disease and democracy [electronic resource] : the industrialized world faces AIDS /
Peter Baldwin.
Berkeley : University of California Press ; New York : Milbank Memorial Fund, c2005.
xii, 465 p. ; 24 cm.
0520243501 (cloth : alk. paper)
More Details
Berkeley : University of California Press ; New York : Milbank Memorial Fund, c2005.
0520243501 (cloth : alk. paper)
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
contents note
Bodily fluids and citizenship -- What came first -- Fighting the last war : traditional public health strategies and AIDS -- Patients into prisoners : responsibility, crime, and health -- Discrimination and its discontents : protecting the victims -- Every man his own quarantine officer : the voluntary approach -- The polymorphous politics of prevention -- To die laughing : gays and other interest groups -- Vox populi suprema lex est : expertise, authority, and democracy -- Clio intervenes : the effect of the past on public health -- Liberty, authority, and the state in the AIDS era.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Peter Baldwin is Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Flap Copy
"A historical masterpiece! Just when we thought we knew everything about the politics and policies of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, Peter Baldwin surprises us with innovative insights about the sharp differences in policy among countries as well as complex tradeoffs between civil liberties and public goods. This is a refreshing and readable book in which AIDS is used as a lens to understand the public health enterprise ranging from leprosy and syphilis to tuberculosis and SARS. Baldwin offers a deeply historical and comparative understanding of HIV in the industrialized world."--Lawrence O. Gostin, author ofPublic Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint "Although a vast literature has emerged to chronicle and reflect on the history of the AIDS epidemic since it was first reported almost a quarter of a century ago, there is nothing like Peter Baldwin's probing and synthetic analysis of AIDS in the industrialized world. Building on his masterful Contagion and the State in Europe 1830-1930, Baldwin has provided a complex historical tapestry of how an epidemic threat has challenged and exposed democracies that thought infectious threats a thing of the past."--Ronald Bayer author ofPrivate Acts, Social Cosequences:Aids and the Politics Of Public Healthand coauthor with Gerald Oppenheimer ofAIDS Doctors:Voices from the Epidemic
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2005-09-01:
"The past determines the present." With this, Baldwin (history, UCLA) argues that the methods by which different countries have confronted the emerging AIDS epidemic often reflect their own history in dealing with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as diseases spread as a result of ignorance of public health and sanitation (e.g., cholera). Often these responses have varied within the country itself. For example, laws in most Western countries during the 20th century focused on the etiological agent rather than on the social conditions that led to disease transmission. West Germany has addressed all diseases equally, focusing on individuals. By contrast the US has criminalized the transmission of STDs. With the appearance of AIDS, France instituted voluntary testing for most of the population and compulsory screening for certain cohorts (drug abusers or alcoholics), with little pretense of anonymity. This book takes a sociological approach to the problem of AIDS, rather than a medical view. Politics and history (notably in Germany, with its recent past) have entered into the equation of individual rights versus responsibility to the larger public, particularly in Western countries. This book is not an easy read. However, the author provides an extensive list of sources (many of which are in French). ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty. R. Adler University of Michigan--Dearborn
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, September 2005
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Bowker Data Service Summary
'Disease and Democracy' is the first comparative analysis of how Western democratic nations have responded to the challenge of AIDS.
Unpaid Annotation
A history of the AIDS epidemic as a public health issue, comparing the responses of different nations in the US and Europe.
Short Annotation
Disease and Democracy is the first comparative analysis of how Western democratic nations have coped with AIDS.
Long Description
Disease and Democracy is the first comparative analysis of how Western democratic nations have coped with AIDS. Peter Baldwin's exploration of divergent approaches to the epidemic in the United States and several European nations is a springboard for a wide-ranging and sophisticated historical analysis of public health practices and policies. In addition to his comprehensive presentation of information on approaches to AIDS, Baldwin's authoritative book provides a new perspective on our most enduring political dilemma: how to reconcile individual liberty with the safety of the community. Baldwin finds that Western democratic nations have adopted much more varied approaches to AIDS than is commonly recognized. He situates the range of responses to AIDS within the span of past attempts to control contagious disease and discovers the crucial role that history has played in developing these various approaches. Baldwin finds that the various tactics adopted to fight AIDS have sprung largely from those adopted against the classic epidemic diseases of the nineteenth century--especially cholera--and that they reflect the long institutional memories embodied in public health institutions.
Table of Contents
Forewordp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Abbreviationsp. xii
Introduction: Slaves to the Pastp. 1
Bodily Fluids and Citizenshipp. 7
What Came Firstp. 41
Fighting the Previous War: Traditional Public Health Strategies and AIDSp. 51
Patients into Prisoners: Responsibility, Crime, and Healthp. 86
Discrimination and its Discontents: Protecting the Victimsp. 99
Every Man His Own Quarantine Officer: The Voluntary Approachp. 125
The Polymorphous Politics of Preventionp. 153
To Die Laughing: Gays and Other Interest Groupsp. 165
Vox Populi Suprema Lex Est: Expertise, Authority, and Democracyp. 202
Clio Intervenes: The Effect of the Past on Public Healthp. 227
Liberty, Authority, and the State in the AIDS Erap. 244
Notesp. 291
Indexp. 449
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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