Catalogue

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The mobilization of political Islam in Turkey [electronic resource] /
Banu Eligür.
imprint
New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
description
xvii, 317 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0521760216 (hardback), 9780521760218 (hardback)
format(s)
Book
More Details
imprint
New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
isbn
0521760216 (hardback)
9780521760218 (hardback)
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
8367353
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2010-12-01:
Eligur's book is a must read for those who are wondering about the rise of political Islam in Turkey. Eligur combines social movement theory and political process models to analyze how Islamists survived during the Kemalist era, manipulated political parties to expand their networks since 1960, and used domestic and foreign allies to win national elections in 2002. She shows how during the military coup of 1980, the generals' desire to make the Turkish-Islamic synthesis a national ideology and the US Green Belt strategy served as catalysts for the Islamists. During the next 30 years, such Islamist leaders as Turgut Ozal, Necmettin Erbakan, and Tayyip Erdogan manipulated these opportunities to lead the Islamists into mainstream politics and eventually win the 2002 elections. The analysis is primarily about the MillI Gorus (National Vision) Islamists. This is quite appropriate because members of this group primarily belong to the Naksibendi religious brotherhood whose opposition to Western-style reforms goes back to the Tanzimat period. One oversight is the slight reference to the Fethullah Gulen Islamists, who also have become a force to be reckoned with in Turkey. Summing Up: Recommended. All readership levels. B. A. Yesilada Portland State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"Banu Eligür's book, The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey, is a must read for those who are asking questions about what has changed in Turkey's political and socio-economic landscape over the last three decades. Through a meticulous research and very careful analysis, Eligür demonstrates the successful mobilization of political Islam in Turkey, primarily through the successes of such movements as the Milli GörüÅÿ and Turkish-Islamic synthesis, and assesses its implications for this country's political future. This book is truly an eye opener for anyone who wants a better understanding of the rise of political Islam, the nuts and bolts of their strategies and tactics, and its consequences." Birol Yesilada, Portland State University
"Banu Eligur deftly applies social movement theory to advance our understanding of Islamist-state politics in Turkey. Moving beyond models of Islamist movements functioning within non-democratic settings, this book introduces considerable new empirical material to illuminate inner-party politics and, particularly, the crucial role of party entrepreneurs in broadening the support base for Turkey's mainstream Islamist movement. While the context of political opportunity structures remains central to explanations of mobilization, Eligur demonstrates that party entrepreneurs must not only frame their movement in a manner that has appeal beyond the party's core Islamist base, but they must also identify and exploit the presence of elite allies." Jillian Schwedler, University of Massachusetts Amherst
“Banu Eligür’s book, The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey, is a must read for those who are asking questions about what has changed in Turkey's political and socio-economic landscape over the last three decades. Through a meticulous research and very careful analysis, Eligür demonstrates the successful mobilization of political Islam in Turkey, primarily through the successes of such movements as the Milli Görüş and Turkish-Islamic synthesis, and assesses its implications for this country’s political future. This book is truly an eye opener for anyone who wants a better understanding of the rise of political Islam, the nuts and bolts of their strategies and tactics, and its consequences.” —Birol Yesilada, Portland State University
"Banu Eligur's marvelous study of political Islam in Turkey is must-reading for everyone interested in Islam and democracy, and makes fundamental contributions to social movement theory as well. One might have expected that Islam in Turkey, after being marginalized in Attaturk's secular revolution, would have become a radical movement. Yet it did not; instead Islamists rose to power by becoming the Islamic world's most successful moderate, democratic, pro-European Islamic party. Eligur shows how Islamists took advantage of the military's obsession with the left and thus the military's willingness to ally with them against leftist parties, the growth of a Saudi-supported Islamic business elite, and rapid urbanization, to create expanded networks and opportunities for electoral gains. Then promoting a theme of 'Justice' the Islamists gained secular supporters, running on a pro-Europe platform against the corruption and abuses of the military. Telling the story in impressive detail from the 1970s to the present, Eligur thus explains how a moderate Islamist party came to power. But her story also shows how a focus on grievances, or structural opportunities, does not provide an adequate explanation. With great theoretical insight, she shows how opportunities were seized and created by movement entrepreneurs, who adjusted their strategies of mobilization across different conditions and time-periods. Viewing party-building and party competition through the lens of social movement theory allows Eligur to provide a rich and elegant account of the mobilization of political Islam in Turkey, and to shed new light on how social movement theory can explain party-building and mobilization outside of Western democracies." Jack A. Goldstone, George Mason University
“Overall, this is an excellent and impressive book. Eligur frames her study in a carefully crafted analytical framework anduses the perspectives drawn from the social movement literature judiciously to provide a systematic and interesting analysis of the political transformation that has been taking place in Turkey in recent years. The Mobilization of Islam in Turkey offers a detailed, informative, and balanced explanation of how the Islamist movement, which began from a marginal position in Turkish politics, eventually grew to occupy a central role, providing the organizational basis and leadership for one of the most successful parties in the Turkey’s modern political history.” —Middle East Journal
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, December 2010
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Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
This volume explains why political Islam, which has been part of Turkish politics since the 1970s, has now achieved governing power. Drawing on social movement theory, the book focuses on the dominant form of Islamist activism in Turkey by analyzing the increasing electoral strength of four successive Islamist political parties.
Description for Bookstore
Explains why political Islam, which has been part of Turkish politics since the 1970s, has now achieved governing power. Drawing on social movement theory, the book focuses on the dominant form of Islamist activism in Turkey by analyzing the increasing electoral strength of four successive Islamist political parties.
Description for Bookstore
The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey explains why political Islam, which has been part of Turkish politics since the 1970s but on the rise only since the 1990s, has now achieved governing power. Drawing on social movement theory, the book focuses on the dominant form of Islamist activism in Turkey by analyzing the increasing electoral strength of four successive Islamist political parties.
Main Description
The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey explains why political Islam, which has been part of Turkish politics since the 1970s but on the rise only since the 1990s, has now achieved governing power. Drawing on social movement theory, the book focuses on the dominant form of Islamist activism in Turkey by analyzing the increasing electoral strength of four successive Islamist political parties: the Welfare Party; its successor, the Virtue Party; and the successors of the Virtue Party: the Felicity Party and the Justice and Development Party. This book, which is based on extensive primary and secondary sources as well as in-depth interviews, provides the most comprehensive analysis currently available of the Islamist political mobilization in Turkey.
Table of Contents
List of Tablesp. vii
List of Diagrams, Charts, and Boxesp. ix
List of Acronymsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Prefacep. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Theoretical Approaches to Islamist Mobilizationp. 4
The Social Movement Literaturep. 9
The Political Process Modelp. 12
Emergence of the Islamist Social Movement in Turkeyp. 37
Islam in the Ottoman Empirep. 37
Ottomanism, Islamism, and Turkismp. 39
The Turkish Revolutionp. 41
An Overview of Turkish Politics (1946-1960)p. 48
From the Liberal 1961 Constitution to the 1971 Military Interventionp. 59
The 1980 Military Intervention and Its Aftermathp. 76
Conclusionp. 84
The Turkish-Islamic Synthesis and the Islamist Social Movementp. 85
Turkey on the Brink of Civil Warp. 85
Turkey under Military Rule (1980-1983): The Military and the Islamistsp. 88
Adoption of the Turkish-Islamic Synthesisp. 93
Turkey under Motherland Party Rule (1983-1991)p. 118
Conclusionp. 135
The Malfunctioning State and Consolidation of the Islamist Social Movementp. 136
Origins of the Malfunctioning Statep. 137
Framing the Political Opportunity Structure: The Welfare Party and the Just Order (Adil Düzen)p. 144
The Welfare Party Becomes a Party of the Massesp. 154
Municipal Governance as Political Opportunity Structurep. 164
Conclusionp. 181
Organizational Dynamics of the Islamist Social Movementp. 182
Islamist Party Organizational Networks: The Welfare Party and Virtue Partyp. 183
Party Mobilizational Effortsp. 189
The Emergence of "Reformists"p. 198
The Parallel Islamic Sectorp. 200
Conclusionp. 213
The Soft Intervention of 1997 and the Islamist Social Movementp. 214
The Welfare Party Comes to Powerp. 215
The "Soft" Intervention of 1997 and the End of the Welfare Partyp. 220
The Virtue Partyp. 234
After "Virtue": Justice and Developmentp. 243
The Justice and Development Party Tests the Limitsp. 248
The July 2007 General Electionsp. 254
The Justice and Development Party Mobilizes against the Secular- Democratic Statep. 261
Conclusionp. 275
The Islamist Social Movement Today and Prospects for the Futurep. 276
Bibliographyp. 285
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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