Catalogue

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Childhood in nineteenth-century France [electronic resource] : work, health, and education among the 'classes populaires' /
Colin Heywood.
imprint
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1988.
description
xii, 350 p. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0521350387
format(s)
Book
More Details
imprint
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1988.
isbn
0521350387
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
general note
Includes index.
catalogue key
8358532
 
Bibliography: p. 325-342.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1989-04:
Heywood asks why child labor stimulated public interest in France beginning in the 1830s, and explains how children moved from workplace to school in the second half of the 19th century. Along the way, he surveys much recent historical literature on childhood, education, and social policy. Part 1 concerns the rural context of work and education, describing the role of children in the domestic economy and the informal and practical nature of education. Part 2 addresses the impact of industrialization, and recognizes the unevenness of the process. Larger factories brought child labor to the attention of middle-class reformers in the 1830s, but often more serious abuses could be found (or hidden) in smaller workshops. Part 3, based largely on the author's own archival investigations, examines state intervention, particularly legislation in 1841 and 1874, and juxtaposes state policy with local realities. Though he concludes with praise for 19th-century reformers, Heywood recognizes that the state only intervened when child labor was already declining. He avoids charges of conspiracy to exploit youth, and provides a very nuanced and judicious work. Essential for academic libraries; accessible to general readers. -D. G. Troyansky, Texas Tech University
Reviews
Review Quotes
'This is a very good manuscript, well researched, cautious, judicious, eschewing partisan or emotional sweeping statements and above all very well, indeed elegantly, written and constructed. It is, as The New York Review of Books would say, a good read, holding the reader from beginning to end and arriving at some important conclusions.' Olwen Hufton, Harvard University
'This is a very good manuscript, well researched, cautious, judicious, eschewing partisan or emotional sweeping statements and above all very well, indeed elegantly, written and constructed. It is, as The New York Review of Books would say, a good read, holding the reader from beginning to end and arriving at some important conclusions.'Olwen Hufton, Harvard University
‘This is a very good manuscript, well researched, cautious, judicious, eschewing partisan or emotional sweeping statements and above all very well, indeed elegantly, written and constructed. It is, as The New York Review of Books would say, a good read, holding the reader from beginning to end and arriving at some important conclusions.’Olwen Hufton, Harvard University
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, April 1989
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Description for Bookstore
The first section of the book considers childhood in rural society; the second examines the impact of industrial development on the lives of working-class children; and the third traces the child labour legislation of 1841 and 1874.
Description for Library
The central theme of this book is the changing experience of childhood among the peasants and working classes of nineteenth-century France. Manual work and informal methods of education in the local community became less prominent at this stage of life, whilst the primary school loomed increasingly large. The first section of the book considers childhood in rural society; the second examines the impact of industrial development on the lives of working-class children; and the third traces the child labour legislation of 1841 and 1874.
Main Description
The central theme of this book is the changing experience of childhood among the peasants and working classes of nineteenth-century France. Manual work and informal methods of education in the local community became less prominent at this stage of life, whilst the primary school loomed increasingly large. The first section of the book considers childhood in rural society; the second examines the impact of industrial development on the lives of working-class children; and the third traces the child labour legislation of 1841 and 1874. The purposes of the work are to understand why the practice of child labour, considered entirely acceptable in the early nineteenth century, became an issue for reform from the 1830s, and also to assess the strategies adopted by the French State for curbing abuses. Its significance lies in its original synthesis of material on child labour, apprenticeship and education, drawing on a broad range of primary sources as well as the existing literature in related fields of study.
Table of Contents
List of maps
List of tables
Acknowledgements
Introduction
The Rural Background
The agricultural setting
The nature of work for children in agrarian society
Education in rural society
The Impact of Industrialization
Child labour in the industrial setting
Working conditions for children in industry
A physical decline in the race?
A moral and intellectual decline?
The State Intervenes
1841: an experiment in social legislation
The experiment in practice, 1841-70
1874: child labour legislation comes of age
The curbing of child labour in industry, 1874-92
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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