Catalogue


Chełmno and the Holocaust : the history of Hitler's first death camp /
Patrick Montague ; foreword by Christopher R. Browning.
imprint
Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
description
xv, 291 p., [16] p. of plates : maps ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0807835277, 9780807835272
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2012.
isbn
0807835277
9780807835272
catalogue key
8304264
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [257]-267) and index.
A Look Inside
Excerpts
Flap Copy
As the first extermination camp established by the Nazi regime, the Chelmno death camp stands as a crucial but largely unexplored element of the Holocaust. This book is the first comprehensive work in any language to detail all aspects of the camp's history, organization, and operations and to remedy the dearth of information in Holocaust literature about Chelmno, which served as a template for the Nazis' "Final Solution." Includes previously unpublished first-hand accounts and photographs.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2012-10-01:
With painstaking and painful detail, independent scholar Montague presents a thorough account of the Nazi extermination camp at Chemno. Montague examines the roles and motivations of the key personnel who put together the first extermination facility in Nazi-occupied Poland from their initial involvement in the T-4 euthanasia program. He considers the evolution of the practices of gassing and cremation utilized in the euthanasia of thousands of handicapped Germans who were deemed to be "useless mouths" by Nazi officials as the initial stage inuring the perpetrators to murder. These practices were then applied and expanded at Chemno to tens of thousands of handicapped Poles, Gentiles, Roma, and Polish and European Jews before the final liquidation of the camp. Montague relates the particulars of the day-to-day assembly line production of death, documenting the actions of the perpetrators and the sufferings of the victims. Along with extensive quotes from postwar and trial testimonies, he provides useful appendixes addressing the technology of the gas vans, the murder of Stanisaw Kaszynski (a Polish Gentile who spread news about the activities there), and the fates of the key figures at Chemno. A definitive work. Summing Up: Essential. All levels/libraries. R. K. Byczkiewicz Central Connecticut State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"A definitive work. Essential. All levels/libraries." - Choice
"[A] prodigious work of scholarship.... In chronicling the history of the first Nazi extermination camp at Chelmno, Montague shows how the camp broke the psychological barrier for establishing subsequent factories of death, and became the model for death camps such as Treblinka and Auschwitz." - Jewish Book World
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, October 2012
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
As the first extermination camp established by the Nazi regime and the prototype of the single-purpose death camps of Treblinka, Sobibor, and Belzec, the Chelmno death camp stands as a crucial but largely unexplored element of the Holocaust. This book is the first comprehensive work in any language to detail all aspects of the camp's history, organization, and operations and to remedy the dearth of information in Holocaust literature about Chelmno, which served as a template for the Nazis' "Final Solution." Patrick Montague reveals events leading to the establishment of the camp, how the mobile killing squad employed the world's first gas van to terminate the lives of mentally-ill patients, and the assembly-line procedure employed in the camp to commit genocide on the Jewish population. Based on over 20 years of careful research, this book provides the first single-volume history of the camp and its handful of survivors and includes previously unpublished first-hand accounts and photographs. Chelmno and the Holocaustis a vital contribution to a critically important chapter in the history of the Holocaust.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrationsp. viii
List of Mapsp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
Forewordp. xiv
Introductionp. 1
Prologuep. 9
The Euthanasia Programp. 9
Mobile Killing Operationsp. 14
The Turning Pointp. 32
Extermination: The First Period (1941-1943)p. 49
Establishing the Campp. 49
The Transportsp. 62
The Mansion: Arrival, Murder, Plunderp. 76
The Forest Campp. 91
Resumption of Transportsp. 119
Escapesp. 127
First Liquidation of the Campp. 141
Extermination: The Second Period (1944-1945)p. 149
Re-Establishing the Campp. 149
A New Killing Procedurep. 157
Final Liquidation of the Campp. 168
Epiloguep. 175
Chelmno: 1945 to the Presentp. 175
The Number of Victimsp. 183
Conclusion and Reflectionp. 188
Appendicesp. 197
The Gas Vansp. 199
The Kaszynski Affairp. 213
Fates of Key Figuresp. 219
Notesp. 231
Bibliographyp. 257
Indexp. 269
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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