Human rights journalism : advances in reporting distant humanitarian interventions /
Ibrahim Seaga Shaw.
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
xvi, 281 p.
9780230321427 (hardback)
More Details
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
9780230321427 (hardback)
contents note
Foreword by Stuart Allan -- Introduction : background and scope of human rights journalism -- Human rights journalism : a conceptual framework -- Critical comparative analyses of human rights journalism and peace journalism, global journalism and human rights reporting -- Public, citizen and peace journalisms : towards the more radical human rights journalism strand -- The dynamics and challenges of reporting humanitarian interventions -- The 'us only' and 'us+them' frames in reporting the Sierra Leone War : implications for human rights journalism -- 'Operation Restore Hope' in Somalia and genocide in Rwanda -- Politics of humanitarian intervention and human wrongs journalism : the case of Kosovo vs Sierra Leone -- The Politics of development and global poverty eradication -- The 2007 EU-Africa Lisbon Summit and 'the Global Partnership for Africa' -- The reporting of asylum seekers and refugees in the UK -- Conclusion : a case for human rights journalism and future directions -- Afterword by Jake Lynch.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-268) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Ibrahim Seaga Shaw is Senior Lecturer in Media and Politics at Northumbria University in Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK. With a background in journalism spanning 26 years in Sierra Leone, Britain and France, he edited Sierra Leone's award winning Expo Times newspaper in the mid 1990s. He holds a PhD from the Sorbonne and is co-editor of Expanding Peace Journalism (2011).
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2012-11-01:
With this volume, Shaw (Univ. of the West of England, Bristol, UK) makes an important contribution to the critical literature on how human-rights issues get covered by producers of national and international news. The author's claim to the contrary, this has been the subject of work by other scholars, this reviewer included (in Media, Memory, and Human Rights in Chile, 2009). But Shaw demonstrates effectively the role that powerful international, primarily Western, news producers play in framing the human-rights stories they do report, especially those regarding the non-Western world or refugees from the non-Western world who have moved to the West. Shaw encourages journalists to take a more comprehensive approach in their reporting, an approach that considers what is needed for human rights to be realized instead of the usual scenario (which covers "human wrongs"). What this reader found most compelling was the presentation and discussion of case studies, involving, for example, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Rwanda, Kosovo, Indymedia in Seattle, the Africa-EU summit in Lisbon, and asylum seekers and refugees in Britain. This is a book for those interested in journalism, media, and human rights. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Graduate students, researchers, faculty, professionals. K. Sorensen Bentley University
Review Quotes
'The perceptive analysis presented on these pages highlights the basis for a radical reconsideration of some of our most familiar assumptions. It does so in a manner alert to journalism's shortcomings but also to its remarkable potential to foster points of emphatic connection at a distance. In this way, Shaw's intervention inspires us to reinvigorate our efforts to develop productive ways forward, to re-imagine new possibilities in the search for compassionate reporting respectful of the human dignity of others.' - Stuart Allan, Bournemouth University, UK
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, November 2012
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Main Description
Shaw argues that journalism should focus on deconstructing the underlying structural and cultural causes of political violence such as poverty, famineandhuman trafficking,and play a proactive (preventative), rather than reactive (prescriptive) role in humanitarian intervention.
Description for Bookstore
Shaw argues that journalism should focus on deconstructing the underlying structural and cultural causes of political violence and play a proactive role in humanitarian intervention
Long Description
Drawing on case studies of the reporting of distant humanitarian interventions, especially in Eastern Europe and Africa by the mainstream Western media, Ibrahim Shaw illuminates how journalists can create a more informed and empowered public sphere. He argues that journalists do not only hold the power to inform the public, but have the moral responsibility as duty bearers to educate and increase awareness of their rights and monitor, investigate and report all human rights violations. It is the first book to exclusively and critically explore the role of the media in the promotion and protection of human rights. Drawing on Kant's cosmopolitan principle of global justice, Shaw puts forward the case for human rights journalism as a more proactive approach in prioritising the deconstruction of indirect structural and cultural violence, and as the best way of preventing or minimising direct political violence.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tablesp. x
Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiv
Acknowledgementsp. xvi
Introduction: Background and Scope of Human Rights Journalismp. 1
Why is the study of human rights journalism important?p. 2
Direct physical and indirect structural/cultural violence: Towards a justpeace frameworkp. 11
Human Rights Journalism and Alternative Models: Critical Conceptual and Comparative Perspectives
Human Rights Journalism: A Critical Conceptual Frameworkp. 25
Exposing human rights abusesp. 26
Free speech and human rightsp. 28
Human rights journalismp. 36
Critical Comparative Analyses of Human Rights Journalism, Peace Journalism, Global Journalism and Human Rights Reportingp. 43
Human rights journalism and peace journalism within the justpeace frameworkp. 43
How human rights journalism is different from global journalismp. 48
The history of human rights reporting and how it is related to human rights journalism: 'Honest' journalism versus 'objective' journalismp. 50
Citizen, Public and Peace Journalisms: Towards the More Radical Human Rights Journalism Strandp. 61
The limits of public and citizen journalisms; Human rights journalism as an alternative paradigmp. 61
Human rights journalism as a complementary strand of peace journalismp. 71
Conclusionp. 80
The Dynamics and Challenges of Reporting Humanitarian Interventionsp. 82
The journalistic framing of humanitarian intervention in Africap. 83
Evocative versus diagnostic reportingp. 92
Political context and human rights journalismp. 99
Conclusionp. 101
Human Rights Journalism and the Representing of Physical Violence
The 'us only' and 'us + them' Frames in Reporting the Sierra Leone War: Implications for Human Rights Journalismp. 105
The limits of journalistic practicep. 105
Human wrongs journalism frames in the coverage of the Sierra Leone civil warp. 108
Empathy distance frames versus empathy critical framesp. 110
Conclusionp. 120
'Operation Restore Hope' in Somalia and Genocide in Rwandap. 122
Post-Cold War politics: Human wrongs journalism and the cycle of violencep. 123
'Operation Restore Hope'?p. 126
The Rwandan Genocidep. 134
The Politics of Humanitarian Intervention and Human Wrongs Journalism: The Case of Kosovo versus Sierra Leonep. 144
A cosmopolitan theory of human rights journalismp. 145
The CNN factor in Kosovo but not in Sierra Leone in 1999p. 150
Conclusionp. 162
Human Rights Journalism and the Representing of Structural and Cultural Violence
The Politics of Development and Global Poverty Eradicationp. 165
The right to developmentp. 165
Global poverty and human rights-based developmentp. 168
Human rights journalism and social movements: The case of Indymedia in Seattlep. 174
The EU-Africa Lisbon Summit and 'the Global Partnership for Africa'p. 181
Poverty, the slave trade, colonialism and unfair tradep. 184
The Africa-EU Summit in Lisbon: A missed opportunity for human rights journalism in Britainp. 190
Reporting Asylum Seekers and Refugees in the UK: The Myths and the Factsp. 202
Cosmopolitanism versus nationalism in the reporting of asylum seekers and refugeesp. 203
Seven frequently asked questions: The myths and the factsp. 209
Conclusion: A Case for Human Rights Journalism and Future Directionsp. 227
A case for human rights journalismp. 227
Principles of the human rights-based approach to journalismp. 231
Future directions of human rights journalismp. 236
Afterwordp. 241
Notesp. 243
Bibliographyp. 247
Indexp. 269
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