Catalogue


The chemistry of explosives /
Jacqueline Akhavan.
edition
3rd ed.
imprint
Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry 2011.
description
xii, 193 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
1849733309 (Paper), 9781849733304 (Paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
Subjects
subject
More Details
imprint
Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry 2011.
isbn
1849733309 (Paper)
9781849733304 (Paper)
catalogue key
8273356
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2005-01-01:
Suppose you need an explosive for a specific job. To make an intelligent decision, you must investigate all requirements of the job and specifications of each possible explosive substance. In addition to requirements for the explosives, such as stability to shock and heat (these are storage and transportation problems), the rate of chemical reaction, the energy released during the chemical reaction, and the shelf life of the substance used, newer requirements stipulate that the explosives must not generate environmental hazards. Akhavan (Cranfield Univ., UK) considers such problems in this new edition (1st ed., 1998), discussing a large range of substances that can serve as explosives (either primary or secondary), their chemical formulas and structures, and the various uses to which they can be applied, together with a very good discussion of the history of explosives. The book is well written but readers should have at least an undergraduate introduction to chemistry, physics, and mathematics to fully understand the material. The one error that deserves comment is on page 30, where the formula for lead styphnate has two extra hydrogens, which should have been removed when styphnic acid formed the styphnate ion. For readers involved in the field of explosives. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals; two-year technical program students. P. R. Douville emeritus, Central Connecticut State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"""... this succinct introductory paperback manual on the chemistry, physics, and functioning of explosives is most welcome ... eminently readable ..."""
"""... an excellent book for 'A' level students and new graduates."""
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
The third edition of this popular book has been fully revised and updated and outlines the basic principles needed to understand the mechanism of explosions by chemical explosives. The history, theory and chemical types of explosives are introduced, providing the reader with information on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. Thermodynamics, enthalpy, free energy and gas equations are covered together with examples of calculations, leading to the power and temperature of explosions. The new generation of explosive compositions called Insensitive High Explosives (IHE) have been introduced in this third edition with details of their properties. The effect explosives have on the environment has also been introduced together with relevant legislations. The new edition contains information on polyphosphazenes, high nitrogen molecules and details on new explosives such as LLM-105, CL-20, FOX-7, FOX-12, and DADNE. More detailed information is also provided on safety and the EMTAP tests. The book will aid the understanding of the theory of hot spots and its relationship to detonation and provides details on the manufacturing process for explosive molecules containing nitro, nitrate esters and nitramines.This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive compositions. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject, such as the more experienced chemist in the explosives industry.
Bowker Data Service Summary
Outlining the basic principles needed to understand the mechanism of explosions, this work introduces the history, theory and chemical types of explosives, and covers thermodynamics, enthalpy, free energy and gas equations.
Description for Bookstore
This popular, best-selling book, now in its third edition, has been fully revised and expanded to reflect new developments in the field. It outlines the basic principles required to understand the chemical processes of explosives. The Chemistry of Explosives, 3rd Edition, provides an overview of the history of explosives, as well as taking the reader to future developments. The text on the classification of explosive materials contains much data on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. The explosive processes of deflagration and detonation, including the theory of 'hotspots' for the detonation process, are introduced and many examples are provided in the detailed description on the thermochemistry of explosives. New material includes coverage on insensitive high explosives, polyphosphazenes, high nitrogen molecules and environmental impact. The 3rd edition also includes details on new explosives such as LLM-105, CL-20, FOX-7, FOX-12, and DADNE and refers to essential information on safety and the EMTAP tests. This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive materials. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject.
Main Description
The third edition of this popular book has been fully revised and updated and outlines the basic principles needed to understand the mechanism of explosions by chemical explosives. The history, theory and chemical types of explosives are introduced, providing the reader with information on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. Thermodynamics, enthalpy, free energy and gas equations are covered together with examples of calculations, leading to the power and temperature of explosions. The new generation of explosive compositions called Insensitive High Explosives (IHE) have been introduced in this third edition with details of their properties. The effect explosives have on the environment has also been introduced together with relevant legislations. The new edition contains information on polyphosphazenes, high nitrogen molecules and details on new explosives such as LLM-105, CL-20, FOX-7, FOX-12, and DADNE. More detailed information is also provided on safety and the EMTAP tests. The book will aid the understanding of the theory of hot spots and its relationship to detonation and provides details on the manufacturing process for explosive molecules containing nitro, nitrate esters and nitramines. This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive compositions. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject, such as the more experienced chemist in the explosives industry.
Table of Contents
Introduction to Explosivesp. 1
Development of Blackpowderp. 1
Development of Nitroglycerinep. 2
Development of Mercury Fulminatep. 3
Development of Nitrocellulosep. 4
Development of Dynamitep. 5
Development of Ammonium Nitratep. 5
Development of Commercial Explosivesp. 6
Development of Permitted Explosivesp. 6
Development of ANFO, Slurry, Emulsion and Blasting Explosivesp. 7
Development of Military Explosivesp. 8
Development of Picric Acidp. 8
Development of Tetrylp. 9
Development of TNTp. 10
Development of Nitroguanidinep. 10
Development of PETNp. 11
Development of RDX and HMXp. 11
Polymer Bonded Explosivesp. 13
Recent Developmentsp. 16
Insensitive Munitions and Insensitive High Explosivesp. 18
Explosives and the Environmentp. 22
Classification of Explosive Materialsp. 27
Explosionsp. 27
Atomic Explosionsp. 27
Physical Explosionsp. 28
Chemical Explosionsp. 28
Chemical Explosivesp. 29
Classification of Chemical Explosivesp. 29
Primary Explosivesp. 30
Secondary Explosivesp. 32
Propellantsp. 33
Chemical Data on Explosive Materialsp. 34
Primary Explosivesp. 34
Mercury Fulminatep. 34
Lead Azidep. 35
Lead Styphnatep. 36
Silver Azidep. 37
Tetrazenep. 37
Secondary Explosivesp. 38
Nitroglycerinep. 38
Nitrocellulosep. 39
Picric Acidp. 41
Tetrylp. 42
TNTp. 44
Nitroguanidinep. 46
PETNp. 46
RDXp. 48
HMXp. 49
TATBp. 50
HNSp. 51
NTOp. 52
TNAZp. 53
CL-20p. 54
Fox-12 (GUDN)p. 55
DNANp. 56
FOX-7 (DADNE)p. 57
LLM-105p. 58
Other Compounds used in Explosive Compositionsp. 58
Combustion, Deflagration and Detonationp. 60
Combustionp. 60
Physical and Chemical Aspects of Combustionp. 61
Combustion of Explosives and Propellantsp. 61
Deflagrationp. 61
Detonationp. 64
Burning to Detonationp. 64
Shock to Detonationp. 64
Propagation of the Detonation Shockwavep. 66
Effect of Density on the Velocity of Detonationp. 68
Effect of Diameter of the Explosive Composition On the Velocity of Detonationp. 70
Effect of Explosive Material on the Velocity of Detonationp. 71
Classification of Explosivesp. 72
Ignition, Initiation and Thermal Decompositionp. 74
Ignitionp. 74
Hotspotsp. 75
Mechanisms for the Formation of Hotspotsp. 76
Ignition by Impact and Frictionp. 77
Frictionp. 77
Impactp. 77
Classification of Explosivesp. 79
Initiation Techniquesp. 82
Explosive Trainp. 82
Detonatorsp. 82
Ignitersp. 83
Thermal Decompositionp. 83
Thermochemistry of Explosivesp. 85
Oxygen Balancep. 85
Decomposition Reactionsp. 89
Kistiakowsky├╣Wilson Rulesp. 89
Modified Kistiakowsky-Wilson Rulesp. 90
Springall Roberts Rulesp. 92
Heats of Formationp. 93
Heat of Explosionp. 95
Effect of Oxygen Balancep. 99
Volume of Gaseous Products of Explosionp. 100
Explosive Power, Power Index and TNT Equivalencep. 102
Temperature of Chemical Explosionp. 103
Mixed Explosive Compositionsp. 106
Atomic Composition of the Explosive Mixturep. 107
Oxygen Balancep. 107
Decomposition Reactionp. 109
Heat of Explosionp. 109
Volume of Gaseous Productsp. 110
Energized Explosivesp. 111
Addition of Aluminiump. 112
Force and Pressure of Explosionp. 112
Equilibria and Kinetics of Explosive Reactionsp. 116
Equilibriap. 116
Products of Decompositionp. 117
The Water-Gas Equilibriump. 118
Heat of Explosionp. 119
Temperature of Explosionp. 123
Kinetics of Explosive Reactionsp. 124
Activation Energyp. 124
Rate of Reactionp. 125
Kinetics of Thermal Decompositionp. 126
Measurement of Kinetic Parametersp. 127
Differential Thermal Analysisp. 128
Thermogravimetric Analysisp. 129
Differential Scanning Calorimetryp. 129
Manufacture of Explosivesp. 131
Nitrationp. 131
C-Nitrationp. 131
Picric Acidp. 131
Tetryl
TNT (2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene)p. 134
TATB (1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenZone)p. 135
HNS (Hexanitrostilbene)p. 136
O-Nitrationp. 138
Nitroglycerinep. 138
Nitrocellulosep. 139
PETN (Pentaerythritol tetranitrate)p. 141
N-Nitrationp. 146
RDX (Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine)p. 143
HMX (Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine)p. 148
Nitroguanidinep. 148
Ammonium Nitratep. 150
Primary Explosivesp. 151
Lead Azidep. 151
Mercury Fulminatep. 151
Tetrazenep. 152
Commercial Explosive Compositionsp. 154
Ammonium Nitratep. 154
Ammonium Nitrate Slurriesp. 154
Ammonium Nitrate Emulsion Slurriesp. 155
Dynamitep. 155
Military Explosive Compositionsp. 156
Castingp. 156
Pressingp. 157
Ram and Screw Extrusionp. 160
Introduction to Propellants and Pyrotechnicsp. 162
Introduction to Propellantsp. 162
Gun Propellantsp. 162
Performancep. 162
Compositionp. 163
Single-base Propellantsp. 164
Double-base Propellantsp. 165
Triple-base Propellantsp. 165
Propellant Additivesp. 165
High Energy Propellantsp. 165
Liquid Propellantsp. 166
Composite Propellantsp. 167
Rocket Propellantsp. 167
Performancep. 167
Compositionp. 168
Double-base Propellantsp. 168
Composite Propellantsp. 168
Liquid Propellantsp. 169
Gas-generating Propellantsp. 170
Introduction to Pyrotechnicsp. 171
Heat-producing Pyrotechnicsp. 171
Primers and First Firesp. 171
Heat-generating Devicesp. 173
Delay Compositionsp. 173
Smoke-generating Compositionsp. 174
Light-generating Compositionsp. 175
Coloured Lightp. 175
White Lightp. 176
Noise-generating Pyrotechnicsp. 176
Bangp. 176
Whistlep. 177
Bibliographyp. 178
Subject Indexp. 181
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

This information is provided by a service that aggregates data from review sources and other sources that are often consulted by libraries, and readers. The University does not edit this information and merely includes it as a convenience for users. It does not warrant that reviews are accurate. As with any review users should approach reviews critically and where deemed necessary should consult multiple review sources. Any concerns or questions about particular reviews should be directed to the reviewer and/or publisher.

  link to old catalogue

Report a problem