Catalogue


Brain architecture : understanding the basic plan /
Larry W. Swanson.
edition
2nd ed.
imprint
Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c2012.
description
xv, 331 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm.
ISBN
019537858X (pbk. : alk. paper), 9780195378580 (pbk. : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, c2012.
isbn
019537858X (pbk. : alk. paper)
9780195378580 (pbk. : alk. paper)
contents note
Thinking about the brain : body and mind -- How the brain works : history, structure, and function -- The simplest nervous systems : neurons, nerve nets, and behavior -- Centralization and symmetry : ganglia and nerves -- The basic vertebrate plan : transverse divisions -- Neurogenesis : longitudinal divisions, parts list, and adult flatmap -- Brain and behavior : a four systems network model -- The motor system : coordinating external and internal behaviors -- The behavioral state system : intrinsic control of sleep and wakefulness -- The cognitive system : thinking and voluntary control of behavior -- The sensory system : inputs from environment and body -- Modifiability learning, stress, cycles, and damage repair -- Genome and connectome.
catalogue key
8238440
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Larry W. Swanson, PhD, is Milo Don and Lucille Appleman Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, CA. Dr. Swanson has published over 250 research articles and numerous books on brain organization, and is a member of National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Grolier Club.
Reviews
Review Quotes
"This short book deserves wide readership. It could serve both as a general introduction for the undergraduate and as a means to wide one''s horizon for the experienced researcher." -- Jan Voogd inScience "I was pleasantly surprised by the comparative and evolutionary approach used to introduce the major concepts, and I was drawn in by the historical context in which the story is told...a clearly written and logically organized overview of the major functional subdivisions of the vertebrate nervous system...Swanson''s writing style and his ability to present complicated systems and relationships will make this book particularly accessible to students, and generally useful to anyone interested in the neurosciences...commendable job distilling the essential principles from an exceptionally complex subject, making the brevity of this book one of its greatest strengths." -- Kenneth C. Catania inNature Neuroscience "Larry Swanson, one of the great contemporary students of brain anatomy, has given us a broad overview of the structure and function of the brain using insights from embryology and from evolutionary comparison to highlight the principles that govern the anatomical substrates of behavior. This book will be read avidly by both students and practicing scientists." -- Eric R. Kandel, MD, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine "Neuroanatomy is usually associated with boring memorization and dense terminology. But Swanson has brought the subject to life by focusing on the principles that underlie brain structure and function. These principles, illuminated by an historical perspective and placed in an evolutionary context, actually constitute a theory of brain. This book''s logical organization, intellectual sweep, and clear writing made it a joy for me to read." -- Charles F. Stevens, MD, PhD, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Salk Institute for Biological Sciences "Efforts to generate a comprehensive wiring diagram of the mammalian brain have been propelled, in part, by the renewed realization that brain architecture holds a structural key to the understanding of behavior. Larry Swanson''s new edition of ''Brain Architecture'' provides us with a consummate master class in the principles of brain structure and its links to behavior. Swanson is one of today''s pre-eminent neuroanatomists and in these pages he conveys, with remarkable clarity and precision, the basic features of brain organization - from the simple networks that direct stereotypic invertebrate behaviors to the complex logic of cortical columnar units. Simply put, this book will serve as an essential companion for all students of brain function, whether molecular or psychological in affinity." -- Thomas M. Jessell, PhD, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY "The newBrain Architecture: Understanding the Basic Planby Larry Swanson, interprets for us how come the brain is organized the way it is. The book is written with phenomenal insight from the perspective of both structure and function and it also incorporates the historic dimension of neuroscience. It is a pleasure to read and it contains information of great value not only for the undergraduate but also the experienced neuroscientist." -- Prof. Sten Grillner, Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden "Larry Swanson paints on a broad canvas of brain structure and function that spreads across the historical development of ideas, through evolutionary, genetic and comparative issues to modern investigations of neural connectivity, in which he is a leading expert. He exhibits a remarkable range of knowledge that results in a refreshingly modern synthesis of neural organization, accessible to readers at all levels." -- Edward G. Jones, MD, PhD, Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis, CA "In this era of information explosion it is sometimes difficult to keep track of the big questions. In Neuroscience in particular, this is a time of great excitement with an onslaught of new techniques and new data but, at the same time, of great conceptual confusion. Swanson''s book is a remarkable effort to "put it all together" and provide a roadmap for what the nervous system could be doing, based on the structural design of the brain. His clear thinking and writing goes a long way in providing a general framework with which to interpret current data. In addition, he also brings in a unique historical perspective, which helps ground even more our basic assumptions and understand where they came from. I use this text in my undergraduate seminar and would consider it required reading for all students of neural circuits." -- Rafael Yuste, MD, PhD, HHMI, Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
Written in clear and sparkling prose, beautifully illustrated, and thoroughly updated, 'Brain Architecture' is a must-read for anyone interested in the science of how the brain works.
Long Description
Now in its second edition, Brain Architecture is the continued exploration of how the brain works. At the very core of our existence, the brain generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and coordinates all of the vital functions within the body itself. This long-overdue new edition explains this oftentimes daunting intricacy and exquisite detail. The first half of the book discusses the basic parts and how they work, presenting an overview of the nervous system at both the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The approach follows three classic lines of thought that proceed from simple to complex: the history of neuroscience research, the evolution of the nervous system, and the embryological development of the vertebrate central and peripheral nervous systems.The second half of the book outlines the basic wiring diagram of the brain and nervous system-how the parts are interconnected and how they control behavior and the internal state of the body. This is done within the framework of a new four-system network model that greatly simplifies understanding the structure-function organization of the nervous system.Written in clear and sparkling prose, beautifully illustrated, and thoroughly updated, Brain Architecture, Second Edition is must-read for anyone interested in the science of how the brain works.
Main Description
Now in its second edition, Brain Architecture is the continued exploration of how the brain works. At the very core of our existence, the brain generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and coordinates all of the vital functions within thebody itself. This long-overdue new edition explains this oftentimes daunting intricacy and exquisite detail. The first half of the book discusses the basic parts and how they work, presenting an overview of the nervous system at both the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The approach follows three classic lines of thought that proceed from simple to complex: the history of neuroscience research, theevolution of the nervous system, and the embryological development of the vertebrate central and peripheral nervous systems.The second half of the book outlines the basic wiring diagram of the brain and nervous system-how the parts are interconnected and how they control behavior and the internal state of the body. This is done within the framework of a new four-system network model that greatly simplifies understandingthe structure-function organization of the nervous system.Written in clear and sparkling prose, beautifully illustrated, and thoroughly updated, Brain Architecture, Second Edition is must-read for anyone interested in the science of how the brain works.
Main Description
Now in its second edition,Brain Architectureis the continued exploration of how the brain works. At the very core of our existence, the brain generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and coordinates all of the vital functions within the body itself. This long-overdue new edition explains this oftentimes daunting intricacy and exquisite detail. The first half of the book discusses the basic parts and how they work, presenting an overview of the nervous system at both the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The approach follows three classic lines of thought that proceed from simple to complex: the history of neuroscience research, the evolution of the nervous system, and the embryological development of the vertebrate central and peripheral nervous systems. The second half of the book outlines the basic wiring diagram of the brain and nervous system-how the parts are interconnected and how they control behavior and the internal state of the body. This is done within the framework of a new four-system network model that greatly simplifies understanding the structure-function organization of the nervous system. Written in clear and sparkling prose, beautifully illustrated, and thoroughly updated,Brain Architecture, Second Edition is must-read for anyone interested in the science of how the brain works.
Table of Contents
Preface to the First Editionp. xiii
Thinking about the Brain: Body and Mindp. 3
How the Brain Works: History, Structure, and Functionp. 10
Three Biological Perspectivesp. 12
The Simplest Nervous Systems: Neurons, Nerve Nets, and Behaviorp. 19
Unicellular Organisms: Behaviors Essential for Survivalp. 21
Animals without Neurons: Independent Effectorsp. 24
The First Nervous System: Hydra's Body and Behaviorp. 27
Sensory Neurons: Functional Polarity of Dendrites and Axonp. 28
Motor Neurons: A Second Distinct Neuron Typep. 32
Nerve Nets: Amacrine Extensions and Activity Patternsp. 35
Interneurons: Sign Switchers and Pattern Generatorsp. 37
Overview: Evolution of Architecture, Not Building Blocksp. 40
Centralization and Symmetry: Ganglia and Nervesp. 43
Flatworms: Bilaterally Symmetrical Predatorsp. 43
Segmented Worms: Inner Ventral Nerve Cordp. 49
More Evolved Invertebratesp. 52
Overview: Polarity, Regionalization, Bilateral Symmetry, Segmentsp. 54
The Basic Vertebrate Plan: Transverse Divisionsp. 57
Embryological Perspectivesp. 61
Earliest Stages of Mammalian Developmentp. 65
Neural Plate: Central Nervous System Divisionsp. 69
Neural Tube: Transverse Brain Divisionsp. 75
Neural Crest and Placodes: Peripheral Nervous Systemp. 83
Overviewp. 86
Neurogenesis: Longitudinal Divisions, Parts List, and Adult Flatmapp. 89
Generating Neuron Types: Longitudinal Central Nervous System Divisionsp. 90
Generating Gray Matter Regionsp. 94
Macroconnections, Mesoconnections, and Microconnectionsp. 100
A Nervous System Flatmap for Mammalsp. 103
Overview: Parts of the Nervous Systemp. 112
Brain and Behavior: A Four Systems Network Modelp. 115
Reflex and Voluntary Control of Behaviorp. 122
Behavioral State Controlp. 126
Feedbackp. 127
Topography versus Systemsp. 129
Overview: Defining Each Systemp. 130
The Motor System: Coordinating External and Internal Behaviorsp. 135
Motor Neuron Varietiesp. 136
Introduction to the Somatic Motor System: Flexionp. 140
Distribution of Somatic Motor Neuron Poolsp. 142
Central Pattern Generators-Sets of Motor Neuron Poolsp. 148
Pattern Initiators and Controllers: Drive and Motivationp. 156
The Autonomic Motor Systemp. 162
The Neuroendocrine Motor Systemp. 167
The Cerebellum: Motor Coordination and Learningp. 171
Overview: Integration within and between Motor Systemsp. 177
The Behavioral State System: Intrinsic Control of Sleep and Wakefulnessp. 182
Circadian Rhythms: The Day-Night Cyclep. 186
Reproductive Cyclesp. 189
Sleep-Wake Cyclesp. 192
Modulating Behavioral Statep. 193
The Cognitive System: Thinking and Voluntary Control of Behaviorp. 201
Cerebral Cortex Regionalizationp. 203
Cortical Cellular Organizationp. 212
Cortical Outputsp. 218
The Cerebral Nucleip. 219
Triple Caudal (Descending) Projection from Cerebrump. 223
The Sensory System: Inputs from Environment and Bodyp. 230
Evolution and Development of Sensory Neuronsp. 232
Overview of Sensory Neuronsp. 235
Overview of Sensory Pathwaysp. 240
Forebrain Sensory Systems: Olfactory, Visual, Humoral, and Osmoticp. 242
Ganglion Cell Sensory Systems: Submodalitiesp. 247
Affect: Pain and Pleasure, Emotion, and Moodp. 249
Modifiability: Learning, Stress, Cycles, and Damage Repairp. 256
Learning: Changing Synaptic Strengthp. 258
Stress: Biochemical Switchingp. 261
Cycles: Circadian and Reproductivep. 267
Damage Repair: Regrowthp. 268
Genome and Connectomep. 272
Describing Position in the Animal Bodyp. 277
Naming and Classifying Nervous System Partsp. 285
Methods for Analyzing Brain Architecturep. 291
Epigraphsp. 299
Glossaryp. 303
Indexp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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