Catalogue


Hydrogen and fuel cells [electronic resource] : emerging technologies and applications /
Bent Sørensen.
edition
2nd ed.
imprint
Oxford ; Burlington, MA : Academic Press, c2012.
description
xiv, 492 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0123877091, 9780123877093
format(s)
Book
Subjects
More Details
series title
imprint
Oxford ; Burlington, MA : Academic Press, c2012.
isbn
0123877091
9780123877093
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
8203379
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Dr. Bent Srensen is professor emeritus of physics at Roskilde University (Denmark) and president of Novator Advanced Technology Consulting. He has held posts at University of California at Berkeley, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Yale University (USA), as well as Kyoto University (Japan), University of Grenoble (France) and University of New South Wales (Australia). He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the prestigious European Solar Prize.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2006-02-01:
Srrensen (Roskilde Univ., Denmark) in this excellent work analyzes fuel cells and hydrogen as an energy carrier over scores of orders of magnitude, from nanoscale models and scans of molecular systems in the most current developments in bio-hydrogen production, to global-scale implementation scenarios and social implications looking into the future. At a technological level, this is one of the best fuel cell and hydrogen books this reviewer has seen--up-to-date, detailed, and thorough. This is not a primer on fuel cells and hydrogen; it is an advanced scholarly condensation of the latest in research, applications, and diffusion of hydrogen-based energy supply systems. The book can be used as an advanced (graduate level, physics, or engineering) course resource, as it includes problems and discussion topics at chapter ends. It is also an important reference for the hydrogen laboratory or research center. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Graduate students; faculty; researchers; professionals. S. R. Walk Maine Maritime Academy
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
This text not only describes the 'how' and 'where' aspects of hydrogen fuels cells usage, but also the obstacles and benefits of its use, as well as the social implications. Written by a researcher in energy systems, this thoroughly illustrated and cross-referenced book is an ideal reference for researchers in the field of renewable energy.
Main Description
A hydrogen economy, in which this one gas provides the source of all energy needs, is often touted as the long-term solution to the environmental and security problems associated with fossil fuels. However, before hydrogen can be used as fuel on a global scale we must establish cost effective means of producing, storing, and distributing the gas, develop cost efficient technologies for converting hydrogen to electricity (e.g. fuel cells), and creating the infrastructure to support all this. Sorensen is the only text available that provides up to date coverage of all these issues at a level appropriate for the technical reader. The book not only describes the "how" and "where" aspects of hydrogen fuels cells usage, but also the obstacles and benefits of its use, as well as the social implications (both economically and environmental). Written by a world-renowned researcher in energy systems, this thoroughly illustrated and cross-referenced book is an excellent reference for researchers, professionals and students in the field of renewable energy. Updated sections on PEM fuel cells, Molten carbonate cells, Solid Oxide cells and Biofuel cellsUpdated materialto reflect the growing commercial acceptance of stationary and portable fuel cell systems, while also recognizing the ongoing research in automotive fuel cell systemsAnew example of a regional system based on renewable energy sources reflects the growing international attention to uses of renewable energy as part of the energy gridExamples of life cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts
Main Description
A hydrogen economy, in which this one gas provides the source of all energy needs, is often touted as the long-term solution to the environmental and security problems associated with fossil fuels. However, before hydrogen can be used as fuel on a global scale we must establish cost effective means of producing, storing, and distributing the gas, develop cost efficient technologies for converting hydrogen to electricity (e.g. fuel cells), and creating the infrastructure to support all this. Sorensen is the only text available that provides up to date coverage of all these issues at a level appropriate for the technical reader. The book not only describes the "how" and "where" aspects of hydrogen fuels cells usage, but also the obstacles and benefits of its use, as well as the social implications (both economically and environmental). Written by a world-renowned researcher in energy systems, this thoroughly illustrated and cross-referenced book is an excellent reference for researchers, professionals and students in the field of renewable energy. Updated sections on PEM fuel cells, Molten carbonate cells, Solid Oxide cells and Biofuel cells Updated material to reflect the growing commercial acceptance of stationary and portable fuel cell systems, while also recognizing the ongoing research in automotive fuel cell systems A new example of a regional system based on renewable energy sources reflects the growing international attention to uses of renewable energy as part of the energy grid Examples of life cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts
Main Description
Hydrogen has often been considered as a long-term solution to the environmental and security problems associated with fossil fuels. However, before hydrogen can be used as fuel on a global scale, we must establish cost-effective means of producing, storing, and distributing it. Hydrogen and Fuel Cells is the only text available that explores the economic and environmental implications of utilizing hydrogen in energy applications, while providing up-to-date coverage of conversion, transmission and storage technologies. It describes in detail the techniques associated with hydrogen and fuel cell systems at a level suited for both academic and professional use. This new edition of renewable energy pioneer Bent Sorensen's practical reference is updated to cover the recent developments in fuel cells being driven by increasing commercialization. It features expanded coverage of hybrid systems combining battery and fuel cell technologies to achieve performance and economic viability not obtainable by either power source alone. Supported by detailed illustrations and extensive references, Hydrogen and Fuel Cells provides the pivotal information needed to gain a thorough understanding of how these efficient energy sources can provide clean power for heat, electricity and transportation. Book jacket.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. v
Contentsp. vii
Units and conversion factorsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
Possible role of fuel cells and hydrogenp. 1
Hydrogenp. 5
Production of hydrogenp. 5
Steam reformingp. 6
Partial oxidation, autothermal and dry reformingp. 10
Water electrolysis: reverse fuel cell operationp. 11
Gasification and woody biomass conversionp. 21
Biological hydrogen productionp. 26
Photosynthesis, Bio-hydrogen production pathways, Hydrogen production by purple bacteria, Fermentation and other processes in the dark, Industrial-scale production of bio-hydrogen
Photodissociationp. 43
Direct thermal or catalytic splitting of waterp. 50
Issues related to scale of productionp. 51
Centralised hydrogen productionp. 51
Distributed hydrogen productionp. 52
Vehicle on-board fuel reformingp. 52
Production of methanol, Methanol-to-hydrogen conversion
Hydrogen conversion overviewp. 59
Uses as an energy carrierp. 59
Uses, as an energy storage mediump. 60
Combustion usesp. 60
Stationary fuel cell usesp. 64
Fuel cell uses for transportationp. 64
Direct usesp. 64
Hydrogen storage optionsp. 65
Compressed gas storagep. 66
Liquid hydrogen storagep. 70
Hydride storagep. 71
Chemical thermodynamics, Metal hydrides, Complex hydrides, Modelling metal hydrides Cryo-adsorbed gas storage in carbon materialsp. 89
Other chemical storage optionsp. 90
Comparing storage optionsp. 90
Hydrogen transmissionp. 92
Container transportp. 92
Pipeline transportp. 93
Problems and discussion topicsp. 94
Fuel cellsp. 95
Basic conceptsp. 95
Electrochemistry and thermodynamics of fuel cellsp. 95
Electrochemical device definitions, Fuel cells
Modelling aspectsp. 106
Quantum chemistry approachesp. 111
Hartree-Fock approximation, Basis sets and molecular orbitals, Higher interactions and excited states: Møller-Plesset perturbation theory or density function phenome-nological approach ?
Application to water splitting or fuel cell performance at a metal surfacep. 122
Flow and diffusion modellingp. 135
The temperature factorp. 139
Molten carbonate cellsp. 140
Solid oxide cellsp. 143
Acid and alkaline cellsp. 158
Proton exchange membrane cellsp. 163
Current collectors and gas delivery systemp. 165
Gas diffusion layersp. 169
Membrane layerp. 175
Catalyst actionp. 181
Overall performancep. 186
High-temperature and reverse operationp. 187
Degradation and lifetimep. 190
Direct methanol and other non-hydrogen cellsp. 191
Biofuel cellsp. 197
Problems and discussion topicsp. 200
Systemsp. 201
Passenger carsp. 201
Overall system options for passenger carsp. 201
PEM fuel cell carsp. 204
Performance simulationp. 207
Other road vehiclesp. 225
Ships, trains and airplanesp. 228
Power plants and stand-alone systemsp. 233
Building-integrated systemsp. 236
Portable and other small-scale systemsp. 240
Problems and discussion topicsp. 244
Implementation scenariosp. 245
Infrastructure requirementsp. 245
Storage infrastructurep. 245
Transmission infrastructurep. 248
Local distributionp. 249
Filling stationsp. 250
Building-integrated conceptsp. 25l
Safety and norm issuesp. 252
Safety concernsp. 252
Safety requirementsp. 255
National and international standardsp. 259
Scenarios based on fossil energyp. 260
Scenario techniques and demand modellingp. 260
Global clean fossil scenariop. 270
Clean fossil technologies, Fossil resource considerations, The fossil scenario, Evaluation of the clean fossil scenario
Scenarios based on nuclear energyp. 294
History and present concernsp. 294
Safe nuclear technologiesp. 297
Inherently safe designs, Technical details of energy amplifier, Nuclear resources assessment, Safe nuclear scenario construction, Evaluation of the safe nuclear scenario
Scenarios based on renewable energyp. 317
Global renewable energy scenariosp. 318
Detailed national renewable energy scenariop. 323
Danish energy demand in 2050, Available renewable resources, Construction of 2050 scenarios for Denmark, Centralised scenario, Decentralised scenario, Assessment of renewable energy scenarios
New regional scenariosp. 353
Problems and discussion topicsp. 359
Social implicationsp. 361
Cost expectationsp. 361
Hydrogen production costsp. 361
Fuel cell costsp. 362
Hydrogen storage costsp. 368
Infrastructure costsp. 368
System costsp. 369
Life-cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts 372
Purpose and methodology of life-cycle analysisp. 373
Life-cycle analysis of hydrogen productionp. 375
Conventional production by steam reforming, Production by electrolysis, Direct bio-production of hydrogen from cyanobacteria or algae, Impacts from use of genetically engineered organisms, Hydrogen from fermentation of biomass
Life-cycle analysis of fuel cellsp. 381
SOFCs and MCFCs, PEM fuel cells
Life-cycle comparison of conventional passenger car and passenger car with fuel cellsp. 384
Environmental impact analysis, Social and economic impact analysis, Overall assessment
Life-cycle assessment of other vehicles for transportationp. 396
Life-cycle assessment of hydrogen storage and infrastructurep. 398
Life-cycle assessment of hydrogen systemsp. 399
Uncertaintiesp. 400
Problems and discussion topicsp. 401
Conclusion: a conditional outcomep. 403
Opportunitiesp. 403
Obstaclesp. 405
The competitionp. 407
The way forwardp. 417
Hydrogen storage in renewable energy systemsp. 417
Fuel cell vehiclesp. 418
Building-integrated fuel cellsp. 420
Fuel cells in portable equipmentp. 421
Fuel cells in centralised power productionp. 422
Efficiency considerationsp. 423
How much time do we have?p. 428
The end, and a beginningp. 432
Referencesp. 435
Indexp. 483
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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