Catalogue


The race to commercialize biotechnology [electronic resource] : molecules, markets, and the state in the United States and Japan /
Steven W. Collins.
imprint
London ; New York : RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.
description
xvi, 191 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0415283396
format(s)
Book
More Details
imprint
London ; New York : RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.
isbn
0415283396
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
catalogue key
8044027
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [156]-181) and index.
A Look Inside
Summaries
Back Cover Copy
This comparative study looks at the early development of biotechnology in the US and Japan. Drawing on primary and secondary sources it traces the historical roots of recombinant DNA technology, discusses the tensions between regulation and promotional policies and identifies the major actors and strategies that launched biotechnology in both countries. Developing several strands of theory in economic history, science and technology policy, the book proposes a simple model that relates the differences in the two countries' responses to variations in the availability of institutional, financial and organizational resources needed to commercialize the new technology.
Bowker Data Service Summary
Drawing on primary and secondary sources, this book traces the historical roots of recombinant DNA technology, discusses the tensions between regulation and promotional policies and identifies the major actors and strategies that launched biotechnology in both the United States and Japan.
Main Description
In the early 1970s the demonstration of recombinant DNA offered new possibilities for making drugs and other products. Entrepreneurs in the US responded almost immediately, forming dedicated companies to commercialize the new technology. Prospective Japanese entrepreneurs, however, faced imposing regulatory hurdles and a drug pricing system that deterred entry into pharmaceutical applications. Consequently, US entrepreneurs raced ahead, establishing a lead that Japan has never been able to fully close. This comparative study looks at the early development of biotechnology in the US and Japan. Drawing on primary and secondary sources it traces the historical roots of recombinant DNA technology, discusses the tensions between regulation and promotional policies and identifies the major actors and strategies that launched biotechnology in both countries. Developing several strands of theory in economic history, science and technology policy, the book proposes a simple model that relates the differences in thetow countries rezones to variations in the availability of institutional, financial and organizational resources needed to commercialize the new technology. Written in an accessible style, this book is designed for those with research interests in Asian Studies, Public Policy and Comparative Politics as well as Science and Technology.
Short Annotation
This comparative study looks at the early development of biotechnology in the US and Japan.
Table of Contents
Introduction
The Approach
National Innovation Systems and Biotechnology
The Market for Biotechnology
Products
A Road Map
References
Firms, Technological Regimes, and National Innovation Systems
Introduction
The Firm as Innovator
Technological Regimes and Trajectories
Biotechnology and the National Innovation System
Putting it all Together
References
Biotechnology and National Innovation Systems in the US and Japan
Industry
Research Infrastructure
Public Policy
Conclusions
References
The Emergence of Commercial Biotechnology in the US
Introduction
Institutional Formation and Knowledge Creation
Knowledge Enhancement (1976-1983)
Commercial Take-Off (1983-1900s)
Conclusions
References
The Emergence of Commercial Biotechnology
Introduction
The Origins of Japan's Bioindustry
Biotechnology Fever hits Japan
From Bio-Boom to Bio-Reality: Alliances Strategies and the Shift from Basic Research (1985-Present)
Conclusions
Endnotes
Conclusions
Summary
Biotechnology in the US and Japan
Concluding Thoughts
References
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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