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Orphan warriors : three Manchu generations and the end of the Qing world /
Pamela Kyle Crossley.
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1990.
xi, 305 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
0691055831 (alk. paper) :
More Details
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1990.
0691055831 (alk. paper) :
general note
Includes index.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Pamela Kyle Crossley is Assistant Professor of History at Dartmouth College
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1990-07:
Until recently, writings focused on the Qing empire assumed that the Manchu rulers of China were "sinicized" during the period from 1644 to 1911. Crossley (Dartmouth College) questions the validity of this idea. In a sophisticated and probing study, she points to three separate Manchu communities: the one centered around the court at Beijing; the homeland in the Northeast; and the bannermen garrisons scattered geographically throughout the empire. Their situations and responses to Chinese culture were far from identical. Crossley devotes much attention to the Manchu bannermen in the garrison communities. Following several generations of the Suwan Guwalgiya family of Hangzhou, and especially the career of Jinliang who lived from 1878 to 1962, Crossley traces the evolution of Manchu identity. She points out that a sense of racial identity was a relatively new concept to the Manchus, but later events would change this. The Qianlong emperor Hongli's emphasis on manjurarengge or "Manchuness," the Taiping Rebellion, and the 1911 Revolution all helped to forge an ethnic consciousness as reflected in the neologism manzu or "Manchu race." This is a pioneering work that draws from Chinese, Manchu, Japanese, Russian, and Western sources. It also has excellent summaries of the Opium War, the Boxer Rebellion, and the Empress Dowager or Xiaoqin. College, university, and public libraries. -F. Ng, California State University, Fresno
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, July 1990
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Main Description
In the mid-1600s, Manchu bannermen spearheaded the military force that conquered China and founded the Qing Empire, which endured until 1912. By the end of the Taiping War in 1864, however, the descendants of these conquering people were coming to terms with a loss of legal definition, an ever-steeper decline in living standards, and a sense of abandonment by the Qing court. Focusing on three generations of a Manchu family (from 1750 to the 1930s), Orphan Warriors is the first attempt to understand the social and cultural life of the bannermen within the context of the decay of the Qing regime. The book reveals that the Manchus were not "sinicized," but that they were growing in consciousness of their separate ethnicity in response to changes in their own position and in Chinese attitudes toward them. Pamela Kyle Crossley's treatment of the Suwan Guwalgiya family of Hangzhou is hinged upon Jinliang (1878-1962), who was viewed at various times as a progressive reformer, a promising scholar, a bureaucratic hack, a traitor, and a relic. The author sees reflected in the ambiguities of his persona much of the plight of other Manchus as they were transformed from a conquering caste to an ethnic minority. Throughout Crossley explores the relationships between cultural decline and cultural survival, polity and identity, ethnicity and the disintegration of empires, all of which frame much of our understanding of the origins of the modern world.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Conventionsp. xiii
Introductionp. 3
Part 1
Peace and Crisisp. 13
The Suwan Guwalgiyap. 31
The Hangzhou Garrisonsp. 47
Guanchengp. 77
Sir Nanchuanp. 77
The Honor of Zhapup. 100
Fengruip. 119
The Volunteerp. 119
The Enclave of Gods and Ghostsp. 138
Jinliangp. 162
Body and Soulp. 162
Favorable Treatmentp. 187
Conclusionp. 215
Source Abbreviationsp. 229
Notesp. 231
Select Bibliographyp. 277
Indexp. 293
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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