Catalogue


Assessing the effects of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill on human health : a summary of the June 2010 workshop /
Margaret A. McCoy and Judith A. Salerno, rapporteurs ; Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
imprint
Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, c2010.
description
xvi, 183 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
0309157811, 9780309157810
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, c2010.
isbn
0309157811
9780309157810
contents note
Overview -- Introduction -- At-risk populations and routes of exposure -- Short- and long-term effects on human health -- Communicating with the public -- Overview of health monitoring activities : state and federal perspectives -- Data-collection, surveillance, and research methodologies -- Developing effective surveillance and monitoring systems : future directions and resource needs -- Appendix A: References -- Appendix B: Bibliography of related National Academies Press reports -- Appendix C: Workshop agenda -- Appendix D: Public questions and comments -- Appendix E: Speaker biographies.
general note
"This study was supported by Contract No. HHSO100201000001E between the National Academy of Sciences and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority"--T.p. verso.
abstract
A workshop was held June 22-23, 2010, in New Orleans, Louisiana, with the name: Assessing the Human Health Effects of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill. This document summarizes the background, presentations, discussions, and public comments that occurred during the workshop.
catalogue key
7672468
 
Also available online in Open Book format.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 137-148).
A Look Inside
Summaries
Description for Bookstore
From the origin of the leak, to the amount of oil released into the environment, to the spill's duration, the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill poses unique challenges to human health. The risks associated with extensive, prolonged use of dispersants, with oil fumes, and with particulate matter from controlled burns are also uncertain. There have been concerns about the extent to which hazards, such as physical and chemical exposures and social and economic disruptions, will impact the overall health of people who live and work near the area of the oil spill. Although studies of previous oil spills provide some basis for identifying and mitigating the human health effects of these exposures, the existing data are insufficient to fully understand and predict the overall impact of hazards from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on the health of workers, volunteers, residents, visitors, and special populations. Assessing the Effects of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill on Human Health identifies populations at increased risks for adverse health effects and explores effective communication strategies to convey health information to these at-risk populations. The book also discusses the need for appropriate surveillance systems to monitor the spill's potential short- and long-term health effects on affected communities and individuals. Assessing the Effects of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill on Human Health is a useful resource that can help policy makers, public health officials, academics, community advocates, scientists, and members of the public collaborate to create a monitoring and surveillance system that results in "actionable" information and that identifies emerging health risks in specific populations.
Description for Bookstore
The 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill is unique in its magnitude, its duration, and in the complexity of its assessment. From the origin of the leak, to the amount of oil released into the environment, to the spill's duration, the Gulf oil spill poses unique challenges to human health. The risks associated with extensive, prolonged use of dispersants, with oil fumes, and with particulate matter from controlled burns are also uncertain. There have been concerns about the extent to which hazards, such as physical and chemical exposures and social and economic disruptions, will impact the overall health of people who live and work near the area of the oil spill. Although studies of previous oil spills provide some basis for identifying and mitigating the human health effects of these exposures, the existing data are insufficient to fully understand and predict the overall impact of hazards from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on the health of workers, volunteers, residents, visitors, and special populations. Assessing the Effects of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill on Human Health identifies populations at increased risks for adverse health effects and explores effective communication strategies to convey health information to these at-risk populations. The book also discusses the need for appropriate surveillance systems to monitor the spill's potential short- and long-term health effects on affected communities and individuals. Assessing the Effects of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill on Human Health is a useful resource that can help policy makers, public health officials, academics, community advocates, scientists, and members of the public collaborate to create a monitoring and surveillance system that results in "actionable" information and that identifies emerging health risks in specific populations.
Table of Contents
Overviewp. 1
Introductionp. 11
Workshop Backgroundp. 11
The Compelling Need to Understand the Potential Effects of Oil Spills on Human Healthp. 19
At-Risk Populations and Routes of Exposurep. 29
Populations of Concern: Different Exposures, Different Risksp. 30
Occupational Risks and Health Hazards: Workers and Volunteersp. 32
Assessing and Preventing Exposure Across Populationsp. 35
Of People and Pelicans: A Local Perspective on the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spillp. 36
Questions and Comments from the Audiencep. 38
Short-and Long-Term Effects on Human Healthp. 43
Potential Short- and Long-Term Physical Effectsp. 44
Potential Short- and Long-Term Psychological Effectsp. 60
Questions and Comments from the Audiencep. 68
Communicating with the Publicp. 75
Engaging the Public, Protecting the Healthp. 76
Community Perspectivesp. 80
Open Dialogue with the Audiencep. 83
Overview of Health-Monitoring Activities: State and Federal Perspectivesp. 87
State Responsesp. 87
Panel Discussionp. 96
Federal Responsep. 97
Data-Collection, Surveillance, and Research Methodologiesp. 105
Public Health Surveillance in Emergency Response Settings: Lessons Learned from 9/11 and Other Disastersp. 107
An Overview of Methodologies and Data Sources for Use in Health Surveillance and Environmental Monitoring Activitiesp. 110
Assessing the Health Effects of the Gulf Oil Spill: Data Sourcesp. 112
Mental Health Research and Screening Methodologiesp. 113
Information Infrastructure for Detecting and Managing Health Effects of the Oil Spill: Learning from the Past, Planning for the Futurep. 115
Reflections on Surveillancep. 118
Questions and Comments from the Audiencep. 119
Developing Effective Surveillance and Monitoring Systems: Future Directions and Resource Needsp. 123
Suggested Dimensions and Components of a Surveillance Frameworkp. 124
Major Overarching Themes of Workshop Discussions: Principles of a Framework for Surveillancep. 126
Appendixes
Referencesp. 137
Bibliography of Related National Academies Press Reportsp. 143
Workshop Agendap. 149
Public Questions and Commentsp. 157
Speaker Biographiesp. 165
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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