Catalogue


The Arjān tomb : at the crossroads of the Elamite and the Persian empires /
by Javier Álvarez-Mon.
imprint
Leuven : Peeters, 2010.
description
xii, 352 p., 117 p. of plates : ill., maps ; 25 cm.
ISBN
9789042922006
format(s)
Thesis
Holdings
More Details
series title
series title
imprint
Leuven : Peeters, 2010.
isbn
9789042922006
dissertation note
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2006.
catalogue key
7380719
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [293]-330) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Javier lvarez-Mon, a native of Spain, holds degrees in art history, religions, and Near Eastern art and archaeology, from the cole du Louvre (Paris), the Graduate Theological Union and Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley, and the University of California at Berkeley. Former Postdoctoral Research Fellow of The University of Sydney (Australia) he is currently Lecturer in Near Eastern Archaeology at the School of Philosophical and Historical Inquiry, The University of Sydney.
Summaries
Long Description
This book is based on a study of the archaeological evidence derived from the Arjan tomb, an undisturbed elite burial found in 1982 near the town of Behbahan in south-western Iran. The fact that this burial can be confidently dated to ca. 600-550 BC presents an exceptional opportunity to reassess former views regarding the survival of Elamite traditions and the emergence of the Persian Empire. It is within this general framework that the fortuitous discovery of the Arjan tomb emerges as potentially one of the major archaeological discoveries of recent times. The present study offers a comprehensive analysis of the artistic and historical characteristics of the late Neo-Elamite period, and, by the same token, provides a new foundation for the genesis of the art of the Achaemenid Persian Empire.
Long Description
This book is based on a study of the archaeological evidence deriving from the Arjan tomb, an undisturbed elite burial found in 1982 near the town of Behbahan in south-western Iran. The fact that this burial can be confidently dated to ca. 600-550 BC presents an exceptional opportunity to reassess former views regarding the survival of Elamite traditions and the emergence of the Persian Empire. It is within this general framework that the fortuitous discovery of the Arjan tomb emerges as potentially one of the major archaeological discoveries of recent times. The present study offers a comprehensive analysis of the artistic and historical characteristics of the late Neo-Elamite period, and, by the same token, provides a new foundation for the genesis of the art of the Achaemenid Persian Empire.
Table of Contents
Table of Contentsp. VII
Preface and Acknowledgementsp. XI
Introduction and Historical Considerationsp. 1
Geographical Considerationsp. 4
Chronological Considerationsp. 8
The Arjan Tomb
The Archaeology of Death and Burialp. 11
Arjanp. 13
Historical Identityp. 14
Archaeological Surveysp. 15
Arjan and Hidalup. 16
Excavations in and Around the Burial Chamberp. 20
The Burial Chamber: Typology ad Analysisp. 20
The U-Shaped Bathtub Coffinp. 23
The Skeletonp. 29
Objects Inside the Coffin
Cotton Textiles and Golden Bracteatesp. 30
Context of the Findp. 30
Cotton Textiles from Arjanp. 31
Production and Manufacture of Cotton Textilesp. 33
On the Origin and the Spread of Cottonp. 34
Cotton in the Neo-Elamite Periodp. 38
Gulf trade: Elam and the Island of Dilmunp. 41
Golden Bracteatesp. 43
Golden ôSkyö Garmentsp. 43
Notes on Neo-Elamite Elite Garments and Head-dressesp. 46
Kul-e Farah I: Hanni ôlordö of Aiapirp. 47
Kul-e Farah III and VI: Platform Bearersp. 50
Eastern Elam: Naq¿-e Rustamp. 57
The stele of King Atta-hamiti-In¿u ¿inakp. 63
Assyrian and Persian contextsp. 65
Te'umman (664?-653 BC)p. 66
Humban-halta¿ III (648?-645?)p. 67
Pasargadaep. 68
Commentary: The Significance of the Arjan Textilesp. 70
The Golden Ringp. 72
The Gold Ringp. 73
Technical Notesp. 73
Additional Elamite ôRingsöp. 74
The Function of the Elamite ôRingsöp. 75
Description and Art Historical Analysesp. 77
Stylistic and Iconographic Analysesp. 78
Structure of the Compositionp. 87
Commentary on Stylistic and Iconographic Analogiesp. 90
Nimrud and the Assyrian Connectionp. 90
The Zagros Mountains Connectionp. 91
Susa and the Elamite Connectionp. 92
The Griffin in the Arts of the 1st Millennium BCp. 99
The Lion-Headed and Eagle-Headed Griffin in Mesopotamiap. 101
The Lion-Headed and Eagle-Headed Griffin in Elamp. 105
The Spade, the Wedge, and the Griffin: Notes on Late Neo-Elamite Religionp. 109
The Lion-Headed Griffin and the Eagle-Headed Griffin in Persiap. 114
The Daggerp. 119
The Silver Tubep. 120
Objects Outside the Coffin
The Arjan Bowlp. 122
Main Characteristicsp. 122
Register Vp. 124
Register IVp. 130
Registers III and IIp. 134
Register I: Running Lions and Bullsp. 138
Center: The Rosettep. 139
The Significance of the Arjan Bowlp. 140
The Stand Candelabrp. 144
The Arjan Candelabrum: Stylistic Analysisp. 144
The Structure of the Stand Candelabrump. 148
The significance of the Stand Candelabrump. 149
The Beakerp. 150
The Arjan Beakerp. 150
The Upper Section: Ostrichesp. 151
The Lower Section: Lionsp. 154
Interpretation: Determining a Cultural Context for Lion-headed Beakersp. 159
The Silver Jarp. 162
The Bronze Jarp. 164
The Bronze Lampp. 164
Bronze Chalicesp. 165
Objects from Outside the Tomb
Stone Bowlp. 166
Inscribed Clay Tabletp. 166
The Historical Context of the Arjan Tomb
Foreign Sourcesp. 170
Assyria and Elamp. 170
Assyrian Palace Reliefs: the Elamite Presencep. 177
Babylonia and Elamp. 183
The Hebrew Bible and Elamp. 186
Highland Zagros Populations and Elamp. 189
Urartu and Elamp. 190
The Medesp. 193
The Kingdom of Ellipip. 195
Autochthonous Elamite Sources
Textual Evidencep. 197
Economic and administrative tablets from Susap. 197
The Ururu Bronze Plaque of Persepolisp. 199
The 'Nineveh' Lettersp. 200
The 'Hanniö inscription from Izeh/Malamirp. 201
¿utur-Nahhunte's Inscribed Stone Hornsp. 203
Halluta¿-In¿u¿inak's Inscribed Knobp. 203
The Atta-hamiti-In¿u¿inak Stelep. 204
The Kalmakarrah Inscriptionsp. 205
Summaryp. 206
Archaeological Evidencep. 206
Lorestanp. 207
Patak and Deh Loranp. 212
Susap. 213
Archaeological Sequencesp. 215
Late Neo-Elamite Faïence Waresp. 218
The Neo-Elamite Palaces of the Apadanap. 223
Izeh/Malamirp. 232
Ram Hormuzp. 232
Fahliyan and Nurabadp. 233
Farsp. 233
Artistic Evidencep. 235
Architectural remainsp. 236
Vitreous Industriesp. 237
Glyptic Artsp. 262
Sculptural Arts from the Elamite Highlandsp. 264
The Arjan Tomb in Historical Context
Dating the Tomb at Arjanp. 271
The Arjan Artistic Schoolp. 274
The Art of the Late Neo-Elamite Periodp. 278
Concluding Remarks: the End of the Elamite Empirep. 282
Abbreviations and Text Siglap. 287
Referencesp. 293
List of Platesp. 331
Indexp. 343
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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