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Germans on welfare [electronic resource] : from Weimar to Hitler /
David F. Crew.
imprint
New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
description
xiii, 287 p. : maps
ISBN
0195053117 (Cloth)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
isbn
0195053117 (Cloth)
restrictions
Licensed for access by U. of T. users.
general note
Title from e-book title screen (viewed October 15, 2007).
catalogue key
7372306
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 267-275) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 1998-11:
Crew's intimate portrait of Weimar Germany's public welfare system is one of good intentions gone awry. Efforts of the new socialist government to address the deficiencies of the system it inherited from the Imperial era and to assuage the misery of citizens in the wake of WW I and economic dislocation were ultimately stymied by several intractable issues: competing views held by private religious welfare organizations and the secular state regarding the function and intent of public assistance, the bureaucratization of social work, and the increasing influence of rationalization. Using individual case studies compiled by social workers from Hamburg, W"urttemberg, and the Rhineland, Crew paints an overwhelmingly depressing picture of Germany's laboring classes oppressed by the very institution intended to relieve their misery. The Weimar government's handling or rather mishandling of public welfare, Crew suggests, led increasingly to discontent among those groups whose plight it had hoped to mitigate and thereby hampered its ability to withstand the Nazi challenge. Well-documented, with particularly useful chapters on gender and the representation of motherhood, Crew's book is important reading for upper-division undergraduates and above. M. Shevin-Coetzee; George Washington University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"Crew has compiled a broad assortment of primary sources to give readers a glimpse into Germany under Hitler.... An extensive bibliography, divided by topic, and a list of Web sites offer many good choices for further information."--School Library Journal
"Crew has compiled a broad assortment of primary sources to give readers aglimpse into Germany under Hitler.... An extensive bibliography, divided bytopic, and a list of Web sites offer many good choices for furtherinformation."--School Library Journal
"...the latest and [one] of the most impressive contributions to the burgeoning field of the history of German social welfare."--Central European History "This is a first-rate manuscript, based on extensive and extraordinarily dense archival research, with a strong and appropriate sense of the prevailing historiographical and conceptual/theoretical questions for this period of German history, by one of the leading German historians in the United States...This book has been well worth waiting for, and will certainly have a major impact on the field."--Geoff Eley, Department of History, University of Michigan "A major study on the Weimar Republic and on how millions of destitute Germans fared on welfare prior to the rise of Hitler. The author richly details the experiences of men and women at the grass-roots level of society, but also looks at their interaction with the policy-making authorities at the top. Methodologically innovative, this book will serve as a model for a new integrated socio-political history of modern industrial societies."--Volker Berghahn, Columbia University "David Crew has produced an original and important contribution to the growing literature on welfare policy and politics in interwar Germany....[His] rich reconstruction of individual experience shows the independence and agency of those dependent on the state, and it illustrates the complex relationship of political affiliation and welfare politics."--Journal of Modern History "Crew pays special attention to various groups... - women, the elderly, schoolchildren - and through an examination of the welfare state's policy towards them sheds light on a hitherto unexplored facet of German inter-war history."--Bulletin of the Institute of Holocaust Research
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, November 1998
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
This study of the welfare system in the Weimar Republic adopts a "history of everyday life" approach, showing ordinary Germans' daily experience with the welfare state.
Long Description
ermans on Welfare is a comprehensive study of the welfare system in the Weimar Republic. Adopting a "history of everyday life" perspective, David Crew examines not only high-level policy and debate, but also ordinary Germans' daily experiences and encounters with the welfare state, upon which millions depended for their livelihood. Crew ultimately shows why the collapse of the welfare system, one of the pillars of the Weimar social republic, led so quickly to the Nazi racial state in the years after 1933.
Long Description
The welfare state was one of the pillars of the Weimar Republic. The Weimar experiment in democracy depended to no small degree upon the welfare system's ability to give German citizens at least a fundamental level of material and mental security in the face of the new risks to which they had been exposed by the effects of the lost war, revolution, and inflation. But the problems of the postwar period meant that, even in its best years, the Weimar welfare state was dangerously overburdened. The onset of the Depression and the growth of mass unemployment after 1929 destroyed republican democracy and the welfare state upon which it was based. On the ruins of Weimars social republic, the Nazis built a murderous racial state. Existing work on the Weimar welfare state concentrates largely on the discussions of social reformers, welfare experts, feminists, and the laws and institutions that their debates produced. Yet the Weimar welfare state was not simply the product of discourse and discursive struggles; it was also constructed and re-produced by the daily interactions of hard-pressed officials and impatient, often desperate clients. Adopting a "history of everyday life" perspective, Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler, 1919-1935 shows how welfare discourse and policy were translated into welfare practices by local officials and appropriated, contested, or re-negotiated by millions of welfare clients.
Main Description
Adopting a "history of everyday life" perspective, Crew shows how welfare discourse and policy were translated into welfare practices by local officials and appropriated, contested, or re-negotiated by millions of welfare clients during the inter-war period.
Main Description
Existing work on the Weimar welfare state concentrates largely on the discussions of social reformers, welfare experts, feminists, and the l aws and institutions that their debates produced. Yet the Weimar welfa re state was not simply the product of discourse and discursive strugg les; it was also constructed and re-produced by the daily interactions of hard-pressed officials and impatient, often desperate clients. Ado pting a "history of everyday life" perspective, Germans on Welfare: Fr om Weimar to Hitler, 1919-1935 shows how welfare discourse and policy were translated into welfare practices by local officials and appropri ated, contested, or re-negotiated by millions of welfare clients.
Main Description
The welfare state was one of the pillars of the Weimar Republic. The Weimar experiment in democracy depended to no small degree upon the welfare system's ability to give German citizens at least a fundamental level of material and mental security in the face of the new risks to which they hadbeen exposed by the effects of the lost war, revolution, and inflation. But the problems of the postwar period meant that, even in its best years, the Weimar welfare state was dangerously overburdened. The onset of the Depression and the growth of mass unemployment after 1929 destroyed republicandemocracy and the welfare state upon which it was based. On the ruins of Weimars social republic, the Nazis built a murderous racial state. Existing work on the Weimar welfare state concentrates largely on the discussions of social reformers, welfare experts, feminists, and the laws and institutions that their debates produced. Yet the Weimar welfare state was not simply the product of discourse and discursive struggles; it was alsoconstructed and re-produced by the daily interactions of hard-pressed officials and impatient, often desperate clients. Adopting a "history of everyday life" perspective, Germans on Welfare: From Weimar to Hitler, 1919-1935 shows how welfare discourse and policy were translated into welfarepractices by local officials and appropriated, contested, or re-negotiated by millions of welfare clients.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introduction the Meaning of the German Welfare Statep. 3
Religion, Socialism, and State Welfare in the Weimar Republicp. 16
the Welfare System in the Neighborhoods: Professionals and Volunteersp. 32
the Gender of Welfare: Women and Social Workp. 47
Becoming a Welfare Clientp. 67
Pensioners in the Welfare Systemp. 89
Weimar Women on Welfarep. 116
the State as Parent?: Youth Welfare and German Familiesp. 137
the Weimar Welfare State's Last Crisis, 1929-1933p. 152
Hungry and Homeless in the Depressionp. 166
""""Welfare is the Preservation of Labor Power"""": Unemployment and Work Reliefp. 188
Conclusion: Toward the Nazi Racial Statep. 204
Notesp. 217
Bibliographyp. 267
Indexp. 277
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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