Catalogue


Substance use among migrants : the case of Iranians in Belgium /
Marjolein Muys.
imprint
Brussel : Vubpress, c2009.
description
192 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
905487564X, 9789054875642
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
series title
imprint
Brussel : Vubpress, c2009.
isbn
905487564X
9789054875642
catalogue key
7305109
 
Includes bibliographical references.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Marjolein Muys is Master in Philosophy and PhD in Criminology. Employed at the Institute for Social Drug Research (University of Ghent), she has been researching aspects of drugs use for several years, with a particular interest in drug research methodologies, migration issues and the (controlled) use of cannabis and cocaine.
Summaries
Main Description
Based on participant observations and open interviews with 129 Iranian migrants in Belgium, this study provides information on both pre- and post-migration patterns of drug use among this population. Covering a wide range of substances--including opium, tobacco, and alcohol--consumed by Iranians from pre-Islamic times to present day, this resource illustrates how different cultures have defined drugs across the ages. Showing how the issue of drug use among migrants is more complex than once thought, this is one of the first studies to look at drug abuse among migrants from a paradigm other than a medical one.
Main Description
Based on participant observations and open interviews with 129 Iranian migrants in Belgium, this study provides information on both pre- and post-migration patterns of drug use among this population. Covering a wide range of substancesincluding opium, tobacco, and alcoholconsumed by Iranians from pre-Islamic times to present day, this resource illustrates how different cultures have defined drugs across the ages. Showing how the issue of drug use among migrants is more complex than once thought, this is one of the first studies to look at drug abuse among migrants from a paradigm other than a medical one.
Main Description
Research on substance use among newcomers in Western countries has long been dominated by the medical paradigm. Their drug consumption has been generally conceptualised as a means of self-medicating migration-related problems. However, this qualitative study among the Iranian community in Belgium shows that migrant substance use is more complex. Changing (social) circumstances after migration create new contexts of use. Through mechanisms of social exchange, people may get acquainted with new substances, new routes of ingestion or new motives for substance use.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgementsp. 5
Table of contentsp. 7
p. 11
Introductionp. 11
Research problemp. 11
Research questionsp. 12
Results of previous studiesp. 13
Migration policyp. 17
Availabilityp. 20
Controlp. 20
Acculturationp. 21
Context of this study: migration policy in Belgiump. 23
History of Belgian migration policyp. 23
The Asylum crisis (2000)p. 24
Reform (2006)p. 24
Case-by-case regularisationp. 26
p. 29
Theoretical background and methodological statementp. 29
Theoretical backgroundp. 29
A social constructivist view on substance usep. 29
A social constructivist view on culturep. 32
Methodological implicationsp. 33
Motivation qualitative methodologyp. 35
Design: a case studyp. 38
Why a case study?p. 38
Guidelines for the case study: sensitising conceptsp. 39
Why Iranians?p. 40
Analytic generalisationp. 43
Conclusionp. 43
p. 45
Methods of data collectionp. 45
Recruitmentp. 45
Zero-stage respondentsp. 46
Snowball samplingp. 48
Participant observationp. 49
Overview of the recruited samplep. 51
Informed consentp. 53
Data collection and registrationp. 54
Observation and participationp. 54
'Interview' settingp. 55
Feedbackp. 57
Difficultiesp. 57
Reflectionsp. 59
Analysisp. 63
Validationp. 64
Conclusionp. 65
p. 69
The Iranian backgroundp. 69
The history of substance use patterns in their societal contextp. 70
Pre-Islamic timesp. 70
Islamic conquest (642)p. 71
Safavid period (1501-1736)p. 73
Qajar period (1795-1925)p. 73
Pahlavi period (1925-1979)p. 74
Substance use in the Islamic Republic of Iranp. 75
Alcohol usep. 76
Opiate usep. 78
Cannabis usep. 87
Stimulant usep. 88
Use of Prescription drugsp. 88
Conclusionp. 88
p. 91
Substance use among Iranians in Belgium: description of patternsp. 91
The samplep. 91
Migration backgroundp. 91
Ethnic originp. 95
Language skills and educationp. 96
Perceptions of substance use among the Iranian communityp. 97
Taboop. 98
Effects of this taboo on data collectionp. 99
Counteracting taboo: building trustp. 101
Substance use in the Iranian community in Belgiump. 107
Tobacco usep. 107
Opiate usep. 107
Alcohol usep. 109
Cannabis usep. 111
Cocaine usep. 112
Use of prescription drugsp. 112
The special case of second-wave refugeesp. 112
Substances usedp. 113
Methods of usep. 114
Motives: self-medicationp. 115
Contexts of usep. 118
Intensity of usep. 122
Genderp. 123
Conclusionp. 126
p. 129
Explaining second-wave refugees' patterns of usep. 129
Substance use culture from the home countryp. 129
Migration policyp. 132
Going through the proceduresp. 133
Effect on people's lives: social exclusionp. 136
Social exclusion and substance usep. 148
Availabilityp. 150
Availability in mainstream societyp. 150
Informal availabilityp. 151
Controlp. 157
Informal controlp. 157
Formal Controlp. 158
Acculturation?p. 160
Conclusionp. 161
p. 165
Conclusion: Contemporary migration and substance usep. 165
Substance use culture from the home countryp. 165
Migration policy - social exclusionp. 168
Availabilityp. 173
Formal availabilityp. 173
Informal availabilityp. 173
Controlp. 174
Acculturationp. 175
Recommendationsp. 177
Addressing the 'root' causes based on the mechanisms identifiedp. 177
Preventionp. 178
Drug policyp. 179
Drug treatmentp. 179
Limitationsp. 179
Concluding remarksp. 180
Referencesp. 181
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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