Catalogue


Apostles of modernity : Saint-Simonians and the civilizing mission in Algeria /
Osama W. Abi-Mershed.
imprint
Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, c2010.
description
xii, 328 p.
ISBN
0804769095 (cloth : alk. paper), 9780804769099 (cloth : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, c2010.
isbn
0804769095 (cloth : alk. paper)
9780804769099 (cloth : alk. paper)
contents note
Introduction : republicanism deferred -- Never the twain shall meet? -- The moral conquest -- Impermanent monstrosities -- Lights out -- Raised in our care -- Napoleon, emperor of the Arabs -- Conclusion : another Napoleon, another Waterloo.
catalogue key
7167731
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2011-02-01:
Abi-Mershed (Georgetown) explores debates over colonial policy within the French administration in Algeria between 1830 and 1871, convincingly arguing that previous research on colonial ideals of assimilation to French culture and the association model of varied forms of indigenous development have ignored the precedent of Algeria before the Third Republic. Imbued with Comte Henri de Saint-Simon's philosophy of intellectual evolution, officers believed that they could gradually transform Arab and Berber societies by promoting a reformed model of Islamic order. They rejected the brazen efforts by French settlers to seize land and restrict indigenous political rights. The vast majority of Algerian intellectuals rejected French reforms as arbitrary impositions, and settlers declared that the colonial administration blocked their republican rights to exploit indigenous people. The 1871 Algerian revolt and the Franco-Prussian debacle put an end to the Saint-Simon dream of multiple paths of colonial development, but it was resurrected after WW I. An important volume on the history of French colonialism that would work well for graduate collections in imperialism and French history, even if Algerian agency does not hold a prominent place here. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate students, faculty. J. M. Rich Middle Tennessee State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"Osama Abi-Mershed's book makes a very important contribution to the history of French colonization in Algeria, examining the civilizing mission of France and the various practices and policies they pursued. At the same time, the book asks broader questions about the ideas, theories, writings, and realities, particularly within the domain of education, of the first decisive decades of European colonization in the region. This has been a subject too-little studied, so this book makes a positive, successful, and much welcomed intervention in the field."--Henry Laurens, College de France
"This important and timely book constitutes a major rethinking of nineteenth-century Algerian history, and also has important arguments to make about nineteenth century France, comparative colonial history in general, and the politics of colonial education in particular. Combining a detailed institutional and political history with an intellectual and cultural history informed by critical-theoretical perspectives, Abi-Mershed provides a systematic, critical analysis of French colonial thought and practice in the crucial period from 1830 to 1870." James McDougall, Oxford University
"This is a detailed scholarly account of the early decades of French colonisation of Algeria, from 1830 to 1871, firmly grounded in the colonial archives of Aix-en-Provence . . . This volume develops the research, particularly of Turin (1971) of the ultimately ailed attempts of some of the Arab Bureaux officers to defend Arab education and culture."--Pamela Pilbeam, French History
"Osama Abi-Mershed's book makes a very important contribution to the history of French colonization in Algeria, examining the civilizing mission of France and the various practices and policies they pursued. At the same time, the book asks broader questio
"Osama Abi-Mershed's book makes a very important contribution to the history of French colonization in Algeria, examining the civilizing mission of France and the various practices and policies they pursued. At the same time, the book asks broader questions about the ideas, theories, writings, and realities, particularly within the domain of education, of the first decisive decades of European colonization in the region. This has been a subject too-little studied, so this book makes a positive, successful, and much welcomed intervention in the field."Henry Laurens, College de France
"Historical thinking on French Algeria has long been distracted by a theoretical debate over Metropole policies toward the native populations and their place in the colonial order, a debate framed by two binary approaches to ruling subject peoples--assimilation or association. This provocative study breaks out of a long intellectual impasse by re-examining a critical nineteenth-century institution, the Bureaux Arabes, that mediated between Paris and Algiers and diverse Algerian communities on the ground."--Julia Clancy-Smith, University of Arizona
"Historical thinking on French Algeria has long been distracted by a theoretical debate over Metropole policies toward the native populations and their place in the colonial order, a debate framed by two binary approaches to ruling subject peoplesassimilation or association. This provocative study breaks out of a long intellectual impasse by re-examining a critical nineteenth-century institution, the Bureaux Arabes, that mediated between Paris and Algiers and diverse Algerian communities on the ground."Julia Clancy-Smith, University of Arizona
"This important and timely book constitutes a major rethinking of nineteenth-century Algerian history, and also has important arguments to make about nineteenth century France, comparative colonial history in general, and the politics of colonial education in particular. Combining a detailed institutional and political history with an intellectual and cultural history informed by critical-theoretical perspectives, Abi-Mershed provides a systematic, critical analysis of French colonial thought and practice in the crucial period from 1830 to 1870." --James McDougall, Oxford University
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, August 2010
Choice, February 2011
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
Between 1830 and 1870, French army officers serving in the colonial Offices of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the course of political decision-making in Algeria. Guided by the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian school in their development and implementation of colonial policy, the officers articulated a new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and European populations of Algeria.Apostles of Modernityshows the evolution of this civilizing mission in Algeria, and illustrates how these 40 years were decisive in shaping the principal ideological tenets in French colonization of the region. This book offers a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial history. It reveals not only what the rise of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite Middle Easterners and North Africans, but also what dynamics were involved in the imposition or local adoptions of European cultural norms and how the colonial encounter impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
Main Description
Between 1830 and 1870, French army officers serving in the colonial Offices of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the course of political decision-making in Algeria. Guided by the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian school in their development and implementation of colonial policy, the officers articulated a new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and European populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernityshows the evolution of this civilizing mission in Algeria, and illustrates how these 40 years were decisive in shaping the principal ideological tenets in French colonization of the region. This book offers a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial history. It reveals not only what the rise of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite Middle Easterners and North Africans, but also what dynamics were involved in the imposition or local adoptions of European cultural norms and how the colonial encounter impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introduction: Republicanism Deferredp. 1
Never the Twain Shall Meet?p. 17
The Moral Conquestp. 34
Impermanent Monstrositiesp. 71
Lights Outp. 96
Raised in Our Carep. 123
Napoleon, Emperor of the Arabsp. 159
Conclusion: Another Napoleon, Another Waterloop. 201
Appendices
Chronology, 1830-1870p. 213
Ministers and Administrators, 1830-1871p. 219
Directorate of Arab Affairsp. 227
Biographical Indexp. 232
Project for the Organization of Muslim Public Instruction, June 5, 1849p. 238
Presidential Decree of July 14, 1850p. 244
Presidential Decree of September 30, 1850p. 250
Notesp. 253
Bibliographyp. 300
Indexp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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