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The war on welfare : family, poverty, and politics in modern America /
Marisa Chappell.
imprint
Philadelphia, PA : University of Pennsylvania Press, c2010.
description
xi, 345 p.
ISBN
0812242041 (alk. paper), 9780812242041 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Philadelphia, PA : University of Pennsylvania Press, c2010.
isbn
0812242041 (alk. paper)
9780812242041 (alk. paper)
contents note
Reconstructing the black family : the liberal antipoverty coalition in the 1960s -- Legislating the male-breadwinner family : the family assistance plan -- Building a new majority : welfare and economic justice in the 1970s -- Debating the family wage : welfare reform in the Carter administration -- Relinquishing responsibility for poor families : Reagan's family wage for the wealthy -- Conclusion: beyond the family wage.
catalogue key
7005879
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2010-06-01:
This masterwork not only contributes to the study of social policy development in the 1960s but also gives a trenchant perspective on politics. The prime focus is the Great Society's effort to revamp the federal agency Aid to Families with Dependent Children, or AFDC. Beginning with the memo drafted by Daniel Patrick Moynihan and ending with Bill Clinton's "end of welfare as we know it," Chappell (Oregon State Univ.) describes policies both outdated and discriminatory. Concepts of the "family wage" devalued the work of women, and attempts to go from welfare to job actually created an expanding underclass. The work skillfully shows how politicians demonized welfare and how liberals bought into obsolete nuclear family models. Suddenly, errant males became victims and struggling mothers were transformed into villains. This masterful analysis of Richard Nixon's family assistance plan and the cynical nature of the debate is a must read for anyone interested in the Great Society and conservative attempts to dismantle it. An excellent work. Summing Up: Essential. All levels/libraries. D. R. Turner Davis and Elkins College
Reviews
Review Quotes
"Essential." -- Choice
"Essential."- Choice
"Essential."-- Choice
Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2010
"The War on Welfareis the most comprehensive analysis to date of the fate of AFDC from Nixon through Clinton. Chappell contributes to the conversation on welfare reform in two important ways: first, she expands the discussion to include business and conservatives and a wider variety of liberals, including both traditional women's organizations and feminists and second, she interrogates the cultural assumptions about family, women's work, race, and the poor by drawing upon a broad array of journalistic sources. Our understanding of the end of the family wage will never be the same."--Eileen Boris, University of California, Santa Barbar
" The War on Welfare is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the fate of AFDC from Nixon through Clinton. Chappell contributes to the conversation on welfare reform in two important ways: first, she expands the discussion to include business and conservatives and a wider variety of liberals, including both traditional women's organizations and feminists; and second, she interrogates the cultural assumptions about family, women's work, race, and the poor by drawing upon a broad array of journalistic sources. Our understanding of the end of the family wage will never be the same."--Eileen Boris, University of California, Santa Barbara
" The War on Welfare is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the fate of AFDC from Nixon through Clinton. Chappell contributes to the conversation on welfare reform in two important ways: first, she expands the discussion to include business and conservatives and a wider variety of liberals, including both traditional women's organizations and feminists; and second, she interrogates the cultural assumptions about family, women's work, race, and the poor by drawing upon a broad array of journalistic sources. Our understanding of the end of the family wage will never be the same."-Eileen Boris, University of California, Santa Barbara
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, June 2010
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Summaries
Main Description
Why did the War on Poverty give way to the war on welfare? Many in the United States saw the welfare reforms of 1996 as the inevitable result of twelve years of conservative retrenchment in American social policy, but there is evidence that the seeds of this change were sown long before the Reagan Revolution--and not necessarily by the right. The War on Welfare: Family, Poverty, and Politics in Modern Americatraces what Bill Clinton famously called "the end of welfare as we know it" to the grassroots of the War on Poverty thirty years earlier. Marshaling a broad variety of sources, historian Marisa Chappell provides a fresh look at the national debate about poverty, welfare, and economic rights from the 1960s through the mid-1990s. In Chappell's telling, we experience the debate over welfare from multiple perspectives, including those of conservatives of several types, liberal antipoverty experts, national liberal organizations, labor, government officials, feminists of various persuasions, and poor women themselves. During the Johnson and Nixon administrations, deindustrialization, stagnating wages, and widening economic inequality pushed growing numbers of wives and mothers into the workforce. Yet labor unions, antipoverty activists, and moderate liberal groups fought to extend the fading promise of the family wage to poor African Americans families through massive federal investment in full employment and income support for male breadwinners. In doing so, however, these organizations condemned programs like Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) for supposedly discouraging marriage and breaking up families. Ironically their arguments paved the way for increasingly successful right-wing attacks on both "welfare" and the War on Poverty itself.
Main Description
Why did the War on Poverty give way to the war on welfare? Many in the United States saw the welfare reforms of 1996 as the inevitable result of twelve years of conservative retrenchment in American social policy, but there is evidence that the seeds of this change were sown long before the Reagan Revolution--and not necessarily by the Right. The War on Welfare: Family, Poverty, and Politics in Modern America traces what Bill Clinton famously called "the end of welfare as we know it" to the grassroots of the War on Poverty thirty years earlier. Marshaling a broad variety of sources, historian Marisa Chappell provides a fresh look at the national debate about poverty, welfare, and economic rights from the 1960s through the mid-1990s. In Chappell's telling, we experience the debate over welfare from multiple perspectives, including those of conservatives of several types, liberal antipoverty experts, national liberal organizations, labor, government officials, feminists of various persuasions, and poor women themselves. During the Johnson and Nixon administrations, deindustrialization, stagnating wages, and widening economic inequality pushed growing numbers of wives and mothers into the workforce. Yet labor unions, antipoverty activists, and moderate liberal groups fought to extend the fading promise of the family wage to poor African Americans families through massive federal investment in full employment and income support for male breadwinners. In doing so, however, these organizations condemned programs like Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) for supposedly discouraging marriage and breaking up families. Ironically their arguments paved the way for increasingly successful right-wing attacks on both "welfare" and the War on Poverty itself.
Main Description
Why did the War on Poverty give way to the war on welfare? Many in the United States saw the welfare reforms of 1996 as the inevitable result of twelve years of conservative retrenchment in American social policy, but there is evidence that the seeds of this change were sown long before the Reagan Revolution-and not necessarily by the Right. The War on Welfare: Family, Poverty, and Politics in Modern America traces what Bill Clinton famously called "the end of welfare as we know it" to the grassroots of the War on Poverty thirty years earlier. Marshaling a broad variety of sources, historian Marisa Chappell provides a fresh look at the national debate about poverty, welfare, and economic rights from the 1960s through the mid-1990s. In Chappell's telling, we experience the debate over welfare from multiple perspectives, including those of conservatives of several types, liberal antipoverty experts, national liberal organizations, labor, government officials, feminists of various persuasions, and poor women themselves. During the Johnson and Nixon administrations, deindustrialization, stagnating wages, and widening economic inequality pushed growing numbers of wives and mothers into the workforce. Yet labor unions, antipoverty activists, and moderate liberal groups fought to extend the fading promise of the family wage to poor African Americans families through massive federal investment in full employment and income support for male breadwinners. In doing so, however, these organizations condemned programs like Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) for supposedly discouraging marriage and breaking up families. Ironically their arguments paved the way for increasingly successful right-wing attacks on both "welfare" and the War on Poverty itself.
Table of Contents
List of Acronymsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Reconstructing the Black Family: The Liberal Antipoverty Coalition in the 1960sp. 21
Legislating the Male-Breadwinner Family: The Family Assistance Planp. 65
Building a New Majority: Welfare and Economic Justice in the 1970sp. 106
Debating the Family Wage: Welfare Reform in the Carter Administrationp. 156
Relinquishing Responsibility for Poor Families: Reagan's Family Wage for the Wealthyp. 199
Conclusion: Beyond the Family Wagep. 242
Notesp. 249
Indexp. 329
Acknowledgmentsp. 343
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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