Uruguay's José Batlle y Ordóñez : the determined visionary, 1915-1917 /
Milton I. Vanger.
Boulder, Colo. : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010.
xi, 295 p.
158826694X (hardcover : alk. paper), 9781588266941 (hardcover : alk. paper)
More Details
added author
Boulder, Colo. : Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010.
158826694X (hardcover : alk. paper)
9781588266941 (hardcover : alk. paper)
contents note
Viera's inauguration -- Piedras Blancas -- Constitutional reform -- Batlle's reforms -- The eight-hour day -- Education -- Rancher opposition -- Old age pensions -- "Catholicism in our times" -- Campaigning -- Enforcing the eight-hour day -- Explaining the Colegiado -- Opposing the Colegiado -- The right to food -- Vote Colegialist or stay home? -- Election eve -- The Colegiado's defeat -- Viera's halt -- Batlle's burial -- The grand solution -- New cabinet -- The January 14, 1917, election -- Batlle resurrected -- The Committee of Eight and the new Constitution -- Where will the new Constitution take us? -- Uruguay wins diplomatically -- Viera ends the halt -- Batlle's "My conduct in the reform" -- Epilogue
general note
Continues: The model country : José Batlle y Ordoñez of Uruguay, 1907-1915. Hanover, NH : University of New England Press, 1980.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2010-09-01:
In the annals of Latin American politics, perhaps no figure exerted greater influence on a nation's early modern political system than Uruguay's Jose Batlle y Ordonez. A two-term president and leader of the Colorado Party, Batlle vigorously crusaded for the establishment of an activist welfare state and a progressive constitution. While out of power between 1915 and 1917, Batlle pressed his party and the nation to implement a "constitutional reform project" centered on creating a plural executive known as the colegiado. Vanger (emer., Brandeis) analyzes Batlle's role in the political machinations and contests that led to the initial defeat and subsequent victory of the colegiado project in this third and final volume of his magisterial political biography (vol. 1, Jose Batlle y Ordonez of Uruguay, 1963; vol. 2, The Model Country, 1980). He also examines Batlle's political philosophy, discourse, and pursuit of labor, education, tax, and civil reforms. Informed by nearly 60 years of study and archival work, Vanger combines a finely drawn analysis of early-20th-century Uruguayan society, culture, economics, party politics, and foreign policy with a nuanced political portrait of Batlle during his postpresidential years. Admirably clear, precise, and engaging prose. Summing Up: Highly recommended. General readers to specialists. S. J. Hirsch University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg
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Choice, September 2010
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Main Description
If one died and could not reach heaven, went the saying in Latin America during the presidency of José Batlle y Ordoñez, one might get at least as far as Batlle¿s Uruguay. José Batlle was committed to a vision of advanced democracy that included a plural executive (the Colegiado), state-run enterprises, an eight-hour-maximum workday, women¿s rights, and the abolition of the death penalty. In 1915-1917, having completed his second term, he was battling on toward a revision of the Uruguayan constitution that he hoped would embody that vision. Batlle¿s ideas proved to be too much for voters to accept. Nevertheless, he skillfully rescued part of his program and laid the groundwork for future reforms. As masterfully related in this concluding volume of Milton Vanger¿s trilogy, the story of Batlle and this short episode in Uruguay¿s history is significant far beyond its time. Even today, the president and his legacy loom over current politics in the country much as FDR and the New Deal Coalition do in the United States. Arguably, no other single topic is more important in Uruguay¿s political history.

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