Catalogue


Women in and out of paid work : changes across generations in Italy and Britain /
Cristina Solera.
imprint
Bristol, UK ; Portland, OR : Policy, 2009.
description
xii, 228 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
1861349300 (hbk.), 9781861349309 (hbk.)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Bristol, UK ; Portland, OR : Policy, 2009.
isbn
1861349300 (hbk.)
9781861349309 (hbk.)
general note
Erratum inserted. Note: the title on the book spine should read: women in and out of paid work.
catalogue key
6961101
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Cristina Solera teaches sociology of the family at the University of Torino, Italy. She graduated in sociology at the University of Trento with a thesis on child poverty and family policies and obtained a PhD in political and social sciences at the European University Institute, in Florence. Her main areas of interest are comparative social policy and family policy, poverty, gender studies and longitudinal analyses on women's labour market participation and fertility.
Reviews
Review Quotes
This book breaks new ground in our understanding of women and careers. It is a must read for anyone interested in gender and the lifecourse and exemplifies the very best of contemporary sociological analysis - a scientific tour de force that merits our applause. Gosta Esping-Andersen, Professor of Sociology, Universitat Pompeu Fabra
This is an illuminating and exemplary piece of comparative research, addressing - and answering - complex questions in understanding the dynamics of women's labour force participation in the UK and Italy. Richard Breen, Professor of Sociology, Yale University
Breen's testimonail in reviews
....Solera's contribution should be part of the obligatory readings of all family and labour market sociologists interested in the study of women's life chances in contemporary society. Alvaro Martinez Perez, Sociologica Online
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, February 2010
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
Over the last fifty years women's employment has increased markedly throughout developed countries. Women of younger generations are much more likely than their mothers and grandmothers to enter the labour market and stay in it after they marry and have children. Are these changes due only to changes in women's investments and preferences, or also to the opportunities and constraints within which women form their choices? Have women with higher and lower educational and occupational profiles combined family responsibilities with paid work differently? And have their divisions changed?With an innovative approach, this book compares Italy and Great Britain, investigating transformations in women's transitions in and out of paid work across four subsequent birth cohorts, from the time they leave full-time education up to their 40s. It provides a comprehensive discussion of demographic, economic and sociological theories and contains large amounts of information on changes over time in the two countries, both in women's work histories and in the economic, institutional and cultural context in which they are embedded. By comparing across both space and time, the book makes it possible to see how different institutional and normative configurations shape women's life courses, contributing to help or hinder the work-family reconciliation and to reduce or reinforce inequalities. "Women in and out of paid work" will be valuable reading for students, academics, professionals, policy makers and anyone interested in women's studies, work-family reconciliation, gender and class inequalities, social policy and sociology.
Main Description
Over the last fifty years women's employment has increased markedly throughout developed countries. As compared with their mothers and grandmothers, women of younger generations are much more likely to enter the labour market and stay in it after they marry and have children. With an innovative approach, this book compares Italy and Great Britain, investigating changes in women's transitions in and out of paid work across four subsequent birth cohorts from the time they leave full-time education, up to their 40s.
Bowker Data Service Summary
Comparing the situation in Italy and the UK, this is an exploration of the increasing entry of women into the labour market, and their tendency to remain there after having children.
Main Description
Over the last 50 years women's employment has increased markedly throughout developed countries. Women of younger generations are much more likely than their mothers and grandmothers to enter the labour market and stay in it after they marry and have children. Are three changes due only to changes in women's investments and preferences, or also to the opportunities and constraints within which women from their choices? Have women with higher and lower educational and occupational profiles combined family responsibilities with paid work differently? Have their divisions changed?
Table of Contents
List of figures and tablesp. vii
Forewordp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
The issue: for whom, when and where has women's labour market attachment increased?p. 1
The relevancep. 3
The analytical approach: comparing lifecourses between the micro and the macrop. 4
Selection of countries and cohortsp. 7
Outline of the bookp. 10
Conceptualising influences on women's employment transitions: from various sociological and economic theories towards an integrated approachp. 15
Introductionp. 15
The effects of education, wages and classp. 16
The effects of preferences, social norms and moral rationalitiesp. 22
The effects of the familyp. 29
The effects of the welfare statep. 34
Labour market effectsp. 42
Conclusion: towards an integrated approachp. 47
The different Italian and British contexts: the link to women's employment patternsp. 53
Introductionp. 53
Trends in women's labour market participationp. 53
Family change: trends in marriage, divorce and childbearingp. 60
The welfare statep. 65
Labour market regulationp. 77
Gender-role attitudes and the domestic division of labourp. 83
Conclusionp. 87
Method, data and hypothesesp. 93
Introductionp. 93
The role of time: longitudinal versus cross-sectional analysesp. 93
Time and causalityp. 95
Methodp. 98
Data and variablesp. 105
Hypotheses: what has changed across generations in women's employment over the lifecourse in Italy and Britain?p. 110
Who leaves the labour market and who returns? The changing effect of marriage and childrenp. 123
Introductionp. 123
Cohorts, motherhood and types of work history: descriptive evidencep. 123
Has the trade-off between employment and family responsibilities changed? Evidence on women's transitions in and out of paid workp. 130
Conclusionp. 143
'Her' and 'his' education and class: new polarisations in work historiesp. 151
Introductionp. 151
Education and types of work historyp. 151
Does 'his' education and class matter?p. 160
Conclusionp. 169
Conclusionsp. 173
Summary of the main findingsp. 174
The issue of inequality and 'choice': structural constraints, preferences and individual agencyp. 178
Policy implications: a lifecourse approach combining time with income, decommodification with defamilialisation, at-home with outside-home gender equalityp. 185
Referencesp. 189
Appendixp. 215
Indexp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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