Catalogue


The rise and fall of repression in Chile /
Pablo Policzer.
imprint
Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame, c2009.
description
xviii, 242 p.
ISBN
026803835X (pbk. : alk. paper), 9780268038359 (pbk. : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame, c2009.
isbn
026803835X (pbk. : alk. paper)
9780268038359 (pbk. : alk. paper)
general note
"Recent titles from the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies."
catalogue key
6703563
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2009-11-01:
When Policzer (Univ. of Calgary) was a child, his family fled Chile to escape repression. In this book, Policzer returns to Chile's authoritarian past to examine an area frequently overlooked in comparative politics--the organization of coercion in dictatorships. Acknowledging that coercion is one of the dark spaces of politics, Policzer aims to illuminate the ways in which authoritarian regimes organize their coercive institutions, as well as the causes and consequences of their choices. While charting the rise and fall of the notorious Direccion de Inteligencia Nacional (DINA), Policzer revisits Pinochet's rise to power and his reliance on repression. Typically, repression is considered part and parcel of authoritarian governance. Policzer adopts a more nuanced approach, creatively using the literature on oversight and accountability to devise a typology to classify different coercive practices. In a clear, focused writing style, he examines why authoritarian regimes choose to adopt some coercive practices over others. Policzer's analysis casts the Pinochet dictatorship in a new light, illustrating how Pinochet faced various trade-offs in organizing his coercive apparatus. Policzer's work illustrates the importance of understanding how authoritarian regimes organize coercion, and it lays the groundwork for future comparative scholarship. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All readership levels. M.-F. T. Malone University of New Hampshire
Reviews
Review Quotes
"This important book enriches the literature on authoritarian regimes by asking what factors and specific mechanisms explain the changes in the organization of coercion under such regimes. This is a significant book because it poses new questions and delivers new theoretical tools to explore this new region of problematization." - Latin American Politics and Society
". . . Repression is often understood in terms of relatively simple explanatory schemes: ideological zeal, domestic power arrangements, and international political pressure. In this new book, Pablo Policzer seeks to expose the inadequacies of such explanations and to offer an alternative approach for explaining and understanding political repression. . . . This work is original and thought-provoking, and offers a valuable contribution to the history of the Pinochet regime. It is certainly a stepping stone for new research in the field of political repression." - Canadian Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Studies
"Acknowledging that coercion is one of the dark spaces of politics, Policzer aims to illuminate the ways in which authoritarian regimes organize their institutions, as well as the causes and consequences of their choices. . . . Policzer's analysis casts the Pinochet dictatorship in a new light, illustrating how Pinochet faced various trade-offs in organizing his coercive apparatus." - Choice
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, May 2009
Choice, November 2009
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
In this work, the author tackles the difficult task of analyzing how authoritarian regimes utilize coercion. Drawing on organization theory to develop a comparative typology of coercive regimes, Policzer's book sheds light on a fundamental period during the Chilean dictatorship.
Main Description
In The Rise and Fall of Repression in Chile,Pablo Policzer tackles the difficult task of analyzing how authoritarian regimes utilize coercion. Even in relatively open societies, coercive institutions such as the police and military tend to be secretive and mistrustful of efforts by outsiders to oversee their operations. In more closed societies, secrecy is the norm, making coercion that much more difficult to observe and understand. Drawing on organization theory to develop a comparative typology of coercive regimes, Policzer analyzes the structures and mechanisms of coercion in general and then shifts his focus to the early part of the military dictatorship in Chile, which lasted from 1973 to 1990. Policzer's book sheds new light on a fundamental, yet little-examined, period during the Chilean dictatorship. Between 1977 and 1978, the governing junta in Chile quietly replaced the secret police organization known as the Dirección de Informaciones Nacional(DINA) with a different institution, the Central Nacional de Informaciones(CNI). Policzer provides the first systematic account of why the DINA was created in the first place, how it became the most powerful repressive institution in the country, and why it was suddenly replaced with a different organization, one that carried out repression in a markedly more restrained manner. Policzer shows how the dictatorship's reorganization of its security forces intersected in surprising ways with efforts by human rights watchdogs to monitor and resist the regime's coercive practices. He concludes by comparing these struggles with how dictatorships in Argentina, East Germany, and South Africa organized coercion. "An important and well-crafted book, The Rise and Fall of Repression in Chilemakes a valuable contribution to the literatures on comparative politics, authoritarian repression, democratic transitions, and recent Chilean politics. Policzer admirably succeeds in offering an original argument about the nature of authoritarian coercion while also changing our perception of the dynamics of the Pinochet regime." - Anthony W. Pereira, Tulane University "Pablo Policzer opens up the black box of the Pinochet regime and reveals the complex internal politics surrounding how the regime used and sought to regulate repression. We know too little about the internal workings of authoritarian regimes, and Policzer's book shows us not only how principal-agent problems led to a fundamental reorganization of repression, but also the unpredictable ways in which human rights monitoring shaped struggles within the state over the management of repression. This is path-breaking work and a must-read for students of authoritarianism. " - William Stanley, University of New Mexico
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figuresp. ix
List of Acronymsp. xi
Note on Translationsp. xiv
Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. xv
The Dark Spaces of Politicsp. 3
The Coercion Problemp. 16
The Overthrow and Turmoilp. 41
The Rise of the DINA (1973-74)p. 68
The DINA in Action (1974-77)p. 85
The Fall of the DINA (1977-78)p. 100
Options and Shiftsp. 112
The Politics of Organizing Coercionp. 133
Monitoring Indicators, September-December 1973p. 150
Monitoring Indicators, 1974-78p. 160
Monitoring Indicators after 1978p. 169
Cross-Country Comparisons on Monitoring Indicatorsp. 176
Notesp. 184
Bibliographyp. 217
Indexp. 233
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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