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Using international law in Canadian courts /
Gib van Ert.
2nd ed.
Toronto : Irwin Law, 2008.
xx, 395 p. ; 23 cm.
9781552211595 :
More Details
Toronto : Irwin Law, 2008.
9781552211595 :
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Table of Contents
Note on Abbreviationsp. xv
Foreword to the First Editionp. xvii
Preface to the Second Editionp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Monism and dualism: Canada as a hybrid jurisdictionp. 3
Principles of the reception systemp. 5
Respect for international lawp. 6
Self-governmentp. 8
The balancep. 10
Plan of this bookp. 11
Definitions, sources, and forumsp. 13
The state and state organsp. 13
Public and private international lawp. 15
Sources of international lawp. 16
Treatiesp. 17
Customp. 21
General principles of lawp. 24
Subsidiary means: judicial decisions and teachings of publicistsp. 25
International organizationsp. 27
Unilateral statementsp. 28
Peremptory norms (jus cogens)p. 29
Erga omnes obligationsp. 31
Soft lawp. 32
Forums in which international law is appliedp. 33
Courts of general jurisdictionp. 34
Specialist and regional courts and tribunalsp. 35
International arbitral tribunalsp. 35
Treaty bodiesp. 37
Domestic courts and tribunalsp. 39
Evidence and procedurep. 41
Judicial notice of international lawp. 42
The orthodoxyp. 42
Canadian casesp. 44
Notice of international law by administrative decision-makersp. 56
Proof of treatiesp. 56
Proving the content of a treatyp. 56
Proving the status of a treatyp. 58
Proof of customp. 62
The orthodoxy: custom noticed not provedp. 62
Challenges to the orthodoxyp. 67
Some propositionsp. 68
Proof of other sources of international lawp. 70
General principlesp. 70
Subsidiary means: judicial decisions and scholarly writingsp. 70
Pleading international lawp. 70
In common law jurisdictionsp. 71
In Quebecp. 72
Reception and the unwritten constitutionp. 73
Parliamentary sovereigntyp. 75
Legislative competence to violate international lawp. 79
In English lawp. 80
In Canadian lawp. 82
The argument againstp. 86
The presumption of conformity with international lawp. 91
The treaty powerp. 92
The royal prerogative over foreign affairsp. 92
Parliament's role in treaty-makingp. 94
The role of the provinces in treaty-makingp. 99
The federal case for an undivided treaty powerp. 102
The provincial case for a shared treaty powerp. 107
Case law on the treaty powerp. 111
Crystalization and consent in the unwritten constitutionp. 116
Judicial review of the treaty powerp. 123
Future of the treaty powerp. 128
The presumption of conformity with international lawp. 130
Nature of the presumptionp. 131
The presumption is rebuttablep. 131
Legislative intent or judicial policy?p. 132
Application to statutes and other lawsp. 134
Application in cases of actual or potential conflict with international lawp. 134
Case law on the presumptionp. 135
English authoritiesp. 135
Canadian authoritiesp. 139
The presumption in other common law jurisdictionsp. 159
The presumption and customp. 160
The presumption and treatiesp. 161
Ambiguityp. 164
Nature of the legislationp. 171
The relevance of chronologyp. 173
The presumption and the implementation requirementp. 178
The presumption and other sources of international lawp. 181
The presumption in Charter jurisprudencep. 181
The incorporation of customp. 182
The incorporation doctrinep. 184
In English lawp. 184
In Canadian lawp. 194
Custom and stare decisisp. 208
Strong and weak incorporationp. 209
Weak incorporation in Canadap. 210
Strong incorporation in England: Trendtex Tradingp. 213
Strong incorporation in Canadap. 216
Permissive and mandatory customsp. 218
Incorporation of peremptory normsp. 223
Treatiesp. 228
The constitutional objection to self-executing treatiesp. 229
Unimplemented treatiesp. 233
Treaty implementationp. 234
Case law on the implementation requirementp. 235
Forms of implementationp. 238
Legislation is neededp. 238
No formal requirementsp. 240
Approval is not implementationp. 245
Implementation without referencep. 246
Effect of non-enforcement provisionsp. 250
Supposed exceptions to the implementation requirementp. 252
Federalism and treaty implementationp. 255
Case law prior to Labour Conventionsp. 255
The decision in Labour Conventionsp. 257
Academic criticism of the decisionp. 259
Judicial consideration of the decisionp. 263
The current position of the lawp. 269
In defence of Labour Conventionsp. 270
Treaty interpretation in Canadian courtsp. 272
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969p. 272
VCLT interpretive rules apply in Canadap. 274
VCLT rules prevail over domestic interpretive rulesp. 275
Implementation status is irrelevantp. 277
Relevance of subsequent practicep. 277
Reception of other sources of international lawp. 279
General principles of lawp. 279
Judicial decisionsp. 280
Teachings of publicistsp. 284
Soft lawp. 285
International law and administrative decisionsp. 287
Notice of international law by administrative decision-makersp. 287
International law and standards of reviewp. 292
International law and discretionary decisionsp. 295
Capital Cities Communications v. Canadian Radio-Television Commissionp. 295
Baker v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration)p. 298
Statutory discretion and the presumption of conformityp. 303
Legitimate expectationsp. 308
International law and aboriginal peoplesp. 311
International legal provisions on indigenous peoplesp. 311
Reception provisions of comprehensive claims agreementsp. 313
Aboriginal constitutional rightsp. 314
Comprehensive claims agreement consultation rightsp. 318
Comprehensive claims agreement duty to conform to Canadian international obligationsp. 320
Implications of these agreementsp. 321
International human rights lawp. 323
Complexity of human rights reception in Canadap. 325
Multitude of international human rights normsp. 327
The nature of rights protection in Canadap. 329
Continuing uncertainty about human rights treaty implementationp. 330
General sufficiency of Canadian human rights lawsp. 331
Reception of international human rights law through the Charterp. 332
The Charter as implementing legislationp. 333
International law and Charter interpretationp. 335
The relevant and persuasive approachp. 337
The presumption of minimum protectionp. 342
The context and values approachp. 347
Reconciling the theoriesp. 349
Specific roles of international human rights law in Charter sections 7 and 1p. 351
Section 7p. 351
Section 1p. 353
Reception of international human rights law through other lawsp. 356
Human rights as public policyp. 359
Glossaryp. 361
Table of International Instrumentsp. 365
Table of Statutesp. 371
Table of Casesp. 375
Indexp. 391
About the Authorp. 395
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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