Catalogue


Walther Nernst : pioneer of physics and of chemistry /
Hans-Georg Bartel, Rudolf P. Huebener.
imprint
Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific, c2007.
description
xii, 394 p. : ill., ports. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
9789812565600 (hbk.), 9812565604 (hbk.)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Singapore ; Hackensack, NJ : World Scientific, c2007.
isbn
9789812565600 (hbk.)
9812565604 (hbk.)
catalogue key
6523078
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2008-06-01:
Bartel (Humboldt Univ., Germany) and Huebener (retired, Univ. of Tubingen, Germany) have written a thorough, detailed account of the scientific and personal life of Walther Nernst, Nobel Laureate, (Chemistry, 1920), one of the giants of physical chemistry of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Nernst features in modern physical chemistry as the author of the third law of thermodynamics and the electrochemical equation that bears his name. The scientifically literate authors do not shy away from the mathematical aspects of Nernst's work. The book is well illustrated and replete with references and bibliographies. The English usage is awkward, which impedes the reader from time to time. Nevertheless this is a valuable addition to accounts of important scientists. This biography complements earlier accounts by Kurt Mendelssohn (The World of Walther Nernst, CH, May'74), Bartel (Walther Nernst, 1989), and Diana Barkan (Walther Nernst and the Transition to Modern Physical Science, CH, Oct'99, 37-0938). Summing Up: Recommended. General readers; lower-division undergraduates through professionals. H. Goldwhite emeritus, California State University, Los Angeles
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Choice, June 2008
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Table of Contents
Prefacep. v
Development of Physics and Physical Chemistry from about 1800 until 1870p. 1
Youth and University Period (1864 - 1887)p. 9
Ancestors and Parentsp. 9
Youth and High School in Graudenzp. 10
University Studies in Zurich and Berlinp. 16
Graz: The "Second Scientific Home"p. 19
University and physics in Graz: Ludwig Boltzmann and Albert von Ettingshausenp. 19
The Ettingshausen-Nernst effects and the Nernst effectp. 26
Conclusion of the University Studies in Wurzburgp. 30
Habilitation in Leipzig (1887 - 1889)p. 35
The Sciences at the University of Leipzigp. 36
Wilhelm Ostwaldp. 38
The Completion of the Thermodynamics of Electrochemistry: The Nernst Equationp. 40
The "Ionists" versus the "Anti-Ionists"p. 51
The Gottingen Period: The Rise to World Fame (1890 - 1905)p. 57
The Georgia Augusta University in Gottingenp. 58
Eduard Riecke, Felix Klein, and Mathematics in Gottingenp. 59
Early Studies in Gottingen: The Nernst Distribution Lawp. 62
Marriage with Emma Lohmeyer and the Walther Nernst Familyp. 68
The Textbook "Theoretical Chemistry from the Standpoint of Avogadro's Rule and Thermodynamics"p. 73
The First Professorship and the Establishment of a Chair of Physical Chemistryp. 80
The New Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistryp. 88
Studies and Members in the New Institutep. 96
The Nernst Lampp. 104
Nernst Law of Electrical Nerve Stimulus Threshold (Reizschwellengesetz)p. 114
The Construction of Instrumentsp. 117
Mathematics and Chemistryp. 126
Professor of Physical Chemistry in Berlin (1905 - 1922)p. 133
The Friedrich-Wilhelm University and Other Academic Institutions in Berlin and Charlottenburgp. 133
The Famous Year 1905p. 139
The Institute of Physical Chemistry at the University of Berlinp. 142
The First Lecture in Berlin - Announcement of a Fundamental Law of Naturep. 146
The Nernst Law of Heat or the Third Law of Thermodynamicsp. 150
Remarks on the First and Second Law of Thermodynamicsp. 150
The problem and its solution given by Nernstp. 154
The calculation of chemical equilibriap. 165
Specific heats and low-temperature physicsp. 169
Quantum Theoryp. 177
The impossibility of reaching the absolute zero of temperaturep. 184
Formulation of the Third Thermal Law by Max Planckp. 187
Research between 1906 and 1916, the monograph, and the Nobel Prize in Chemistryp. 189
Critique and priority conflictp. 195
Other Scientific Studies during this Periodp. 198
Organization of Sciencep. 206
Kaiser Wilhelm Institutesp. 206
German Electrochemical Societyp. 213
Other developmentsp. 218
Rector of the University and the German Institute for Foreignersp. 223
Managing a Country Estate, Hunting, and Fish Farmingp. 229
The First World Warp. 236
War-related research: gas warfare, explosives, ballisticsp. 237
The effort on peace negotiationsp. 248
Political Activitiesp. 257
Visits to the USA and to South Americap. 260
President of the Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt (PTR) (1922 - 1924)p. 267
Brief History of the PTRp. 267
Activities of Nernst at the PTRp. 273
Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Berlin (1924 - 1933)p. 283
Solutions of Strong Electrolytesp. 287
Vibrating Strings and the Neo-Bechstein Grand Pianop. 292
Studies in Cosmology and Astrophysicsp. 306
The Final Years (1933 - 1941)p. 327
Attitude to the Fascismp. 327
An Attempt to Participate in the War-Related Research during the Second World Warp. 335
The End in the Village of Zibellep. 337
Honors and Memorialsp. 341
Referencesp. 347
Name Indexp. 373
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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