Catalogue


Archaeological chemistry /
A. Mark Pollard, Carl Heron.
edition
2nd ed.
imprint
Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, c2008.
description
xvii, 438 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
ISBN
0854042628, 9780854042623
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
added author
imprint
Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, c2008.
isbn
0854042628
9780854042623
catalogue key
6511387
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
A. Mark Pollard, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Carl Heron Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2008-12-01:
This second edition (1st ed., 1996) by Pollard (Oxford Univ.) and Heron (Univ. of Bradford) skillfully balances archaeology and chemistry, providing an overview of modern analytical methods applied to archaeologically relevant materials. Though writing for an academic audience, the authors address the needs of the nonscientist with a brief review of basic chemistry (e.g., Bohr theory, electromagnetic radiation, Fick's law) and descriptions of analytical techniques commonly used in archaeological applications. Following this background information, each chapter summarizes the chemistry and structure of individual archaeological materials (e.g., clay, glass, metal) and offers case studies with relevant data. The updates to the earlier edition are essential, as Pollard and Heron describe numerous advances made in analytical chemistry over the past 12 years. They include new chapters on light isotope research applied to bone and dietary studies (chapter 10) and organic chemistry studies of ancient residue (chapter 11). While serving as an adequate book for an undergraduate course in archaeometry, this volume will also provide a useful refresher for graduate students and academics desiring an introduction to the scientific analysis of archaeological materials. The extensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter consistently list the most applicable references in each area of study. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates and above; technical program students. L. D. Frame University of Arizona
Reviews
Review Quotes
"... a comprehensive and current textbook badly needed ..."
"An authentic snapshot of current chemical applications in archaeology."
"...An excellent reference resource... this book presents a comprehensive overview of a number of chemical applications within archaeology."
"...an excellent, up-to-date sourcebook and companion guide..."
"Archaeological Chemistry will make a fine collection to your library of reference books on instrumental analytical techniques. Perhaps reading the book will assist in solving an unsolved mystery in archaeology."
"I cannot recommend this book too highly..."
"In any case this book is strongly recommended as an obligatory text for all chemists, who want to understand the role of chemistry, and in particular analytical chemistry, in our past history and present culture."
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, December 2008
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Summaries
Back Cover Copy
The growth of biomolecular archaeology on all fronts has been dramatic in the twelve years since the first edition was published. The field of archaeology has seen the development of the isotopic study of human bone for the reconstruction of diet, status and mobility. More recently, building on developments in mass spectrometry, a whole new range of organic molecules, including small proteins, has been detected in archaeological contexts. Archaeological Chemistry aims to demonstrate the importance and utility of scientific techniques applied to the study of the past and how the new range of organic molecules has been used to answer questions of major archaeological significance, such as the nature of animal husbandry in the early history of domestication and agriculture. In particular, the role of chemistry is emphasised through a series of case studies, presenting scientific investigation as a challenging field of enquiry rather than a routine application of established procedures. Building on the successful formula of the first edition, this new edition's case studies have been revised, updated and expanded to take account of new perspectives and new data in the intervening decade since the first edition. In addition, two new chapters have been included emphasising the significant increase in molecular and isotopic analysis of organic remains to bring together recent literature about human diets. A special feature of the book is the integration of chemistry and archaeology. At one level, this demonstrates the necessary and relevant role that chemistry plays in the study of the past. At another level, it shows how science and the past combine to enhance our understanding of archaeological materials. The case studies highlight key questions and aim to present the limits of current knowledge but also where research is likely to be focussed in the future. The thematic elements in the book allow the reader to tackle both the science and archaeology of a specific topic in depth. Archaeological Chemistry will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.
Back Cover Copy
The growth of biomolecular archaeology on all fronts has been dramatic in the twelve years since the first edition was published. The field of archaeology has seen the development of the isotopic study of human bone for the reconstruction of diet, status and mobility. More recently, building on developments in mass spectrometry, a whole new range of organic molecules, including small proteins, has been detected in archaeological contexts. Archaeological Chemistry aims to demonstrate the importance and utility of scientific techniques applied to the study of the past and how the new range of organic molecules has been used to answer questions of major archaeological significance, such as the nature of animal husbandry in the early history of domestication and agriculture. In particular, the role of chemistry is emphasised through a series of case studies, presenting scientific investigation as a challenging field of enquiry rather than a routine application of established procedures.Building on the successful formula of the first edition, this new edition's case studies have been revised, updated and expanded to take account of new perspectives and new data in the intervening decade since the first edition. In addition, two new chapters have been included emphasising the significant increase in molecular and isotopic analysis of organic remains to bring together recent literature about human diets. A special feature of the book is the integration of chemistry and archaeology. At one level, this demonstrates the necessary and relevant role that chemistry plays in the study of the past. At another level, it shows how science and the past combine to enhance our understanding of archaeological materials. The case studies highlight key questions and aim to present the limits of current knowledge but also where research is likely to be focussed in the future.The thematic elements in the book allow the reader to tackle both the science and archaeology of a specific topic in depth. Archaeological Chemistry will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.
Bowker Data Service Summary
The thematic elements in 'Archaeological Chemistry' allows the reader to tackle both the science and archaeology of a specific topic in depth and is an ideal companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.
Description for Bookstore
The application of chemistry within archaeology is an important and fascinating area. It allows the archaeologist to answer such questions as "what is this artefact made of?", "where did it come from?" and "how has it been changed through burial in the ground?", providing pointers to the earliest history of mankind.Archaeological Chemistry begins with a brief description of the goals and history of archaeological science, and the place of chemistry within it. It sets out the most widely used analytical techniques in archaeology and compares them in the light of relevant applications. The book includes an analysis of several specific archaeological investigations in which chemistry has been employed in tracing the origins of or in preserving artefacts. The choice of these investigations conforms to themes based on analytical techniques, and includes chapters on obsidian, ceramics, glass, metals and resins. Finally, it suggests a future role for chemical and biochemical applications in archaeology. Archaeological Chemistry enables scientists to tackle the fundamental issues of chemical change in the archaeological materials, in order to advance the study of the past. It will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists, and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.
Description for Bookstore
This second edition of the popular title Archaeological Chemistry builds on the successful formula of the first. The existing case studies and chapters have been revised, expanded and updated to take account of new perspectives and data, and new chapters emphasise the significant increase in molecular and isotopic analysis of organic remains. The thematic elements in this book allow the reader to tackle both the science and archaeology of a specific topic in depth and it will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.
Description for Reader
The second edition of this popular title Archaeological Chemistry builds on the successful formula of the first edition. The existing case studies have been expanded to take account of new perspectives and new data in the intervening decade since the 1st edition was published. In addition, two new chapters emphasise the significant increase in molecular and isotopic analysis of organic remains. The two new chapters (stable isotopes and molecules and milk) bring together recent literature about ancient human diets. Archaeological Chemistry 2nd edition aims to demonstrate the importance and utility of scientific techniques applied to the study of the past. In particular, the role of chemistry is emphasised through a series of case studies. The authors present the scientific investigation as a challenging field of enquiry rather than a routine application of established procedures. This book is an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists and those involved in conserving human artefacts
Main Description
The growth of biomolecular archaeology on all fronts has been dramatic in the twelve years since the first edition was published. The field of archaeology has seen the development of the isotopic study of human bone for the reconstruction of diet, status and mobility. More recently, building on developments in mass spectrometry, a whole new range of organic molecules, including small proteins, has been detected in archaeological contexts. Archaeological Chemistry aims to demonstrate the importance and utility of scientific techniques applied to the study of the past and how the new range of organic molecules has been used to answer questions of major archaeological significance, such as the nature of animal husbandry in the early history of domestication and agriculture. In particular, the role of chemistry is emphasised through a series of case studies, presenting scientific investigation as a challenging field of enquiry rather than a routine application of established procedures. Building on the successful formula of the first edition, this new edition's case studies have been revised, updated and expanded to take account of new perspectives and new data in the intervening decade since the first edition. In addition, two new chapters have been included emphasizing the significant increase in molecular and isotopic analysis of organic remains to bring together recent literature about human diets. A special feature of the book is the integration of chemistry and archaeology. At one level, this demonstrates the necessary and relevant role that chemistry plays in the study of the past. At another level, it shows how science and the past combine to enhance our understanding of archaeological materials. The case studies highlight key questions and aim to present the limits of current knowledge and also where research is likely to be focused in the future. The thematic elements in the book allow the reader to tackle both the science and archaeology of a specific topic in depth. Archaeological Chemistry will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, as well as field and museum archaeologists and conservators. Book jacket.
Table of Contents
The Development of Archaeological Chemistry
Introductionp. 1
Early Investigationsp. 3
The Growth of Scientific Archaeology in the 20th Centuryp. 7
Current Status and Scope of Archaeological Chemistryp. 11
The Structure of this Volumep. 12
Further Readingp. 13
Referencesp. 14
Analytical Techniques Applied to Archaeology
Introductionp. 19
The Structure of the Atom, the Electromagnetic Spectrum and Analytical Spectroscopyp. 20
Techniques Based on Optical Wavelengthsp. 24
Optical Emission Spectroscopyp. 24
Atomic Absorption Spectrometryp. 25
Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometryp. 29
Techniques Using X-Raysp. 33
X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometryp. 38
Analytical Electron Microscopyp. 45
Proton-Induced X-Ray Emissionp. 49
Neutron Activation Analysisp. 50
Mass Spectrometric Techniquesp. 56
Chromatographic Techniquesp. 61
Infrared and Raman Spectroscopyp. 66
Other Techniquesp. 68
Referencesp. 69
Obsidian Characterization in the Eastern Mediterranean
Introductionp. 75
Origin and Formation of Obsidianp. 76
Sources of Obsidian in the Eastern Mediterranean and Neighbouring Regionsp. 81
Review of Analytical Workp. 83
Archaeological Implicationsp. 87
Summaryp. 91
Referencesp. 93
The Geochemistry of Clays and the Provenance of Ceramics
Introductionp. 98
The Structure of Clay Mineralsp. 102
The Firing of Clays and the Mineralogical Composition of Ceramicsp. 115
Trace Element Geochemistry in Claysp. 119
The Provenance of Archaeological Ceramics: Roman Finewaresp. 129
Summaryp. 138
Referencesp. 139
The Chemistry, Corrosion and Provenance of Archaeological Glass
Introductionp. 144
The Structure and Chemistry of Archaeological Glassp. 145
The Colour of Glassp. 157
The Decay of Medieval Window Glassp. 166
The Corrosion of Buried Glassp. 177
Radiogenic Isotopes and the Provenance of Glassp. 181
Summaryp. 186
Referencesp. 187
The Chemical Study of Metals - the Medieval and Later Brass Industry in Europe
Introductionp. 193
The Production Methods of Brass in Antiquityp. 195
The Early History of Brass and Zincp. 197
The Medieval and Later European Brass Industryp. 201
The Chemical Analysis of Metal Objectsp. 207
The Chemical Study of European Brass Tokens and Coinsp. 208
The Analysis of European Brass Scientific Instrumentsp. 215
The Analytical Authentication of Brass Instrumentsp. 222
European Copper and Brass in North Americap. 225
Summaryp. 227
Referencesp. 230
The Chemistry and Use of Resinous Substances
Introductionp. 235
Resins: Definition and Usesp. 236
Chemistry of Resinsp. 237
Monoterpenoids and Sesquiterpenoidsp. 238
Diterpenoidsp. 239
Triterpenoidsp. 241
Analysis of Resins in Archaeological Contextsp. 241
Neolithic Tarp. 246
The Chemistry of Birch Bark and Birch Bark Tarsp. 249
The Production and Uses of Neolithic Tarsp. 254
Alternatives to Birch Bark and Softwood Tarp. 255
Summary: Evidence for Other Organic Substancesp. 257
Referencesp. 261
Amino Acid Stereochemistry and the First Americans
Introductionp. 270
The Structure of Bonep. 272
Stereochemistry of Amino Acidsp. 276
Racemization of Amino Acidsp. 277
Amino Acid Racemization Dating of the Californian Paleoindiansp. 280
The End of a Paradigm: Early Humans in the Americasp. 287
'Some Kind of Joke'? Current Uses of Amino Acid Racemizationp. 289
Summaryp. 295
Referencesp. 296
Lead Isotope Geochemistry and the Trade in Metals
Introductionp. 302
The Trace Element Approach to Metal Provenancep. 303
Natural Radioactivity and the Stable Isotopes of Leadp. 306
The Lead Isotopic Composition of Metalliferous Depositsp. 311
Lead Isotopes in Archaeologyp. 321
Isotopic Fractionation by Non-Equilibrium Evaporationp. 322
Defining an Ore Fieldp. 325
Lead Isotopes and the Bronze Age Mediterraneanp. 328
Epilogue - 'What A Long Strange Trip Its Been'!p. 336
Summaryp. 339
Referencesp. 339
The Chemistry of Human Bone: Diet, Nutrition, Status and Mobility
Introductionp. 346
Dietary Reconstruction from Trace Elements in Bone Mineralp. 348
Light Isotope Systematics and Trophic Levelsp. 352
Isotopic Dietary Reconstruction from Human Bonep. 356
Status and Healthp. 365
Mobilityp. 366
Other Isotopic Approaches to Diet and Mobilityp. 367
Carbonates and 'Deep Time'p. 368
Other Biomolecules and Isotopesp. 369
'Provenancing Humans' - Strontium and Oxygen Isotopesp. 370
Summaryp. 372
Referencesp. 373
The Detection of Small Biomolecules: Dairy Products in the Archaeological Record
Introductionp. 383
Fatty Acids: a Brief Overview of Chemistry and Occurrencep. 384
Dairy Chemistryp. 390
Archaeological Investigations of Dairyingp. 391
DNA, Lactase Persistence and Early Dairyingp. 399
Summary: Where do we go from here?p. 400
Referencesp. 401
Summary - Whither Archaeological Chemistry?
Historical Summaryp. 406
The Archaeological Relevance of Chemical Applicationsp. 407
Whither Archaeological Chemistry?p. 409
Referencesp. 411
The Structure of the Atom, and the Electromagnetic Spectrump. 413
Isotopesp. 420
Fundamental Constantsp. 424
Atomic Number and Approximate Atomic Weights (based on [superscript 12]C = 12.000) of the Elementsp. 425
Periodic Table of the Elementsp. 428
Subject Indexp. 429
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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