Catalogue


Going Dutch : how England plundered Holland's glory /
Lisa Jardine.
edition
1st U.S. ed.
imprint
New York : Harper, c2008.
description
xxiv, 406 p. : ill. (some col.), , geneal. tables, col. map ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0060774088 (hbk.), 9780060774080 (hbk.)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
New York : Harper, c2008.
isbn
0060774088 (hbk.)
9780060774080 (hbk.)
general note
"Published in Great Britain in 2008 by HarperCollins Publishers" -- T.p. verso.
catalogue key
6378270
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [381]-392) and index.
A Look Inside
First Chapter
Going Dutch
How England Plundered Holland's Glory

Chapter One

England Invaded by the Dutch: The Conquest that Never Was

The Fame of the Intended Invasion from Holland, was spread all over the Nation, & most Men were preparing for the Generall Insurrection which ensu'd, when I was obliged to go to London to settle my accounts, in October 1688, & had not continu'd there above 3 weeks, before the News came of the Dutch Fleet's being sail'd to the Westward, & seen off the Isle of Wight.1

The assault on the supposedly impregnable sovereign territory came out of the blue—the slickest feat of naval planning and execution ever to have been witnessed in Europe.

On 1 November 1688 (new style), Prince William of Orange, elected ruler or Stadholder of the Dutch Republic, and husband of the English King James II's eldest daughter, Mary Stuart, embarked upon a seaborne invasion of the British Isles. His invasion force consisted of an astounding five hundred ships, an army of more than twenty thousand highly trained professional troops, and a further twenty thousand mariners and support staff. As a naval and military undertaking, the sheer scale, temerity and bold ambition of the venture captured the European imagination for years afterwards. The exact numbers of the invading forces were a matter of dispute and deliberate exaggeration (and have remained so ever since), but there was no uncertainty at all about William of Orange's intentions—this was a redoubtable force, and it was headed for the English coast.

Rumours of dramatic action against the increasingly absolutist behaviour of James II had been circulating for months. As early as May, John Evelyn recorded anxiously in his diary:

The Hollanders did now al'arme his Majestie with their fleete, so well prepar'd & out before we were in any readinesse, or had any considerable number to have encountered them had there been occasion, to the great reproch of the nation.2

Reliable intelligence on Dutch naval and troop movements was unusually hard to come by. Some snippets of information, though, had leaked out. There was talk that troops were on the move on the Dutch borders. There were anxious whispers that France was making preparations to come to the assistance of the Catholic English regime (what Evelyn refers to as 'the Popery of the King' was increasingly an issue). Right up to the moment when William's fleet left the shelter of the Dutch coastline and headed out across open water, northern Europe was awash with unsubstantiated rumour and hearsay, anecdote and false alarm. Once the assault was under way, there was talk of little else.

The joint naval and military operation was on an unprecedented scale. Its meticulous organisation astonished political observers. There had initially been some suggestion that the build-up of troops in the Low Countries was in preparation for a land engagement with the French. It was then rumoured that the Dutch might send these forces to help prevent an imminent French invasion of the Palatinate. But by the time the size of the operation became clear in the middle of October there could be no doubt as to its destination or its purpose. The Dutch, reported the stunned English ambassador at The Hague, intended 'an absolute conquest' of England.3

'Never was so great a design executed in so short a time. All things as soon as they were ordered were got to be so quickly ready that we were amazed at the dispatch,' wrote one of those involved in the secret plan-ning,4 while the English ambassador at The Hague warned that 'such a preparation was never heard of in these parts of the world'.5 Not only the foreign diplomats at The Hague but all Europe was astounded by the unusual speed and efficiency with which the Dutch state—which historians generally like to describe as one of the less well-organised in seventeenth-century Europe—assembled so enormously complicated an expedition.6

William, it slowly emerged, had started to build up his army in the first half of 1688, without consulting the Dutch government—the States General. His closest and most trusted favourites, Hans Willem Bentinck and Everard van Weede van Dijkveld, had shuttled clandestinely around Europe for months securing backing from those known to be sympathetic to the Protestant cause, and negotiating supporting troops and financial loans. Between June and October they surreptitiously assembled a massive force of well-trained, well-paid and experienced soldiers drawn from right across Protestant Europe. They also made arrangements for troops from neighbouring territories to move into place to fill the gap left on the European mainland, to defend the Dutch borders against possible French attack once William had switched his best troops to the English campaign.7

The uncertainty and swirling rumours seem to have paralysed the English administration. By mid-September the diarist John Evelyn, on a visit to James II's court in London, 'found [it] in the uttmost consternation upon report of the Pr: of Oranges landing, which put White-hall into so panic a feare, that I could hardly believe it possible to find such a change'.8 He also reported 'the whole Nation disaffected, & in apprehensions'. The King himself was suffering from recurrent nosebleeds (a sign of raised blood pressure, perhaps). Strategically, over a period of months, the combination of extreme secrecy, rumour and false alarm sapped English morale.

The Dutch government was not consulted officially until well into September (and the French ambassador got wind of this through his 'intelligencers'—undercover agents—only days later). On 8 October William had let it be known in Holland that his invasion—if it took place—was to be both an intervention on behalf of the Dutch state, to prevent James II from forming an anti-Dutch Catholic alliance with France, and a bid to secure his own and his wife's dynastic interests. The States General were finally asked for, and gave, their approval, on the understanding that 'His said Highness has decided to start the said matter upon His Highnesse's and Her Royal Highnesse's own names, and to make use of the States' power only as auxiliary.'9

Going Dutch
How England Plundered Holland's Glory
. Copyright © by Lisa Jardine. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.

Excerpted from Going Dutch: How England Plundered Holland's Glory by Lisa Jardine
All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Library Journal on 2008-08-01:
Jardine's latest isn't as much about the English plundering of the Dutch as it is about both countries' development of common tastes and interests over the course of the tumultuous 17th century. Jardine (Centenary Professor of Renaissance Studies, Queen Mary, Univ. of London; The Awful End of Prince William the Silent) first deals with the Glorious Revolution of 1688, when Dutch William of Orange ousted James II of England, forcing him into permanent exile and becoming King William III of England (of William and Mary). The rest of this engaging book--and very good history it is--examines the web of connections that brought together and reinforced a common Anglo-Dutch high culture--in the arts, music, architecture, landscaping and gardening, and science--in countries united by religion but still warring over empire. In the rich cultural dialog that preceded the Glorious Revolution, the key Dutch figure for more than 50 years was Constantijn Huygens, adviser to the stadtholders, diplomat and distinguished patron of the arts. When he died in 1687, his son Constantijn Jr. succeeded him as William III's adviser. Another of his sons, Christiaan, was a distinguished scientist. Jardine understands and appreciates her sources, and she writes exceptionally lively history. A pleasure to read, this book is enthusiastically recommended for large public collections and all academic libraries.--David Keymer, Modesto, CA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Appeared in Publishers Weekly on 2008-08-04:
England's almost bloodless "Glorious Revolution" of 1688, in which the Dutch king William of Orange overthrew James II, began as a hostile takeover but rapidly turned into a friendly merger, according to British historian Jardine (The Awful End of Prince William the Silent). She explores the fascinating Anglo-Dutch relationship to answer how and why two sworn foes became friends so seamlessly. Jardine focuses mainly on the "subterranean" intellectual, cultural and scientific intersections between the two countries and finds that contacts were "continuous and mutually advantageous" for decades before William's invasion. Cross-border fertilization resulted in two of the greatest painters of the age--Peter Paul Rubens and Anton van Dyck--working for English patrons while esteemed members of the Royal Society (such as Isaac Newton) corresponded with their Netherlandish counterparts (such as Christian Huygens). By looking so closely at elite opinion, however, Jardine too lightly dismisses the virility of "petty nationalism" lower down the scale and too easily glosses over the very real military tensions between the two powers. Nevertheless, this is a highly original work that will appeal to fans of Simon Schama's groundbreaking The Embarrassment of Riches. Color and b&w illus. (Sept.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved
Reviews
Review Quotes
"She explores the fascinating Anglo-Dutch relationship to answer how and why two sworn foes became friends so seamlessly. . . . A highly original work that will appeal to fans of Simon Schama's The Embarrassment of Riches."
"Jardine understands and appreciates her sources, and she writes exceptionally lively history. A pleasure to read, this book is enthusiastically recommended..." (Library Journal)
"Jardine understands and appreciates her sources, and she writes exceptionally lively history. A pleasure to read, this book is enthusiastically recommended..."
"A thoroughly researched and provocative revisionist study."
"Going Dutch is elegant and thought-provoking. . . . Jardine evokes a dialogue of civilizations."
"Jardine meticulously studies the exchange of ideas between England and Holland...she leaves no stone unturned...Absorbing, enjoyable reading."
This item was reviewed in:
Kirkus Reviews,
Library Journal, August 2008
Publishers Weekly, August 2008
Booklist, September 2008
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
On November 5, 1688, William of Orange, Protestant ruler of the Dutch Republic, landed at Torbay in Devon with a force of twenty thousand men. The Glorious Revolution that followed forced James II to abdicate, and William and his wife, Mary, were jointly crowned king and queen on April 11, 1689. How was it that this almost bloodless coup took place with such apparent ease yet was not recognized as the full-blooded invasion and conquest it undoubtedly was? In this wide-ranging book, Lisa Jardine assembles new research in political and social history, together with the histories of art, music, gardening, and science, to show how Dutch tolerance, resourcefulness, and commercial acumen had effectively conquered Britain long before William and his English wife arrived in London. Going Dutch is the remarkable story of the relationship between two of Europe's most important colonial powers at the dawn of the modern age. Throughout the seventeenth century, Holland and England were engaged in an energetic commercial and cultural exchange that survived three Anglo-Dutch wars. Dutch influence also permanently reshaped England's cultural landscape. Whether through scientific discoveries, the design of royal palaces and gardens, or the introduction of works by the greatest painters of the age-Rubens, Rembrandt, and Van Dyck among them-the England we know today owes an extraordinary amount to its fierce competitor across the "narrow sea." Going Dutch demonstrates how individuals, such as Christopher Wren, Isaac Newton, and successive generations of the remarkable Huygens family, who were usually represented as isolated geniuses working in the enclosed environment of their native country in fact developed their ideas within a context of the easy Anglo-Dutch relations that laid the vital groundwork for the European Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution. Above all, Lisa Jardine tests the traditional view that the rise of England as a world power took place at the expense of the Dutch. She finds that it was a "handing off" of the baton of cultural and intellectual supremacy to a Britain expanding in international power and influence. Going Dutch not only challenges conventional interpretations of England's role in Enlightenment-era Europe but raises questions about the position in which post-empire Britain finds itself today.
Main Description
On November 5, 1688, William of Orange, Protestant ruler of the Dutch Republic, landed at Torbay in Devon with a force of twenty thousand men. The Glorious Revolution that followed forced James II to abdicate, and William and his wife, Mary, were jointly crowned king and queen on April 11, 1689. How was it that this almost bloodless coup took place with such apparent ease yet was not recognized as the full-blooded invasion and conquest it undoubtedly was?In this wide-ranging book, Lisa Jardine assembles new research in political and social history, together with the histories of art, music, gardening, and science, to show how Dutch tolerance, resourcefulness, and commercial acumen had effectively conquered Britain long before William and his English wife arrived in London. Going Dutch is the remarkable story of the relationship between two of Europe's most important colonial powers at the dawn of the modern age.Throughout the seventeenth century, Holland and England were engaged in an energetic commercial and cultural exchange that survived three Anglo-Dutch wars. Dutch influence also permanently reshaped England's cultural landscape. Whether through scientific discoveries, the design of royal palaces and gardens, or the introduction of works by the greatest painters of the age-Rubens, Rembrandt, and Van Dyck among them-the England we know today owes an extraordinary amount to its fierce competitor across the "narrow sea."Going Dutch demonstrates how individuals, such as Christopher Wren, Isaac Newton, and successive generations of the remarkable Huygens family, who were usually represented as isolated geniuses working in the enclosed environment of their native country in fact developed their ideas within a context of the easy Anglo-Dutch relations that laid the vital groundwork for the European Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution.Above all, Lisa Jardine tests the traditional view that the rise of England as a world power took place at the expense of the Dutch. She finds that it was a "handing off" of the baton of cultural and intellectual supremacy to a Britain expanding in international power and influence. Going Dutch not only challenges conventional interpretations of England's role in Enlightenment-era Europe but raises questions about the position in which post-empire Britain finds itself today.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Map: The United Provinces, or Dutch Republic
England invaded by the Dutch: The Conquest that Never Wasp. 1
From Invasion to Glorious Revolution: Editing Out the Dutchp. 27
Royal and Almost-Royal Families: 'How England Came to be Ruled by an Orange'p. 53
Designing Dutch Princely Rule: The Cultural Diplomacy of 'Mr Huggins'p. 81
Auction, Exchange, Traffic and Trickle-Down: Dutch Influence on English Artp. 113
Double Portraits: Mixed and Companionate Marriagesp. 149
Consorts of Viols, Theorbos and Anglo-Dutch Voicesp. 175
Masters of All They Survey: Anglo-Dutch Passion for Gardens and Gardeningp. 205
Paradise on Earth: Garnering Riches and Bringing Them Homep. 233
Anglo-Dutch Exchange and the New Science: A Chapter of Accidentsp. 263
Science Under the Microscope: More Anglo-Dutch Misunderstandingsp. 291
Anglo-Dutch Influence Abroad: Competition, Market Forces and Money Markets on a Global Scalep. 319
Conclusion: Going Dutchp. 349
Huygens Family Treep. 359
Stuart Family Treep. 360
House of Orange Family Treep. 361
Notesp. 363
Bibliography of Secondary Sourcesp. 381
Indexp. 393
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

This information is provided by a service that aggregates data from review sources and other sources that are often consulted by libraries, and readers. The University does not edit this information and merely includes it as a convenience for users. It does not warrant that reviews are accurate. As with any review users should approach reviews critically and where deemed necessary should consult multiple review sources. Any concerns or questions about particular reviews should be directed to the reviewer and/or publisher.

  link to old catalogue

Report a problem