Catalogue


Russia, 1762-1825 : military power, the state, and the people /
Janet M. Hartley.
imprint
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2008.
description
viii, 318 p.
ISBN
9780275978716 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2008.
isbn
9780275978716 (alk. paper)
contents note
Introduction: Russia at war 1762-1825 -- The military estate: size and composition -- The lower ranks: conscription and community -- The officer corps: service and challenge to the state -- The cost: expenditure and income -- The cost: agriculture, industry and trade -- The impact: conflict with civilians in peace and war -- The state: administration, law and magic -- The expansion of the state: conflict, assimilation. identity -- Rulers and armies: warfare, image, culture and identity -- The military colonies.
catalogue key
6377445
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [275]-302) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2009-02-01:
Russia was one of the principal players on the international stage in the 18th and 19th centuries. Hartley (London School of Economics) puts this significant period of Russian history into perspective by focusing on the connections between the economic growth of Russia and the Russian military. Precisely, it was the militarization of the state that retarded Russian economic development for the Romanovs. Relying on an exhaustive review of Russian primary sources and the best scholarship in the West, Hartley presents a vivid picture of the composition of Russia, the imperial officer corps, and the Russian agriculture system, including the status of the rural population that endured serfdom. The expansive nature of the Russian autocracy required the maintenance of a large military machine. Nothing dramatized this more than the creation of military colonies, where soldiers and their families were closely monitored and regulated by the army. One could wonder, as Hartley does, whether a Russia less concerned with military expansion could have laid the foundations for a modern industrial state and avoided the pitfalls of the future. A worthy addition to any academic library. Summing Up: Recommended. All levels/libraries. C. C. Lovett Emporia State University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"In this splendidly documented study of the relationship between the Russian armed forces and society in the years 1762-1825, Hartley successfully challenges the idea that Russia became a garrison state. Her book will be required reading by those interested in the modernization of Russia."
"In this splendidly documented study of the relationship between the Russian armed forces and society in the years 1762-1825, Hartley successfully challenges the idea that Russia became a "garrison state." Her book will be required reading by those interested in the modernization of Russia." - Isabel de Madariaga, Emeritus Professor of Russian Studies in the University of London, School of Slavonic and East European Studies
"Janet Hartley's work is a thoughtful and deeply informed study of the sinews of Russian power in the period when Russia was widely seen as possessing Europe's most formidable military machine. It also looks closely at the impact of war and military power on Russian state and society. Even historians of Russia will learn much from this book. For non-Russianists it will be a crucial source of new information but also a stimulating and often surprising aid to thoughtful comparisons about military power, modernization, and the militarization of society in eighteenth and nineteenth-century Europe."
"Janet Hartley's work is a thoughtful and deeply informed study of the "sinews of Russian power" in the period when Russia was widely seen as possessing Europe's most formidable military machine. It also looks closely at the impact of war and military power on Russian state and society. Even historians of Russia will learn much from this book. For non-Russianists it will be a crucial source of new information but also a stimulating and often surprising aid to thoughtful comparisons about military power, modernization, and the militarization of society in eighteenth and nineteenth-century Europe." - Dominic Lieven, Professor London School of Economics
"Hartley (London School of Economics) puts this significant period of Russian history into perspective by focusing on the connections between the economic growth of Russia and the Russian military. . . . A worthy addition to any academic library. . . . Recommended. All levels/libraries." - Choice
"In many respects, Hartley's examination is a fascinating one. . . Hartley offers an important new consideration of the significance of the Russian military in the society that sustained it during a crucial period." - Slavic Review
"[W]e have every reason to welcome Janet M. Hartley's new book, which covers considerable ground." - American Historical Review
"In her by now customary manner Janet Hartley has produced another book that is rich in detail, sensible in analysis, and attentive to the careful reconstruction of historical events. Lucidly written and extensively documented, Russia, 1762-1825 explores the development of Russian military power with reference to state-building and the cost to society. . . . Hartley ends her book with an enlightening and original discussion of the military colonies established by Alexander I and abolished by his successor, Nicholas I. . . . Defeat in the Crimean War showed that Russia's military might could not be sustained without significant economic and social change. Yet until the 1850s Russia remained stable and militarily powerful despite the revolutionary upheavals affecting other parts of Europe. Thanks to the hard work of Janet Hartley, scholars have an intelligent account of why this was so." - The Russian Review
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, February 2009
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Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
How was Russia, a country with none of the obvious trappings of modernization, able to sustain a high level of military effort and support the largest standing army in Europe? This study offers a social, economic and cultural history of Russia in the years of Catherine the Great and Alexander I.
Long Description
A study of the Russian Empire at the peak of its military power and success (1762-1825), this important book examines how a country with none of the obvious trappings of modernization was able to significantly expand its territory. Russia's military and naval victories culminated in the triumphal entrance of Russian forces into Paris in 1814 in celebration of the defeat of Napoleon. Hartley's treatment is wide-ranging and discusses many aspects of the nature of the Russian state and society-not merely issues such as recruitment, but also institutional, legal, and fiscal structures of the state, the unique nature of Russian industrialization and social organization at the urban and village level, as well as the impact on cultural life. She covers the reign of two of Russia's most prominent rulers: Catherine II (1762-1796) and Alexander I (1801-25). How could a country lacking modernized structures-political, institutional, social, fiscal, economic, industrial, and cultural-sustain this level of military effort and support the largest standing army in Europe? What impact did the strain of this commitment of men and money, including the invasion of 1812, have on the state and society-particularly on those who were either conscripted or the dependents they left behind? Despite the success of the Russian state, by 1825 the strains would become almost unsustainable.
Main Description
A study of the Russian Empire at the peak of its military power and success (1762-1825), this important book examines how a country with none of the obvious trappings of modernization was able to significantly expand its territory. Russia's military and naval victories culminated in the triumphal entrance of Russian forces into Paris in 1814 in celebration of the defeat of Napoleon. Hartley's treatment is wide-ranging and discusses many aspects of the nature of the Russian state and society-not merely issues such as recruitment, but also institutional, legal, and fiscal structures of the state, the unique nature of Russian industrialization and social organization at the urban and village level, as well as the impact on cultural life. She covers the reign of two of Russia's most prominent rulers: Catherine II (1762-1796) and Alexander I (1801-25).
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introduction: Russia at War, 1762-1825p. 1
The Military Estate: Size and Deploymentp. 8
The Lower Ranks: Conscription and Communityp. 25
The Officer Corps: Service and Challenge to the Statep. 48
The Cost: Expenditure and Incomep. 69
The Cost: Agriculture, Industry, and Tradep. 85
The Impact: Conflict with Civilians in Peace and Warp. 108
The State: Administration, Law, and Magicp. 126
The Expansion of the State: Conflict, Assimilation, and Identityp. 148
Rulers and Armies: Warfare, Image, Culture, and Identityp. 169
The Military Coloniesp. 190
Conclusion: Militarization and Modernization?p. 209
Abbreviationsp. 217
Notesp. 221
Glossaryp. 273
Bibliographyp. 275
Indexp. 303
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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