Catalogue


With axe and Bible : the Scottish pioneers of New Brunswick, 1784-1874 /
Lucille H. Campey.
imprint
Toronto : Natural Heritage Books, c2007.
description
xvii, 206 p. : ill., coat of arms, maps, ports. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
1897045220, 9781897045220
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Toronto : Natural Heritage Books, c2007.
isbn
1897045220
9781897045220
catalogue key
6215343
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [181]-190) and index.
A Look Inside
Summaries
Main Description
New Brunswick's enormous timber trade attracted the first wave of Scots in the late 18th century. As economic conditions in Scotland worsened, the flow of emigrants increased, creating distinctive Scottish communities along the province's major timber bays and river frontages. While Scots relied on the timber trade for economic sustenance, their religion offered another form of support. It sustained them in a spiritual and cultural sense. These two themes, the axe and the bible, underpin their story. Using wide-ranging documentary sources, including passengers lists and newspaper shipping reports, the book traces the progress of Scottish colonization and its ramification for the province's early development. The book is the first fully documented account of Scottish emigration to New Brunswick ever to be written. Most Scots came in small groups but there were also great contingents such as the Arran emigrants who settled in Restigouche and the Kincardine emigrants who settled in the Upper St. John Valley. Lowlanders were dispersed fairly widely while Highlanders became concentrated in particular areas like Miramichi Bay. What factors caused them to select their various locations? What problems did they face? Were they successful pioneers? Why was the Scottish Church so important to them? In tracing the process of emigration, author Lucille H. Campey offers new insights on where Scots settled, their overall impact and the cultural legacy which they left behind. With axe and bible Scots overcame great hardship and peril and through their efforts created many of the province's most enduring pioneer settlements.
Table of Contents
Tables and Figuresp. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Abbreviationsp. xviii
The First Pencils of Lightp. 3
Loyalist Arrivalsp. 16
Early Forest Clearings: The Charlotte County Scotsp. 33
Attractions of the Miramichi: The Northumberland County Scotsp. 48
Searching for River Frontages: Scottish Concentrations in the Southeastp. 74
The Timber Trade Moves North: The Restigouche County Scotsp. 95
The Skye Settlersp. 105
Later Arrivals: New Kincardineshire and Other Settlementsp. 114
With Axe and Biblep. 130
Ship Crossings from Scotland to New Brunswick, 1784-1848p. 141
Characteristics of Vessels Listed in Appendix Ip. 151
Notesp. 156
Bibliographyp. 181
Indexp. 191
About the Authorp. 205
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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