Trusted travellers : the identity-industrial complex, race and Canada's permanent resident card /
by Simone Arlene Browne.
viii, 206 leaves : ill.
Microform, Thesis
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dissertation note
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Toronto, 2007.
In this dissertation I argue that contemporary border control is being reconstituted through techniques and rationalities of an identity-industrial complex. This complex is concerned with surveillance, militarism and for-profit risk management, and rationalized through neo-liberal ideologies of market-oriented strategizing, the autonomous self and responsibilization.My research reveals the binary and mutually constituting relation between high-tech securitization as a solution to risk management and the production of the trusted traveller, and by extension the 'responsible immigrant'. I argue that the travelling subject is made trusted by highlighting her difference from those who are assumed to pose a threat to national security, and to rights of mobility and stability. By way of neo-liberal practices of responsibilization, such as application forms, the travelling subject produces herself as trusted and self-regulating. In this way, I argue that the PRC is as much about self-control as it is about border control.Canada's permanent resident card (PRC) serves as the site for this study, in which I show that new technologies of surveillance and border control rely on the notion that the body will reveal the truth about a person's identity despite the subject's claims. I argue that the PRC encodes 'truths' of identity by differentiating people in terms of citizenship status, gender, place of birth, country code and other categories. I show how the PRC nationalizes and racializes its holders by fixing certain identities and origins onto particular groups and individuals. Using Michel Foucault's notions of reason of state and disciplinary society, as well as recent work in surveillance. studies, I demonstrate that the PRC enables the remaking of the category of 'permanent resident' as a subject positioned in relation to anticipated security 'threats' attributed to 'illegal' migrants. Critical discourse analysis allows me to trace transcripts from Parliamentary Standing Committee meetings and to examine media texts, application forms and government(al) documents.
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Includes bibliographical references (leaves 196-206)

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