China upside down : currency, society, and ideologies, 1808-1856 /
Man-houng Lin.
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Asia Center, 2006.
xxvi, 362 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm.
0674022688 (cl : alk. paper), 9780674022683
More Details
Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Asia Center, 2006.
0674022688 (cl : alk. paper)
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. [315]-345) and index.
A Look Inside
Main Description
Many scholars have noted the role of China's demand for silver in the emergence of the modern world. This book discusses the interaction of this demand and the early-nineteenth-century Latin American independence movements, changes in the world economy, the resulting disruptions in the Qing dynasty, and the transformation from the High Qing to modern China. Man-houng Lin shows how the disruption in the world's silver supply caused by the turmoil in Latin America and subsequent changes in global markets led to the massive outflow of silver from China and the crisis of the Qing empire. During the first stage of this dynastic crisis, traditional ideas favoring plural centers of power became more popular than they ever had been. As the crisis developed, however, statist ideas came to the fore. Even though the Qing survived with the resumption of the influx of Latin American silver, its status relative to Japan in the East Asian order slipped. The statist inclination, although moderated to a degree in the modern period, is still ascendant in China today. These changes--Qing China's near-collapse, the beginning of its eclipse by Japan in the East Asian order, and shifting notions of the proper relationship between state and market and between state and society--led to "China upside down."
Table of Contents
Tables, Maps, and Figuresp. xv
Abbreviations and Dynastiesp. xix
Explanatory Notesp. xxiii
Introductionp. 1
Currency and Chinap. 2
The Rise and Differentiation of Statecraft Thoughtp. 14
From High Qing to Late Qing: Global Erosionp. 23
Global Links: Silver and the World
A Vulnerable Empirep. 29
The Copper Coin Systemp. 30
Silver Use from the Sixteenth to the Early Nineteenth Centuriesp. 39
Silver Supply from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Centuriesp. 57
Conclusionp. 68
Opium: The Culprit?p. 72
Time, Space, and the Quantity of Silver Outflowp. 74
Silver and Opium in China's Balance of Paymentsp. 87
Chinese Tea and Silk Exports, 1850-86p. 96
The Global Decrease in Silver and Chinap. 107
Conclusionp. 113
Disturbance of the Social Orderp. 115
Interregional Dimensionsp. 117
The Intraregional Rural-Urban Dimensionsp. 124
The Crisis of the Qing Statep. 133
Conclusionp. 141
Cultural Resources for Economic Debates
Monetary Debates and Policiesp. 147
Wang Liu's Proposalsp. 149
General Responses to Wang Liu's Bookp. 152
Wang Liu's Dialogue with Bao Shichen and Chen Shanp. 154
Criticism from Wei Yuan and Xu Meip. 159
Further Monetary Discoursep. 164
Monetary Policies Takenp. 172
Conclusionp. 178
Chinese Inspiration and Western Comparisonp. 180
Negligible Foreign Intellectual Influencep. 181
A Flexible Tradition of Economic Ideologyp. 183
Western Comparisonsp. 189
Conclusionp. 197
The Competition Among Intellectual Models
The Social Theories of the Two Statecraft Groupsp. 203
Perceptions of Human Naturep. 206
Concepts of the Statep. 209
State Versus Heaven or the Sagesp. 211
State Power Versus Market Forcep. 213
Commerce, Trade, and Consumptionp. 215
Private Propertyp. 218
Historical Changep. 221
Conclusionp. 226
Classical Studies, Writing Styles, and Statecraft Thoughtp. 228
Statecraft Scholars' Practical Interestsp. 229
Intellectual Inclinationp. 239
Conclusionp. 257
The Temporary Victory of the Accommodationist Stancep. 261
Acceptance of Accommodationist Economic Proposalsp. 262
Interventionist Policies in the Self-Strengthening Periodp. 265
Changes in Intellectual Currentsp. 270
The Currency Crisis and the Accommodationist Inclinationp. 272
The Late Nineteenth-Century Crisis and the Interventionist Bentp. 278
Conclusionp. 281
Conclusionp. 285
The Seriousness of the Silver Outflowp. 285
The World Economy and China's Dynastic Declinep. 287
Statecraft Thought and Social Realitiesp. 297
"Aborad Capitalism?"p. 308
Reference Matter
Bibliographyp. 315
Indexp. 347
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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