The career and students of Peter Lombard (France) /
by Matthew Anthony Doyle.
296 leaves.
Microform, Thesis
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dissertation note
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Toronto, 2006.
general note
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-07, Section: A, page: 2704.
The consistent focus on the Sentences in scholarship on Peter Lombard has not allowed enough light to be shed on other aspects of his life, career, and writings. Peter came to France to complete his theological training thanks to the support of Uberto, bishop of Lucca, and Bernard of Clairvaux, two powerful figures who at the time were working to ensure the acceptance of Innocent II in the papal schism of the 1130's. In France, Peter gained entry into the canons of Notre Dame at a time when the number of masters in the chapter was growing. Peter, of non-aristocratic and non-French background, was in the minority in the chapter, but this helped ensure his gradual rise to the bishopric of Paris, since he was a comparatively neutral figure, without ties to the divisions that had marked the canons in the first half of the twelfth century.The school of Peter Lombard emerges clearly because we know when, where and whom he taught. His sermons show how he presented theological material to an audience, and also give a flavour of his personality. They are most notable for tight, developing structures, and warm exhortation. Peter's students, although their careers and writings went in different directions, showed considerable loyalty to their master after his death. This took the form of ensuring that his works would be read, understood and copied. Peter Comestor prepared a commentary on the Sentences, and an abridgement for the use of a wider audience. There are echoes of Peter's school in the work of William of Tyre. Also, some of the students defended Peter's work when attempts were made to condemn it. Herbert of Bosham prepared an edition of Peter Lombard's commentary on the Psalms at a time when allegations about Peter's christological teachings were at their most dangerous. Herbert's manuscript refers to christology and is intended to underline Peter's orthodoxy on this issue. Adam of Wales, another pupil, defended Lombard's christological teachings before the pope, in the lead up to the Third Lateran Council.
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