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Pride versus prejudice : Jewish doctors and lawyers in England, 1890-1990 /
John Cooper.
Oxford ; Portland, Ore. : Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2003.
viii, 451 p. ; 24 cm.
More Details
Oxford ; Portland, Ore. : Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2003.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. [407]-424) and indexes.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
John Cooper studied history at Balliol College, Oxford, and was in private legal practice until his retirement
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2004-05-01:
Cooper provides a systematic examination of Anglo-Jewish participation in the professions of law and medicine from the late Victorian era through the 20th century. Although he uses statistical data, the book's main strength is its qualitative, rather than quantitative, approach, which results in a richly textured narrative of the challenges, failures, and successes of dozens of Jewish men and women, both native born and immigrant. One of the most obvious questions is to what degree antisemitism inhibited, or channeled, Jewish involvement in the legal and medical worlds. Cooper's argument that prior to WW II, assimilated Jews (especially those from the Anglo-Jewish elite) faced fewer impediments than more recent immigrants is supported by similar studies of US Jewry. A major challenge is to define the difference between a Jewish professional and a professional who happens to be of Jewish birth. Cooper primarily focuses on individuals who identified themselves as Jews, or who participated in Jewish communal life. While some judgments are more subjective than others, his choices are general sound. Those unfamiliar with the nuances of English medicine and law may have problems following the various terms. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Advanced undergraduates and up. F. Krome Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, May 2004
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Main Description
This pioneering study is a treasure trove of new information, illustrating the lives and professional experiences of the people involved in such a way as to demonstrate clearly both the obstacles they faced and the status they achieved. Its wealth of detail, in many cases fleshing out the careers of leading Jewish professional figures for the first time, makes engaging reading. The narrative proceeds with careful attention to social context, starting with the Victorian and Edwardian eras. For the medical profession, the account of subsequent changes begins with the influx of Jews into medical schools after 1914. Cooper describes the problems encountered by these Jewish medical students, most of whom were from immigrant families. Finding employment even as general practitioners was problematic, and almost insurmountable barriers confronted aspirants to consultant status. In the 1930s, fear of antisemitism caused the leaders of Anglo-Jewry to try to persuade young Jews from becoming doctors at all. The establishment of the National Health Service in 1948 resulted in fundamental changes in the medical profession, permitting Jews to enter specialties from which they had previously been excluded and to climb to the highest rungs within the medical hierarchy. Cooper summarizes the careers of many prominent Jewish doctors. The experience of Jews in the legal profession is examined in similar detail. Cooper sets the context with a discussion of the treatment of Jewish litigants in the early years of the twentieth century in the Whitechapel County Court and the criminal courts. He shows how the persistence of an anti-Jewish bias in the interwar period limited opportunities for Jews and dissuaded them from entering the law. After the war, major changes in the economy and legal system allowed Jewish law firms to expand rapidly. Many of these firms consequently began to admit Jewish partners for the first time. Jewish barristers were likewise able to enter the more lucrative pastures of company and tax law. From the late 1960s, Jews were also promoted in increasing numbers to position on the High Court Bench. As well as giving a detailed picture of these mainstream developments the book also looks at the careers of Jewish communist, socialist, and maverick lawyers. The story John Cooper tells will appeal not only to readers with a general interest in the subject but also to social historians. It is based on a wide range of sources, including newspapers and professional journals, archival material, law reports, and interviews conducted by the author, and there is a detailed index of names and subjects. As well as providing an illuminating account of recent Jewish social history, the book makes a valuable contribution to the history of the medical and legal professions and to the scholarly debate as to whether or not antisemitism was of peripheral or central importance in Anglo-Jewish history.
Unpaid Annotation
An illuminating account of recent Jewish social history and the history of the medical and legal professions, and to the scholarly debate as to whether or not antisemitism was of peripheral or central importance in Anglo-Jewish history.
Table of Contents
Abbreviationsp. x
Introductionp. 1
Victorian and Edwardian Jewish Doctorsp. 11
The Entry of East European Jews into Medicine, 1914-1939p. 43
Jewish General Practitioners and Consultants between the World Warsp. 68
Jewish Barristers in the Victorian and Edwardian Era, 1890-1914p. 93
Jews at the Bar from 1918 Until the End of the Second World Warp. 112
Jews and the Courts, 1900-1945p. 135
Jewish Solicitors, 1890-1939p. 151
The Entry of East European Jews into the Law between the World Warsp. 184
Jewish Refugee Doctorsp. 208
Jewish Refugee Lawyersp. 237
Jewish Consultants after the Second World Warp. 252
Jewish Solicitors, 1945-1990p. 286
Jewish Communist, Socialist, and Maverick Lawyersp. 329
Jewish Barristers, 1945-1990p. 344
Jews in the Judiciary, 1945-1990p. 369
Conclusionp. 397
Bibliographyp. 407
Index of Personal Namesp. 425
Index of Subjectsp. 436
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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