Catalogue


Rebellion and savagery : the Jacobite rising of 1745 and the British Empire /
Geoffrey Plank.
imprint
Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, c2006.
description
259 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0812238982 (alk. paper), 9780812238983
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, c2006.
isbn
0812238982 (alk. paper)
9780812238983
catalogue key
5650612
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. [193]-249) and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2006-07-01:
Using research into the private and official correspondence of the Duke of Cumberland and his proteges, Plank (Univ. of Cincinnati) focuses on the army's role in suppressing the Jacobite Rising of 1745 and in reforming local economic, legal, and social customs to secure the future loyalty of the Scottish Highlands. He sets the Rising in a wider imperial context, and suggests some of the ideological underpinnings of British policy toward the French population of North America covered in his first book (An Unsettled Conquest, the British Campaign against the Peoples of Acadia, CH, Jul'01, 38-6403) by showing that Cumberland's officers believed similar reforms should be used to control rebellious populations throughout the empire. While Plank is to be commended for his lively prose, careful scholarship, and thought-provoking thesis, his own narrative suggests the Rising had little actual effect on imperial policy. The army's attempt to control the local population through coercive reforms was quickly abandoned in the Mediterranean, and the unique political circumstances and antagonists the army faced in North America seemed to preclude the straightforward application of similar reforms there, as Fred Anderson's broader examination of imperial policy in Crucible of War (CH, Jul'00, 37-6428) suggests. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. P. C. Kennedy York College of Pennsylvania
Reviews
Review Quotes
" Rebellion and Savagery brings forth a stimulating and persuasive argument that could well present an implicit corrective to late eighteenth-century British colonial history."- Canadian Journal of History
"Rebellion and Savagerybrings forth a stimulating and persuasive argument that could well present an implicit corrective to late eighteenth-century British colonial history."--Canadian Journal of History
"An ambitious study, in line with recent demands for scholarly investigations which would chart the interrelations between the decline of Jacobitism and Britain's colonial project."- Journal of British Studies
"Historians surrendered the '45 to romance novelists and tourists long ago. Plank has rescued it from their clutches and given cause for us to reevaluate its significance, for both the eighteenth-century British empire and the problems that plague our own time."--H-Net Reviews
"An ambitious study, in line with recent demands for scholarly investigations which would chart the interrelations between the decline of Jacobitism and Britain's colonial project."--Journal of British Studies
"An original, challenging, and important book: exhaustively researched and convincingly argued."- Jacobite Magazine
"An original, challenging, and important book: exhaustively researched and convincingly argued."--Jacobite Magazine
"Historians surrendered the '45 to romance novelists and tourists long ago. Plank has rescued it from their clutches and given cause for us to reevaluate its significance, for both the eighteenth-century British empire and the problems that plague our own time."- H-Net Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, July 2006
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Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
In 1745, Charles Edward Stuart, 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' landed on the west coast of Scotland intending to overthrow George II and restore the Stuart family to the throne. The Jacobite Rising threw the entire British Empire into crisis. Geoffrey Plank examines the rebellion and its aftermath on an imperial scale.
Main Description
In the summer of 1745, Charles Edward Stuart, the grandson of England's King James II, landed on the western coast of Scotland intending to overthrow George II and restore the Stuart family to the throne. He gathered thousands of supporters, and the insurrection he led--the Jacobite Rising of 1745--was a crisis not only for Britain but for the entire British Empire.Rebellion and Savageryexamines the 1745 rising and its aftermath on an imperial scale. Charles Edward gained support from the clans of the Scottish Highlands, communities that had long been derided as primitive. In 1745 the Jacobite Highlanders were denigrated both as rebels and as savages, and this double stigma helped provoke and legitimate the violence of the government's anti-Jacobite campaigns. Though the colonies stayed relatively peaceful in 1745, the rising inspired fear of a global conspiracy among Jacobites and other suspect groups, including North America's purported savages. The defeat of the rising transformed the leader of the army, the Duke of Cumberland, into a popular hero on both sides of the Atlantic. With unprecedented support for the maintenance of peacetime forces, Cumberland deployed new garrisons in the Scottish Highlands and also in the Mediterranean and North America. In all these places his troops were engaged in similar missions: demanding loyalty from all local inhabitants and advancing the cause of British civilization. The recent crisis gave a sense of urgency to their efforts. Confident that "a free people cannot oppress," the leaders of the army became Britain's most powerful and uncompromising imperialists. Geoffrey Plank argues that the events of 1745 marked a turning point in the fortunes of the British Empire by creating a new political interest in favor of aggressive imperialism, and also by sparking discussion of how the British should promote market-based economic relations in order to integrate indigenous peoples within their empire. The spread of these new political ideas was facilitated by a large-scale migration of people involved in the rising from Britain to the colonies, beginning with hundreds of prisoners seized on the field of battle and continuing in subsequent years to include thousands of men, women and children. Some of the migrants were former Jacobites and others had stood against the insurrection. The event affected all the British domains.
Main Description
In the summer of 1745, Charles Edward Stuart, the grandson of England's King James II, landed on the western coast of Scotland intending to overthrow George II and restore the Stuart family to the throne. He gathered thousands of supporters, and the insurrection he led-the Jacobite Rising of 1745-was a crisis not only for Britain but for the entire British Empire. Rebellion and Savagery examines the 1745 rising and its aftermath on an imperial scale. Charles Edward gained support from the clans of the Scottish Highlands, communities that had long been derided as primitive. In 1745 the Jacobite Highlanders were denigrated both as rebels and as savages, and this double stigma helped provoke and legitimate the violence of the government's anti-Jacobite campaigns. Though the colonies stayed relatively peaceful in 1745, the rising inspired fear of a global conspiracy among Jacobites and other suspect groups, including North America's purported savages. The defeat of the rising transformed the leader of the army, the Duke of Cumberland, into a popular hero on both sides of the Atlantic. With unprecedented support for the maintenance of peacetime forces, Cumberland deployed new garrisons in the Scottish Highlands and also in the Mediterranean and North America. In all these places his troops were engaged in similar missions: demanding loyalty from all local inhabitants and advancing the cause of British civilization. The recent crisis gave a sense of urgency to their efforts. Confident that "a free people cannot oppress," the leaders of the army became Britain's most powerful and uncompromising imperialists. Geoffrey Plank argues that the events of 1745 marked a turning point in the fortunes of the British Empire by creating a new political interest in favor of aggressive imperialism, and also by sparking discussion of how the British should promote market-based economic relations in order to integrate indigenous peoples within their empire. The spread of these new political ideas was facilitated by a large-scale migration of people involved in the rising from Britain to the colonies, beginning with hundreds of prisoners seized on the field of battle and continuing in subsequent years to include thousands of men, women and children. Some of the migrants were former Jacobites and others had stood against the insurrection. The event affected all the British domains.
Table of Contents
Introductionp. 1
The Response to the Crisis
Rebellion: Criminal Prosecution and the Jacobite Soldiersp. 29
Savagery: Military Execution and the Inhabitants of the Highlandsp. 53
The 1745 Crisis in the Empirep. 77
Cumberland's Army and the World
Cumberland's Army in Scotlandp. 103
Cumberland's Army in the Mediterraneanp. 130
Cumberland's Army in North Americap. 155
Epilogue: Cumberland's Death and the End of the Officers' Careersp. 181
Notesp. 193
Indexp. 251
Acknowledgmentsp. 257
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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