Catalogue


From dominance to disappearance : the Indians of Texas and the near Southwest, 1786-1859 /
F. Todd Smith.
imprint
Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2005.
description
xv, 314 p.
ISBN
0803243138 (cloth : alk. paper), 9780803243132 (cloth : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, c2005.
isbn
0803243138 (cloth : alk. paper)
9780803243132 (cloth : alk. paper)
contents note
Dominance : the Indians of Texas and the near Southwest to 1786 -- Tenuous coexistence : the Indians and Spain, 1786 to 1803 -- Contested boundaries : the Indians, Spain, and the United States, 1804 to 1810 -- Transformation : the Indians and the breakdown of Spanish Texas, 1811 to 1822 -- Destruction : the Indians, Mexican Texas, and the American intrusion, 1823 to 1835 -- Defeat : the Indians and the Republic of Texas, 1836 to 1845 -- Desperation : the Indians and the United States, 1846 to 1853 -- Disappearance : the Indians and the Texas Reserves, 1854 to 1859 -- Epilogue.
catalogue key
5650524
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2006-06-01:
Smith's ambitious study focuses on Texas Indians and their complex relationships with newcomers from Spain, France, Mexico, and the US. He provides a useful introduction to describe the Indians' dominance of the "near Southwest" (primarily Texas and parts of Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Louisiana), then focuses on a critical period that scholars have largely neglected--from 1786, when Spanish and Comanche leaders established important peace agreements, to 1859, when virtually all Texas Indians had been either eradicated or driven outside the state's boundaries. Smith (Univ. of North Texas) views his work as a successor to Elizabeth A. H. John's Storms Brewed in Other Men's Worlds (CH, Dec'75), which traced Indian-Spanish-French relations in the Southwest to 1795. He contends that a key to understanding the Indians' transition from "dominance to disappearance" lies with demographics: as long as Indians outnumbered Euroamericans, their place in the near Southwest remained secure. But as disease, intertribal warfare, and conflicts with Euroamericans increased in the early 19th century, the position of Texas Indians deteriorated. Following the formation of the Mexican Republic in 1823 and subsequent surge of American settlements in Texas, Native peoples in the near Southwest found themselves outnumbered for the first time. This important study based upon published and unpublished Spanish- and French-language sources makes a major contribution to Native American, borderland, and Texas history. ^BSumming Up: Essential. All levels/libraries. T. A. Britten University of Texas at Brownsville
Reviews
Review Quotes
"A comprehensive narrative of the interactions that occurred between American Indians, these three European powers, and the United States. . . . Smith's account is breathtakingly complex, and clearly reflects his painstaking research in primary sources written in three languages. . . . Encyclopedic in scope, this book is a must read for any serious scholar of American Indian History." Byron E. Pearson, Western Historical Quarterly
"A comprehensive narrative of the interactions that occurred between American Indians, these three European powers, and the United States. . . . Smith's account is breathtakingly complex, and clearly reflects his painstaking research in primary sources written in three languages. . . . Encyclopedic in scope, this book is a must read for any serious scholar of American Indian History." Byron E. Pearson,Western Historical Quarterly
"An ambitious study." Hispanic American Historical Review
"An ambitious study."Hispanic American Historical Review
"A straightforward chronological reference . . . significant and much-needed."Daniel J. Gelo , Journal of American History
"A straightforward chronological reference . . . significant and much-needed."Daniel J. Gelo, Journal of American History
"From Dominance to Disappearanceis an ambitious study that chronicles the tragic histories of scores of Indian groups as they struggled to maintain their cherished autonomy and livelihood in an increasingly hostile environment."Hispanic American Historical Review
" From Dominance to Disappearance: The Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest, 1786-1859 is a skillfully written, captivating history on this understudied and often overlooked topic in southern history." Journal of Southern History
"From Dominance to Disappearance: The Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest, 1786-1859is a skillfully written, captivating history on this understudied and often overlooked topic in southern history."Journal of Southern History
"Here we have, at last, the first really comprehensive survey of the history of all Indians of Texas, including tribes that spilled over into Louisiana and Oklahoma. . . . This book is a valuable reference source."Richard H. Dillon,True West
"Here we have, at last, the first really comprehensive survey of the history of all Indians of Texas, including tribes that spilled over into Louisiana and Oklahoma. . . . This book is a valuable reference source."-Richard H. Dillon, "True West"
"Here we have, at last, the first really comprehensive survey of the history of all Indians of Texas, including tribes that spilled over into Louisiana and Oklahoma. . . . This book is a valuable reference source."Richard H. Dillon, True West
"Smith's careful review of French and Spanish archival materials adds a welcome new dimension to the information generally available for this era. . . . In relating this tale, Smith effectively shatters the schoolbook myth that Indians were a barrier to American advancement in the west, showing instead how the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest sought continuously though (though often imperfectly) to work out arrangements whereby they could coexist peacefully with colonists and settlers." George Sabo III, Arkansas Historical Quarterly
"Smith's careful review of French and Spanish archival materials adds a welcome new dimension to the information generally available for this era. . . . In relating this tale, Smith effectively shatters the schoolbook myth that Indians were a barrier to American advancement in the west, showing instead how the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest sought continuously though (though often imperfectly) to work out arrangements whereby they could coexist peacefully with colonists and settlers." George Sabo III,Arkansas Historical Quarterly
"This important study based upon published and unpublished Spanish- and French-language sources makes a major contribution to Native American, borderland, and Texas history. . . . Essential."CHOICE
"This important study based upon published and unpublished Spanish- and French-language sources makes a major contribution to Native American, borderland, and Texas history. . . . Essential."-CHOICE
"This important study based upon published and unpublished Spanish- and French-language sources makes a major contribution to Native American, borderland, and Texas history. . . . Essential." Choice
"This important study . . . makes a major contribution to Native American, borderland, and Texas history."-CHOICE
"This important study . . . makes a major contribution to Native American, borderland, and Texas history."-"CHOICE"
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, June 2006
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Bowker Data Service Summary
A detailed history of the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest from the late 18th to the middle 19th century, a period that began with Native peoples dominating the region and ended with their disappearance, after settlers forced the Indians in Texas to take refuge in Indian Territory.
Long Description
"From Dominance to Disappearance" is the first detailed history of the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest from the late eighteenth to the middle nineteenth century, a period that began with Native peoples dominating the region and ended with their disappearance, after settlers forced the Indians in Texas to take refuge in Indian Territory. Drawing on a variety of published and unpublished sources in Spanish, French, and English, F. Todd Smith traces the differing histories of Texas's Native peoples. He begins in 1786, when the Spaniards concluded treaties with the Comanches and the Wichitas, among others, and traces the relations between the Native peoples and the various Euroamerican groups in Texas and the Near Southwest, an area encompassing parts of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. For the first half of this period, the Native peoples--including the Caddos, the Karankawas, the Tonkawas, the Lipan Apaches, and the Atakapas as well as emigrant groups such as the Cherokees and the Alabama-Coushattas--maintained a numerical superiority over the Euroamericans that allowed them to influence the region's economic, military, and diplomatic affairs. After Texas declared its independence, however, the power of Native peoples in Texas declined dramatically, and along with it, their ability to survive in the face of overwhelming hostility. "From Dominance to Disappearance" illuminates a poorly understood chapter in the history of Texas and its indigenous people.
Main Description
From Dominance to Disappearanceis the first detailed history of the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest from the late eighteenth to the middle nineteenth century, a period that began with Native peoples dominating the region and ended with their disappearance, after settlers forced the Indians in Texas to take refuge in Indian Territory. Drawing on a variety of published and unpublished sources in Spanish, French, and English, F. Todd Smith traces the differing histories of Texas's Native peoples. He begins in 1786, when the Spaniards concluded treaties with the Comanches and the Wichitas, among others, and traces the relations between the Native peoples and the various Euroamerican groups in Texas and the Near Southwest, an area encompassing parts of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. For the first half of this period, the Native peoplesincluding the Caddos, the Karankawas, the Tonkawas, the Lipan Apaches, and the Atakapas as well as emigrant groups such as the Cherokees and the Alabama-Coushattasmaintained a numerical superiority over the Euroamericans that allowed them to influence the region's economic, military, and diplomatic affairs. After Texas declared its independence, however, the power of Native peoples in Texas declined dramatically, and along with it, their ability to survive in the face of overwhelming hostility.From Dominance to Disappearanceilluminates a poorly understood chapter in the history of Texas and its indigenous people.
Main Description
From Dominance to Disappearance is the first detailed history of the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest from the late eighteenth to the middle nineteenth century, a period that began with Native peoples dominating the region and ended with their disappearance, after settlers forced the Indians in Texas to take refuge in Indian Territory. Drawing on a variety of published and unpublished sources in Spanish, French, and English, F. Todd Smith traces the differing histories of Texas's Native peoples. He begins in 1786, when the Spaniards concluded treaties with the Comanches and the Wichitas, among others, and traces the relations between the Native peoples and the various Euroamerican groups in Texas and the Near Southwest, an area encompassing parts of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. For the first half of this period, the Native peoples--including the Caddos, the Karankawas, the Tonkawas, the Lipan Apaches, and the Atakapas as well as emigrant groups such as the Cherokees and the Alabama-Coushattas--maintained a numerical superiority over the Euroamericans that allowed them to influence the region's economic, military, and diplomatic affairs. After Texas declared its independence, however, the power of Native peoples in Texas declined dramatically, and along with it, their ability to survive in the face of overwhelming hostility. From Dominance to Disappearance illuminates a poorly understood chapter in the history of Texas and its indigenous people.
Main Description
From Dominance to Disappearance is the first detailed history of the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest from the late eighteenth to the middle nineteenth century, a period that began with Native peoples dominating the region and ended with their disappearance, after settlers forced the Indians in Texas to take refuge in Indian Territory. Drawing on a variety of published and unpublished sources in Spanish, French, and English, F. Todd Smith traces the differing histories of Texas's Native peoples. He begins in 1786, when the Spaniards concluded treaties with the Comanches and the Wichitas, among others, and traces the relations between the Native peoples and the various Euroamerican groups in Texas and the Near Southwest, an area encompassing parts of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. For the first half of this period, the Native peoples-including the Caddos, the Karankawas, the Tonkawas, the Lipan Apaches, and the Atakapas as well as emigrant groups such as the Cherokees and the Alabama-Coushattas-maintained a numerical superiority over the Euroamericans that allowed them to influence the region's economic, military, and diplomatic affairs. After Texas declared its independence, however, the power of Native peoples in Texas declined dramatically, and along with it, their ability to survive in the face of overwhelming hostility. From Dominance to Disappearance illuminates a poorly understood chapter in the history of Texas and its indigenous people.
Main Description
From Dominance to Disappearanceis the first detailed history of the Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest from the late eighteenth to the middle nineteenth century, a period that began with Native peoples dominating the region and ended with their disappearance, after settlers forced the Indians in Texas to take refuge in Indian Territory. Drawing on a variety of published and unpublished sources in Spanish, French, and English, F. Todd Smith traces the differing histories of Texas's Native peoples. He begins in 1786, when the Spaniards concluded treaties with the Comanches and the Wichitas, among others, and traces the relations between the Native peoples and the various Euroamerican groups in Texas and the Near Southwest, an area encompassing parts of Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. For the first half of this period, the Native peoples-including the Caddos, the Karankawas, the Tonkawas, the Lipan Apaches, and the Atakapas as well as emigrant groups such as the Cherokees and the Alabama-Coushattas-maintained a numerical superiority over the Euro-Americans that allowed them to influence the region's economic, military, and diplomatic affairs. After Texas declared its independence, however, the power of Native peoples in Texas declined dramatically and along with it their ability to survive in the face of overwhelming hostility.From Dominance to Disappearanceilluminates a poorly understood chapter in the history of Texas and its indigenous people. F. Todd Smith is an associate professor of history at the University of North Texas. He is the author of several books on Texas Indians, includingThe Caddo Indians: Tribes on the Convergence of Empires, 15421854, The Wichita Indians: Traders of Texas and the Southern Plains, 15401845, andThe Caddos, the Wichitas, and the United States, 18461901.
Table of Contents
Introduction
Dominance: The Indians of Texas and the Near Southwest to 1786
Tenuous Coexistence: The Indians and Spain, 1786-1803
Contested Boundaries: The Indians, Spain, and the United States, 1804-1810
The Indians and the Breakdown of Spanish Texas, 1811-1822
Destruction: The Indians, Mexican Texas, and the American Intrusion, 1823-183
Defeat: The Indians and the Republic of Texas, 1836-1845
Desperation: The Indians and the United States, 1846-1853
Disappearance: The Indians and the Texas Reserves, 1854-1859
Epilogue
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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