Catalogue


Emancipation betrayed : the hidden history of Black organizing and white violence in Florida from Reconstruction to the bloody election of 1920 /
Paul Ortiz.
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, c2005.
description
xxviii, 382 p. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
0520239466 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
series title
imprint
Berkeley : University of California Press, c2005.
isbn
0520239466 (alk. paper)
general note
"George Gund Foundation imprint in African American studies."
catalogue key
5446759
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 339-367) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Paul Ortiz is Assistant Professor of Community Studies at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Excerpts
Flap Copy
"Paul Ortiz's lyrical and closely argued study introduces us to unknown generations of freedom fighters for whom organizing democratically became in every sense a way of life. Ortiz changes the very ways we think of Southern history as he shows in marvelous detail how Black Floridians came together to defend themselves in the face of terror, to bury their dead, to challenge Jim Crow, to vote, and to dream."--David R. Roediger, author of Colored White: Transcending the Racial Past " Emancipation Betrayed is a remarkable piece of work, a tightly argued, meticulously researched examination of the first statewide movement by African Americans for civil rights, a movement which since has been effectively erased from our collective memory. The book poses a profound challenge to our understanding of the limits and possibilities of African American resistance in the early twentieth century. This analysis of how a politically and economically marginalized community nurtures the capacity for struggle speaks as much to our time as to 1919."--Charles Payne, author of I've Got the Light of Freedom
Flap Copy
"Paul Ortiz's lyrical and closely argued study introduces us to unknown generations of freedom fighters for whom organizing democratically became in every sense a way of life. Ortiz changes the very ways we think of Southern history as he shows in marvelous detail how Black Floridians came together to defend themselves in the face of terror, to bury their dead, to challenge Jim Crow, to vote, and to dream."--David R. Roediger, author ofColored White: Transcending the Racial Past "Emancipation Betrayedis a remarkable piece of work, a tightly argued, meticulously researched examination of the first statewide movement by African Americans for civil rights, a movement which since has been effectively erased from our collective memory. The book poses a profound challenge to our understanding of the limits and possibilities of African American resistance in the early twentieth century. This analysis of how a politically and economically marginalized community nurtures the capacity for struggle speaks as much to our time as to 1919."--Charles Payne, author ofI've Got the Light of Freedom
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2006-02-01:
Historians rarely claim that a movement began at a specific point, because they know there are always antecedents. Ortiz (community studies, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz) understands that the national Civil Rights Movement of the 1940s and 1950s had its origins in local movements, such as the ones he traces in Florida from the 1860s through 1920. Beginning with the Civil War and its aftermath, Ortiz argues that African Americans, from the start of their freedom, demanded and used their civil rights. They did not acquiesce to segregation laws; rather, they fought the laws at every opportunity. It was by surviving segregation that blacks gained their strength, developed their leadership, and created the organizations that coalesced in a voter registration drive in 1919 for the 1920 election. Despite physical violence, blacks voted in significant numbers. This is a compelling tale, one that helps to adjust the view that blacks were powerless in the 50 years after Reconstruction ended. However, the work could be improved by a more detailed analysis of strategies and leadership over a shorter time period. Very useful for graduate students and researchers. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. J. A. Luckett formerly, United States Military Academy
Appeared in Library Journal on 2005-03-15:
Stressing continuity in African American resistance, Ortiz (community studies, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz) positions the 1919-20 black voter registration drive and campaign leading up to the presidential election in Florida as pivotal in anti-Jim Crow black organizing. This book's nine chapters link the election struggles against disfranchisement, economic oppression, and lynching with black survival strategies going back to slavery. Ortiz insists that blacks had long refused to acquiesce to white domination. The 1920 election may have resulted in a historic victory for white supremacy, but Ortiz argues that the scope of black organizing to achieve social justice shows that the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s represented not an awakening but rather black persistence in claiming human dignity and rights. Ortiz joins scholars such as Glenda Gilmore and Charles Payne in revealing the dimensions of communal and cooperative black efforts to create democracy in America. Recommended for collections on African American, local, and U.S. political history.-Thomas J. Davis, Arizona State Univ., Tempe (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Library Journal, March 2005
Choice, February 2006
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Unpaid Annotation
A history of African American organizing in Jim Crow Florida, centrally a powerful voter registration drive that culminated in the bloody election of 1920.
Main Description
In this penetrating examination of African American politics and culture, Paul Ortiz throws a powerful light on the struggle of black Floridians to create the first statewide civil rights movement against Jim Crow. Concentrating on the period between the end of slavery and the election of 1920, Emancipation Betrayed vividly demonstrates that the decades leading up to the historic voter registration drive of 1919-20 were marked by intense battles during which African Americans struck for higher wages, took up arms to prevent lynching, forged independent political alliances, boycotted segregated streetcars, and created a democratic historical memory of the Civil War and Reconstruction. Contrary to previous claims that African Americans made few strides toward building an effective civil rights movement during this period, Ortiz documents how black Floridians formed mutual aid organizations--secret societies, women's clubs, labor unions, and churches--to bolster dignity and survival in the harsh climate of Florida, which had the highest lynching rate of any state in the union. African Americans called on these institutions to build a statewide movement to regain the right to vote after World War I. African American women played a decisive role in the campaign as they mobilized in the months leading up to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. The 1920 contest culminated in the bloodiest Election Day in modern American history, when white supremacists and the Ku Klux Klan violently, and with state sanction, prevented African Americans from voting. Ortiz's eloquent interpretation of the many ways that black Floridians fought to expand the meaning of freedom beyond formal equality and his broader consideration of how people resist oppression and create new social movements illuminate a strategic era of United States history and reveal how the legacy of legal segregation continues to play itself out to this day.
Long Description
In this penetrating examination of African American politics and culture, Paul Ortiz throws a powerful light on the struggle of black Floridians to create the first statewide civil rights movement against Jim Crow. Concentrating on the period between the end of slavery and the election of 1920,Emancipation Betrayedvividly demonstrates that the decades leading up to the historic voter registration drive of 1919-20 were marked by intense battles during which African Americans struck for higher wages, took up arms to prevent lynching, forged independent political alliances, boycotted segregated streetcars, and created a democratic historical memory of the Civil War and Reconstruction. Contrary to previous claims that African Americans made few strides toward building an effective civil rights movement during this period, Ortiz documents how black Floridians formed mutual aid organizations--secret societies, women's clubs, labor unions, and churches--to bolster dignity and survival in the harsh climate of Florida, which had the highest lynching rate of any state in the union. African Americans called on these institutions to build a statewide movement to regain the right to vote after World War I. African American women played a decisive role in the campaign as they mobilized in the months leading up to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. The 1920 contest culminated in the bloodiest Election Day in modern American history, when white supremacists and the Ku Klux Klan violently, and with state sanction, prevented African Americans from voting. Ortiz's eloquent interpretation of the many ways that black Floridians fought to expand the meaning of freedom beyond formal equality and his broader consideration of how people resist oppression and create new social movements illuminate a strategic era of United States history and reveal how the legacy of legal segregation continues to play itself out to this day.
Table of Contents
List of Illusrations
List of Tables Preface: Election Day in Florida
Acknowledgments
Prologue: Slavery and Civil War
The Promise of Reconstruction
The Struggle to Save Democracy
We Are in the Hands of the Devil: Fighting Racial Terrorism
To Gain These Fruits That Have Been Earned: Emancipation Day
To See That None Suffer: Mutual Aid and Resistance
Looking for a Free State to Live In
Echoes of Emancipation: The Great War in Florida
With Babies in Their Arms: The Voter Registration Movement
Election Day, 1920
Conclusion: Legacies of the Florida Movement
Notes
Selected Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

This information is provided by a service that aggregates data from review sources and other sources that are often consulted by libraries, and readers. The University does not edit this information and merely includes it as a convenience for users. It does not warrant that reviews are accurate. As with any review users should approach reviews critically and where deemed necessary should consult multiple review sources. Any concerns or questions about particular reviews should be directed to the reviewer and/or publisher.

  link to old catalogue

Report a problem