Catalogue


FDR and the Soviet Union : the President's battles over foreign policy /
Mary E. Glantz.
imprint
Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2005.
description
viii, 253 p.
ISBN
070061365X (cloth : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
series title
imprint
Lawrence : University Press of Kansas, c2005.
isbn
070061365X (cloth : alk. paper)
contents note
The United States and the Bolshevik State, 1917-32 : revolution and intervention -- Roosevelt's d├ętente, 1932-38 -- From Munich to barbarossa -- Roosevelt feeds the bear : the decision to aid the Soviets -- "All aid to the hilt" : developing a U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union, 1941-43 -- Forging peace : relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, 1943-45 -- Conclusions.
catalogue key
5352935
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2005-11-01:
Finally, a book about Robert F. Kelley, Joseph Michela, and Philip R. Faymonville. Flippancy aside, this case study in diplomatic history explains how military attaches and other career foreign service officers worked to undercut President Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies of cooperation toward the Soviet Union. Most had opposed establishing diplomatic relations with Joseph Stalin's regime in 1933, and they recommended setting conditions on Lend-Lease aid both before and after US entry into WW II. While ambassador Joseph E. Davies was loyal to Roosevelt's policies during his years in Moscow (1936-38), his predecessor William C. Bullitt and successors Laurence Steinhardt and W. Averell Harriman came to share misgivings about Soviet ambitions, as did lower-level staff members. Believing that wartime victory and postwar peace depended upon close US-Soviet ties, Roosevelt frequently employed special envoys committed to his vision and at times attempted, with very limited success, to restructure the foreign policy bureaucracy. After his death, however, hard-liners became the architects of President Harry S. Truman's containment policy. Meticulously researched, scholarly, well organized, and crisply written in a style free of jargon, this work clearly implies that Roosevelt's worldview was more realistic than those whose anti-Soviet attitudes set the stage for the costly Cold War. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels/libraries. J. B. Lane Indiana University Northwest
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, November 2005
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Summaries
Main Description
Throughout his presidency, Franklin Roosevelt was determined to pursue a peaceful accommodation with an increasingly powerful Soviet Union, an inclination reinforced by the onset of world war. Roosevelt knew that defeating the Axis powers would require major contributions by the Soviets and their Red Army, and so, despite his misgivings about Stalins expansionist motives, he pushed for friendlier relations. Yet almost from the moment he was inaugurated, lower-level officials challenged FDRs ability to carry out this policy. Mary Glantz analyzes tensions shaping the policy stance of the United States toward the Soviet Union before, during, and immediately after World War II. Focusing on the conflicts between a president who sought close relations between the two nations and the diplomatic and military officers who opposed them, she shows how these career officers were able to resist and shape presidential policy-and how their critical views helped shape the parameters of the subsequent Cold War. Venturing into the largely uncharted waters of bureaucratic politics, Glantz examines overlooked aspects of wartime relations between Washington and Moscow to highlight the roles played by U.S. personnel in the U.S.S.R. in formulating and implementing policies governing the American-Soviet relationship. She takes readers into the American embassy in Moscow to show how individuals like Ambassadors Joseph Davies, Lawrence Steinhadt, and Averell Harriman and U.S. military attachs like Joseph Michela influenced policy, and reveals how private resistance sometimes turned into public dispute. She also presents new material on the controversial military attach/lend-lease director Phillip Faymonville, a largely neglected officer who understood the Soviet system and supported Roosevelts policy. Deftly combining military with diplomatic history, Glantz traces these philosophical and policy battles to show how difficult it was for even a highly popular president like Roosevelt to overcome such entrenched and determined opposition. Although he reorganized federal offices and appointed ambassadors who shared his views, in the end he was unable to outlast his bureaucratic opponents or change their minds. With his death, anti-Soviet factions rushed into the policymaking vacuum to become the primary architects of Trumans Cold War "containment" policy. A case study in foreign relations, high-level policymaking, and civil-military relations, FDR and the Soviet Union enlarges our understanding of the ideologies and events that set the stage for the Cold War. It adds a new dimension to our understanding of Soviet-American relations as it sheds new light on the surprising power of those in low places.
Unpaid Annotation
Mary Glantz analyzes tensions shaping the policy stance of the US toward the Soviet Union before, during, and immediately after World War II. She shows how career officers were able to resist and shape presidential policy - and how their critical views helped shape the parameters of the subsequent Cold War.
Unpaid Annotation
Throughout his presidency, Franklin Roosevelt was determined to pursue a peaceful accommodation with an increasingly powerful Soviet Union, and inclination reinforced by the onset of world war. Roosevelt knew that defeating the Axis powers would require major contributions by the Soviets and their Red Army, and so, despite his misgivings about Stalin's expansionist motives, he pushed for friendlier relations. Yet almost from the moment he was inaugurated, lower-level officials challenged FDR's ability to carry out this policy. Mary Glantz analyzes tensions shaping the policy stance of the United States toward the Soviet Union before, during, and immediately after World War II. Focusing on the conflicts between a president who sought close relations between a president who sought close relations between the two nations and the diplomatic and military officers who opposed them, she shows how these career officers were able to resist and shape presidential policy-"and how their critical views helpedshape the parameters of the subsequent Cold War. Venturing into the largely uncharted waters of bureaucratic politics, Glantz examines overlooked aspects of wartime relations between Washington and Moscow to highlight the roles played by U.S. personnel in the U.S.S.R in formulating and implementing policics governing the American-Soviet relationship. She takes readers into the American embassy in Moscow to show how individuals like Ambassadors Joseph Davies, Lawrence Steinhadt, and Averell Harriman and U.S. military attaches like Joseph Michela influenced policy, and reveals how private resistance sometimes turned into public dispute. She also presents new material on the controversial militaryattache/lend-lease director Phillip Faymonville, a largely neglected officer who understood the Soviet system and supported Roosevelt's policy. Deftly combining military with diplomatic history, Glantz traces these philosoph
Table of Contents
The United States and the Bolshevik State, 1917-1932 : revolution and interventionp. 7
Roosevelt's Detente, 1932-1938p. 15
From Munich to Barbarossap. 39
Roosevelt feeds the bear : the decision to aid the Sovietsp. 59
"All aid to the hilt" : developing a U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union, 1941-1943p. 89
Forging peace : relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, 1943-1945p. 143
Conclusionsp. 179
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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