Stalin and the Jews : the red book: the tragedy of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and the Soviet Jews /
Arno Lustiger ; introduction by Roman Brackman ; foreword by Yefim Etkind.
lst English-language ed.
New York : Enigma, c2003.
xxviii, 447 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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added author
New York : Enigma, c2003.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 404-409) and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Arno Lustiger was born in Poland in 1924. He survived the concentration camps of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. Since 1945 he has lived in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, as an independent author and publisher. He is co-founder of the local Jewish congregation and honorary chairman of the Zionist organization in Germany
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Library Journal on 2003-05-15:
These two publications deal with similar topics but have different areas of focus. In Stalin's Last Crime, Brent, editorial director of Yale University Press, which publishes the distinguished "Annals of Communism" series, and Naumov, executive secretary of the Presidential Commission for the Rehabilitation of Repressed Persons in Moscow, have researched materials previously buried in KGB archives to make the startling but long-suspected assertion that Stalin was poisoned by Politburo members and allowed to die. Their focus is the "doctors' plot" that Stalin concocted to implicate Jewish doctors in the deaths of two top Kremlin leaders in 1945 and 1948. These incidents were tangled together with his paranoid suspicions that the Jews and the Americans were planning to invade Russia (and nuke Moscow), which he used as a cover to purge the MGB (precursor to the KGB). As Stalin fabricated the plot, he had concentration camps built to hold the Jews of Moscow and then all of Russia, and he planned to detain or deport the entire Jewish population. In contrast, Lustiger's Stalin and the Jews begins with the repression of the Jews from the time of Catherine II (the Great) through the tsars of the 19th century to the known anti-Semitism of Nicholas II as background for its own account of the "doctors plot "and the plight of the Jews in Soviet Russia. The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAFC) was established in 1942 to muster Jewish support for the war against Hitler's Germany. But its remarkable success was not enough to convince Stalin, who saw demons in the organization's leaders and, with forced confessions, false evidence, and compliant underlings, had the JAFC leadership murdered after a secret mock trial. Both books are well researched and complement each other. But while Brent and Naumov do a great deal of guessing, asserting what Stalin probably did, Lustiger-a survivor of Auschwitz and Buchenwald and an independent publisher and writer-is less interpretive. Both books are recommended for all libraries with Russian history collections.-Harry Willems, Southeast Kansas Lib. Syst., Iola (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Appeared in Choice on 2003-11-01:
The history of the Holocaust in Germany is much better known than that of the Jews in the Soviet Union. With the fall of communism and the opening of previously sealed archives, this history is now being revealed. Polish Jewish Holocaust survivor Lustiger has written a detailed study of the fate of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee (JAFC) of the Soviet Union. The JAFC, founded by distinguished Soviet Jews in 1941 with full Party backing, sought to win internal and world Jewish support for the Soviet war effort. Although successful at this task, the members of the JAFC fell to Stalin's terror in the postwar years, part of a massive antisemitic drive within the Soviet Union that peaked just before Stalin's death. The story of the JAFC is framed by a brief history of the Jews under the tsars and the Soviets, and in Soviet Eastern Europe after WW II. The last section, "People," includes biographies of Bolsheviks and other Jewish revolutionaries, JAFC members, Jewish generals, and Yiddish cultural figures. The bibliography and notes are rich in material in many languages. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels and collections. E. M. Despalatovic emerita, Connecticut College
This item was reviewed in:
Library Journal, May 2003
Choice, November 2003
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Bowker Data Service Summary
During Stalin's rule, Jews in the Soviet Union were subject to persecution and state-sponsored terrorism. This text explores the anti-semitic policies of Stalin's administration, as well as how subsequent Soviet and Russian governments have manipulated the issue .
Main Description
An in-depth study of the secret pogroms in Stalin's Russia and the consequences they were to have on the Jews, especially the prominent writers and artists that were to suffer so harshly because of the dictator's paranoid obsessions. An encyclopedia of the people and the events that took place until Stalin's death and beyond.
Main Description
An in-depth study of the secret pogroms in Stalin’s Russia and the consequences they were to have on the Jews, especially the prominent writers and artists that were to suffer so harshly because of the dictator’s paranoid obsessions. An encyclopedia of the people and the events that took place until Stalin’s death and beyond.
Main Description
Arno Lustiger tells the epic story of the Russian Jews and the former Soviet Union for the first times. He begins with the tsars, moves through the upheaval of both 1917 Revolutions, details the Stalin era, and ends with the dissolution of the Soviet empire. This book documents the dramatic fate of the Jews during their emancipation, awakening, disorimination and persecution. The activitles of Jewish organizations and parties and their liquidation by the Bolsheviks, as well as the virulent anti-Semitism, increasing after a short blossoming of Jewish culture in the early 1920s and reaching its climax during the last three years of Stalin's dictatorship with the campaigns against "cosmopolitans," "Zionists" and the Kremlin doctors, are clearly described. At the core of the book is the history of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, founded in 1942, and the secret trial of its members which is recounted in greal detail. Lustiger analyzes the charges, deconstructs the language of Stalin's justice system and explains its ideological ramifications. Book jacket.
Table of Contents
Introductionp. xv
Forewordp. xix
The events
History of the Russian Jews
The Jews Under the Tsarsp. 3
The Jews in Poland--The Cradle of Russian Judaismp. 4
Discrimination Under the Tsarsp. 5
Assimilation and "Utilization"p. 7
Anti-Semitism and Pogromsp. 9
The Jewish Partiesp. 13
The Bundp. 13
The Anthem of the Bundp. 14
The Bund and Establishment of the RSDRPp. 16
The Zionistsp. 19
Zion's Workers (Poale Zion) and Young Zionists (Ze'ire Zion)p. 21
Zionists-Socialists (Sionisty-Sozialisty--S.-S.)p. 22
Other Jewish Parties and Organizationsp. 22
ORTp. 23
OSEp. 23
Thriving Cultural Life Despite Repressionp. 25
Jews in Russian Politics Before the October Revolutionp. 25
Cadetsp. 25
Mensheviksp. 26
Narodniki and Social Revolutionariesp. 27
Anarchistsp. 29
Jewish Bolsheviksp. 30
Lenin and Stalin on the "Jewish Question"p. 31
From the February Revolution to the October Revolutionp. 34
The Jews in Independent Ukraine 1917-1920p. 37
Janus-Faced Liberation: The Jewish Ascent After the October Revolution
The Jews in Revolution and Civil Warp. 41
The Pogromsp. 42
Jews in the Red Unitsp. 43
The End of the Bundp. 45
Lenin's Rhetoric Against the Pogrom Campaignp. 45
The Jewish Commissariat Yerkom and the Jewish Party Section Yersektsiiap. 47
War Against Zionismp. 49
Persecution of the Jewish Religionp. 51
Jewish Life Under the Dictatorshipp. 53
The Jewish "Blossoming of Culture"p. 53
The Place of the Jews in Soviet Societyp. 54
The Shift in Professional Structuresp. 55
Pseudo-Zionp. 57
"Productivity" and Survival of the Jewish Nationp. 57
The Crimea--A Soviet Palestine?p. 57
Birobidzanp. 60
Predictable Failurep. 60
Under Stalin's Reign of Terrorp. 63
The End of Yiddish Journalismp. 63
Jews in the Grip of Terrorp. 64
The Extermination of the Leaders in Birobidzanp. 66
Jewish Critics of the Soviet Systemp. 69
Prehistory and Foundation of the JAFC
Anti-Fascism, Soviet Patriotism and Disguised Anti-Semitism on the Eve of World War IIp. 71
A Land Without Anti-Semitism?p. 71
The Jews as the New "Judas"p. 73
Russian Nationalism Rekindledp. 74
The Diplomatic Service Becomes "Jew-Free"p. 75
First Investigations of a "Jewish Conspiracy"p. 77
Persecution and Deliverance--The Jews at the Time of the German-Soviet Pactp. 78
Eastern Poland Under Soviet Rulep. 79
Mass Deportationsp. 82
Murder of Polish-Jewish Officers in Katynp. 83
Destruction of Jewish Culture in Poland and the Baltic Provincesp. 84
Deliberate Overlooking of German Crimesp. 86
Henryk Erlich and Viktor Alter and the Creation of a Jewish Anti-Hitler Committeep. 87
Erlich and Alter in the Clutches of the NKVDp. 88
Free Again--The Struggle for an Anti-Hitler Initiativep. 90
New Arrests and Murdersp. 92
Interventions on Behalf of Erlich and Alterp. 93
Early Jewish Anti-Hitler Initiatives and the Founding of the JAFCp. 95
The First Meetingp. 96
The Founding of the JAFCp. 99
Strategy of Silence--The Holocaust in the Soviet Information and Propaganda Policiesp. 101
The War Against the Jewsp. 102
Collaboration and Anti-Semitic Agitationp. 103
Silence About the Slaughter of the Jewsp. 105
A Few Exceptionsp. 106
No Attempt to Save the Jewsp. 107
JAFC Activities Inside and Outside the Soviet Union
The JAFC and Soviet War Propagandap. 109
Propaganda and Nationalismp. 109
Additional Anti-Fascist Committeesp. 111
The Second Meetingp. 112
The First Plenum of the JAFCp. 113
The Oath of the Jewish Peoplep. 114
The Second Plenump. 117
The Organ of the JAFC--the Yiddish Newspaper Unification (Eynikeyt)p. 119
A Few Examplesp. 119
Eynikeyt's Changing Functionp. 122
The JAFC in America--Fundraising and "Treacherous" Contactsp. 123
Jewish Anti-Hitler Initiatives in the United Statesp. 123
Mikhoels and Fefer in Americap. 125
Under the Control of the "Organs"p. 126
Anti-Semitism Reappears in the Soviet Union and its Effect on the JAFCp. 127
Jews Are Not Welcome Herep. 127
First Attacks on the JAFCp. 130
Resurgence of Anti-Semitism in the Populationp. 131
The Third Meetingp. 132
The Third Plenump. 133
Outcome of the JAFCp. 134
Jewish "Heroes of the Soviet Union," Jewish War Heroes, JAFC Members and Their Part in the Victory Over Germanyp. 137
The War on the Invisible Frontp. 143
The "Rote Kapelle"p. 143
The Jewish Fighters of the "Rote Kapelle"p. 146
The Crimea Under German Rulep. 147
A Soviet California with U.S. Aid?p. 148
The Crimea Memorandump. 149
The Fate of the JAFC After the War
The History of the Black Bookp. 157
The Beginnings of the Black Bookp. 158
Competing Conceptsp. 158
Material for Foreign Countries Only?p. 161
The Black Bookp. 162
The First Complete Editionp. 164
What the Black Book Was Not to Containp. 166
The Forewordp. 167
Assisting in the Birth of Israel and Worsening of Anti-Zionismp. 169
Soviet-Palestine Policy During the Warp. 169
Support for the Founding of Israelp. 170
Israel Enthusiasm Among the Soviet Jewsp. 174
Ehrenburg and the Anti-Zionist About-Facep. 175
Barrage of the Experts--the JAFC in the Investigators' Sightsp. 177
Isolating the JAFCp. 178
Monopoly for Russian Nationalismp. 178
The Inquisitors Begin Their Workp. 180
State Security Pronounces the Death Sentence on the JAFCp. 182
The End of the JAFCp. 184
The Attempt to Decapitate Soviet Judaism--the Murder of Solomon Mikhoelsp. 185
Mikhoels as the Targetp. 186
Stalin's Terror Against His Own Familyp. 187
The Anti-Semitic Interrogations Beginp. 189
Killers on Behalf of the Governmentp. 191
State Funeral for the Victim of a State Murderp. 192
Open War Against the Jews--The Last Years of Stalin's Dictatorship
The Campaign Against the "Rootless Cosmopolitans" and the Waves of Anti-Jewish Purgesp. 195
Open Jew-Phobia: The Attack on the Theater Criticsp. 195
The Extermination of "Cosmopolitanism"p. 199
Mass Dismissal of Jewsp. 200
The Destruction of the Last Remnants of Jewish Culturep. 202
The Fight Against "Bourgeois Nationalism"p. 203
Elimination of Jewish Cultural Institutionsp. 204
Pursuing the "Zionist Conspiracy"p. 206
American "Agents"p. 206
Zhemchuzhina: Political VIPs in the Dockp. 207
The Head of the JAFC Disappearsp. 209
In the Torture Chamber of the MGBp. 211
The Downfall of Abakumov and the "Jewish Conspirators" in the MGBp. 215
Ryumin Takes Controlp. 216
First Signs of a "Doctors" Conspiracy"p. 218
The Trial
The Indictmentp. 221
Verdict Before the Trialp. 221
The Indictmentp. 222
The Trialp. 224
Fefer--Witness for the Prosecutionp. 225
Markish Counterattacksp. 228
Forced Confessionsp. 229
"Jewish Nationalism" or Assimilation?p. 230
The Main Defendantp. 231
Torture and Testimonyp. 233
An Agent Reveals Himselfp. 234
The Accused: A Languagep. 235
The Experts Disgrace Themselvesp. 236
Last Declarations and Final Wordsp. 237
The Sentencep. 239
A Judge Doubtsp. 239
Legalized Murderp. 241
The Rehabilitation of the JAFCp. 244
The Secret Proceedings of 1955p. 245
The Public Rehabilitation of 1989p. 246
After the Trial
A Catastrophe Averted--Stalin's Last Monthsp. 248
"Conspiracy of the Kremlin Doctors"p. 248
Were the Soviet Jews Going To Be Deported?p. 251
The Planned Letter of Jewish Personalities to Pravdap. 253
Letter to the Editorial Office of Pravdap. 256
Developments in Eastern Europep. 262
Stalinist Persecutions and Trials in Eastern Europep. 263
The Slansky Trialp. 264
The Planned Trials in Polandp. 266
German-Jewish Communistsp. 268
The Jews in the GDRp. 269
The Planned Show Trial in East Berlinp. 271
State-Sponsored Anti-Semitism After Stalinp. 274
No Thaw Under Khrushchevp. 274
Anti-Semitism Disguised as "Anti-Zionism"p. 275
Reaction of the Jews to State-Sponsored Anti-Semitismp. 276
International Conferences for Soviet Jewsp. 276
The Jewish National and Emigration Movement in the Soviet Unionp. 278
The Fight for the Right to Emigrate--The Refuseniksp. 281
The Refusenik Colonelsp. 283
Perestroika, Gorbachev, and the Jewsp. 283
The Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Publicp. 284
Epilogue to the Refusenik Storyp. 286
In the Balance: Russian Jews Between Hitler and Stalinp. 288
The People
Mensheviks and Bundistsp. 295
Zionistsp. 302
Social Revolutionariesp. 303
Anarchistsp. 306
Bolsheviksp. 307
Yevseki and Other Jewish Bolsheviksp. 313
Generals of the Red Armyp. 316
The Precursors of the JAFCp. 323
The President of the JAFCp. 326
The (True) Chiefs of the JAFCp. 331
The Americansp. 334
The Editors of the Black Bookp. 338
The Accusedp. 344
The Other Persecuted and Victimsp. 373
Authors and Editors of the Black Bookp. 379
Members of the JAFC in May 1945p. 385
Members of the Presidium of the JAFC in May 1946p. 387
Murdered Yiddish Authors and Publishersp. 388
Yiddish Authors Killed in Action as Soviet Soldiersp. 389
Yiddish Authors Repressedp. 390
Hebrew Authors Murderedp. 391
Jewish Generalsp. 391
Significant Publications About the JAFCp. 399
Archives and Journalsp. 402
Selected Bibliographyp. 404
Articles and Journals About Soviet Jewsp. 409
Notesp. 410
Indexp. 427
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

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