Catalogue


English and Catholic : the Lords Baltimore in the seventeenth century /
John D. Krugler.
imprint
Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins University Press, c2004.
description
xii, 319 p.
ISBN
0801879639 (hardcover : acid-free paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins University Press, c2004.
isbn
0801879639 (hardcover : acid-free paper)
catalogue key
5226982
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
John D. Krugler is an associate professor of history at Marquette University.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2005-06-01:
In this much-needed scholarly examination of the Calvert family and the founding of the Maryland colony, Krugler (Marquette Univ.) presents an intriguing tale of George Calvert's ambitions for a colony; his son Cecil's realization of his father's dream; and his grandson Charles Calvert's loss of the colony. Operating within the context of James I's Protestant but at times Catholic-leaning court, the Catholic George Calvert emerged as a prominent force, rising to the position of secretary of state. Elevated by James I to Baron of Baltimore in Ireland, Calvert launched a series of colonial projects that eventually led to the founding of Maryland, but he did not live to see his colony. Focusing on the themes of identity, allegiance, and conscience, Krugler examines the development of the Calvert design for the colony and how the plans, after some initial success, collapsed in failure. Of particular interest is the development of the Maryland Charter and the attempt to secure guarantees for freedom of conscience. Based on effective use of primary and secondary sources, this is a well-written contribution to the history of the Calverts and the founding of Maryland. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels/libraries. W. T. Walker Chestnut Hill College
Reviews
Review Quotes
"This valuable book is a study of the first three Lords Baltimore and their role as proprietors of Maryland, the only successful overseas colony developed by English Catholics during the seventeenth century... A highly readable and engrossing story, and Krugler has vividly reconstructed and narrated it... An impressive achievement that sheds much light on the history of both colonial America and seventeenth-century England." -- David L. Smith, American Historical Review
This book nuances our understanding of the ways in which religious affiliation might affect elite families. It also complicates our understanding of early colonial politics and organization.
"This book nuances our understanding of the ways in which religious affiliation might affect elite families. It also complicates our understanding of early colonial politics and organization." -- Jerome de Groot, H-Net Reviews
This meticulously researched and well-crafted work will stand as the definitive study on the Lords Baltimore.
"This meticulously researched and well-crafted work will stand as the definitive study on the Lords Baltimore." -- Tricia T. Pyne, Catholic Historical Review
This valuable book is a study of the first three Lords Baltimore and their role as proprietors of Maryland, the only successful overseas colony developed by English Catholics during the seventeenth century... A highly readable and engrossing story, and Krugler has vividly reconstructed and narrated it... An impressive achievement that sheds much light on the history of both colonial America and seventeenth-century England.
"Krugler's scholarship goes far to correct sectarian assessments of Catholic proprietorships in colonial Newfoundland and Maryland... A well-told tale of Catholic English court politics, impressively researched and cogently argued." -- Mary Beth Lamb, Religious Studies Review
The whole narrative is adroitly woven around a central theme of opposing polarities of religion and politics, state and church, conformity and dissent.
"The whole narrative is adroitly woven around a central theme of opposing polarities of religion and politics, state and church, conformity and dissent." -- Michal J. Rozbicki, Journal of American History
This book has many virtues, not least as an account of the establishment of the only Catholic colony in colonial America, and the attempt to create a religiously pluralist society in an intolerant world.
"This book has many virtues, not least as an account of the establishment of the only Catholic colony in colonial America, and the attempt to create a religiously pluralist society in an intolerant world." -- Keith Lindley, English Historical Review
As Krugler reflects the complexity of history and weighs the magnitude of the Calverts' brief triumph, he sets some records straight.
"As Krugler reflects the complexity of history and weighs the magnitude of the Calverts' brief triumph, he sets some records straight." -- Philip Kopper, Washington Times
A well-written contribution to the history of the Calverts and the founding of Maryland.
"A well-written contribution to the history of the Calverts and the founding of Maryland." -- Choice
"English and Catholic contains an extremely useful biographic essay, and is a well-told tale of Catholic English court politics, impressively researched and cogently argued." -- Mary Beth Lamb, Religious Studies Review
Krugler's scholarship goes far to correct sectarian assessments of Catholic proprietorships in colonial Newfoundland and Maryland... A well-told tale of Catholic English court politics, impressively researched and cogently argued.
A fine addition to the field... will be useful not only to students of early Maryland but those interested in court politics, English Catholicism, and the development of religious toleration.
"A fine addition to the field... will be useful not only to students of early Maryland but those interested in court politics, English Catholicism, and the development of religious toleration." -- Owen Stanwood, William and Mary Quarterly
Anyone interested in the early history of Maryland should make certain to read Krugler's detailed examination of the first three Lords Baltimore and their radical experiment.
"Anyone interested in the early history of Maryland should make certain to read Krugler's detailed examination of the first three Lords Baltimore and their radical experiment." -- Jennifer Bryan, Archivum Historicum S.I.
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, June 2005
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, to be English and Catholic was to face persecution, financial penalties, and sometimes death. Yet some English Catholics prospered, reconciling their faith and loyalty to their country. Among the most prominent was George Calvert, a talented and ambitious man who successfully navigated the politics of court and became secretary of state under King James I. A conforming Protestant from the age of twelve, Calvert converted back to Catholicism when a political crisis forced him to resign his position in 1625. The king rewarded Calvert by naming him Baron of Baltimore in Ireland. Insulated by wealth, with the support of powerful friends, and no longer occupied with court business, Baltimore sought to exploit his land grants in Ireland and Newfoundland. Seeking to increase his own fortune and status while enlarging the king's dominions, he embarked on a series of colonial enterprises that eventually led to Maryland. The experiences of Calvert and his heirs foster our understanding of politics and faith in Jacobean England. They also point to one of the earliest codifications of religious liberty in America, for in founding Maryland, Calvert and his son Cecil envisioned a prosperous society based on freedom of conscience. In English and Catholic, John D. Krugler traces the development of the "Maryland Designe," the novel solution the Calverts devised to resolve the conflict of loyalty they faced as English Catholics. In doing so, Krugler places the founding and early history of Maryland in the context of pervasive anxieties in England over identity, allegiance, and conscience. Explaining the evolution of the Calvert vision, Krugler ties together three main aspects of George Calvert's career: his nationalism and enthusiasm for English imperialism; his aim to find fortune and fame; and his deepening sense of himself as a Catholic. Skillfully told here, the story of the Calverts' bold experiment in advancing freedom of conscience is also the story of the roots of American liberty.
Back Cover Copy
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, to be English and Catholic was to face persecution, financial penalties, and sometimes death. Yet some English Catholics prospered, reconciling their faith and loyalty to their country. Among the most prominent was George Calvert, an ambitious adventurer whose colonial enterprises eventually led to Maryland.In founding Maryland, Calvert and his son Cecil envisioned a prosperous society based on peaceful coexistence between Catholics and Protestants. English and Catholic traces the development of their "Maryland Designe," the earliest attempt at religious freedom in America."A well-written contribution to the history of the Calverts and the founding of Maryland." -- Choice"A highly readable and engrossing story, and Krugler has vividly reconstructed and narrated it... An impressive achievement that sheds much light on the history of both colonial America and seventeenth-century England." -- American Historical Review"The whole narrative is adroitly woven around a central theme of opposing polarities of religion and politics, state and church, conformity and dissent." -- Journal of American History"This book has many virtues, not least as an account of the establishment of the only Catholic colony in colonial America, and the attempt to create a religiously pluralist society in an intolerant world." -- English Historical Review"This meticulously researched and well-crafted work will stand as the definitive study on the Lords Baltimore." -- Catholic Historical Review"A fine addition to the field... will be useful not only to students of early Maryland but those interested in court politics, English Catholicism, and the development of religious toleration." -- William and Mary QuarterlyJohn D. Krugler is a professor of history at Marquette University.
Back Cover Copy
In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, to be English and Catholic was to face persecution, financial penalties, and sometimes death. Yet some English Catholics prospered, reconciling their faith and loyalty to their country. Among the most prominent was George Calvert, an ambitious adventurer whose colonial enterprises eventually led to Maryland. In founding Maryland, Calvert and his son Cecil envisioned a prosperous society based on peaceful coexistence between Catholics and Protestants. English and Catholic traces the development of their "Maryland Designe," the earliest attempt at religious freedom in America. "A well-written contribution to the history of the Calverts and the founding of Maryland." -- Choice "A highly readable and engrossing story, and Krugler has vividly reconstructed and narrated it... An impressive achievement that sheds much light on the history of both colonial America and seventeenth-century England." -- American Historical Review "The whole narrative is adroitly woven around a central theme of opposing polarities of religion and politics, state and church, conformity and dissent." -- Journal of American History "This book has many virtues, not least as an account of the establishment of the only Catholic colony in colonial America, and the attempt to create a religiously pluralist society in an intolerant world." -- English Historical Review "This meticulously researched and well-crafted work will stand as the definitive study on the Lords Baltimore." -- Catholic Historical Review "A fine addition to the field... will be useful not only to students of early Maryland but those interested in court politics, English Catholicism, and the development of religious toleration." -- William and Mary Quarterly John D. Krugler is a professor of history at Marquette University.
Table of Contents
Prefacep. ix
A Note on Spelling and Datesp. xiii
Introduction: "A man is not English who gives first allegiance elsewhere": Reconciling National and Religious Loyalties in an Age of Uniformityp. 1
"There should be a correspondence betwixt the Church and the State": Uniformity, the Penal Legislation, and the Early Stuartsp. 12
"Conformitie to the form of service of God now established": Building a Career at Court (1580-1620)p. 28
"But by God's help many have been lifted out of the mire of corruption": George Calvert's Conversion and Resignation (1621-1625)p. 49
"Upon this new shuffle of the packe": The Catholic Lord Baltimore in Ireland and Newfoundland (1625-1629)p. 77
"If your Majesty will please to grant me a precinct of land with such priviledges as the king your father my gracious Master was pleased to graunt me": Securing the Charter (1629-1632)p. 104
"Such a designe when rightly understood will not want undertakers": Selling Lord Baltimore's Vision (1632-1638)p. 129
"With free liberty of religion": The Calvert Model for Church-State Relations (1633-1655)p. 152
"The People there cannot subsist & continue in peace and safety without som good Government": A Second Testing of Religiou Freedom (1653-1676)p. 192
"Scandalous and offensive to the Government": The "Popish Chappel" at St. Mary's City and the End of Religious Freedom (1676-1705)p. 233
Abbreviations and Frequently Cited Worksp. 251
Notesp. 255
Essay on Sourcesp. 295
Indexp. 309
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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