Catalogue

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Keeping the republic : ideology and early American diplomacy /
Robert W. Smith.
imprint
DeKalb : Northern Illinois University Press, c2004.
description
x, 196 p.
ISBN
0875803261 (alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
DeKalb : Northern Illinois University Press, c2004.
isbn
0875803261 (alk. paper)
catalogue key
5212455
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Reviews
Review Quotes
"Engagingly written and thoughtful.... Smith's study of the relationship between ideology and foreign policy is persuasive as well as provocative."- American Historical Review "An interesting, valuable, and timely contribution to our understanding of the ideological roots of American foreign policy in the early republic. Smith's comparison between Adams, Hamilton, Madison, and Jefferson illuminates the thought of each figure."-James H. Read, College of St. Benedict and St. John's University "In the first full-scale study of this subject, Smith conclusively demonstrates that the Founders drew on different ideological strands in fashioning their foreign policies."-Stuart Leibiger, LaSalle University
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Main Description
How did the ideology that inspired the American Revolution and the U.S. Constitution translate into foreign policy? John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton each struggled with this question as they encountered foreign powers. The French Revolution, the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, and the illegal seizures of U.S. ships and sailors on the high seas all brought diplomatic challenges. In the process of developing foreign policy, the founding generation refined the meaning of republicanism. In Keeping the Republic , Robert W. Smith identifies three contending brands of republicanism-classical, whig, and yeoman-that shaped the founders' thinking. Jefferson and Madison pursued a yeoman republicanism with its faith in economic sanctions rather than military might as a means of diplomacy. Nations dependent upon American agricultural exports, they thought, would bow to American interests. Both Adams and Hamilton, originally admirers of classical republicanism and its belief in public virtue, came to adopt a whig republicanism that applied the balance-of-power principle, exemplified by the three branches of the federal government, to the international community. In this view, nations should have equal naval power. Ideology had real consequences: Jefferson's insistence on imposing a trade embargo rather than considering alternative solutions resulted in the War of 1812. This process of translating ideology into foreign policy, so ably described in Keeping the Republic , continues to shape American international relations in the twenty-first century.
Unpaid Annotation
How did the ideology that inspired the American Revolution and the U.S. Constitution translate into foreign policy? John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton each struggled with this question during the nation's first four decades, in the face of the French Revolution, negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase, and the illegal seizure of U.S. ships and sailors. In the process, they refined the meaning of American republicanism. In Keeping the Republic, Robert W. Smith identifies three contending brands of republicanism-classical, whig, and yeoman-that shaped the founders' thinking. Jefferson and Madison pursued a yeoman republicanism with its faith in economic sanctions rather than military might as a means of diplomacy. Nations dependent upon American agricultural exports, they thought, would bow to American interests. Both Adams and Hamilton, originally admirers of classical republicanism and its belief in public virtue, came to adopt a whig republicanism that applied the balance-of-power principle, exemplified by the three branches of the federal government, to the international community. In this view, the strength of a nation rests in its naval power. Ideology had real consequences, as Smith ably demonstrates. While Adams and Hamilton managed to avoid an outright war, Jefferson's insistence on imposing a trade embargo rather than seeking an alternative solution resulted in the War of 1812. Keeping the Republic is a significant contribution to our understanding of American foreign relations because the model provided by the founding generation continues to shape U.S. diplomacy in the twenty-first century.
Unpaid Annotation
How did the ideology that inspired the American Revolution and the US Constitution translate into foreign policy? Robert W. Smith identifies three contending brands of republicanism - classical, whig, and yeoman -that shaped the founders' thinking.
Table of Contents
The Republican worldp. 3
The arc of virtuep. 23
Tillers of the earthp. 42
Extending the spherep. 56
The cause of libertyp. 71
The Bolingbrokean momentp. 88
Yeoman virtue and the wildernessp. 104
Yeoman virtue at seap. 122
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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