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Voluntary approaches for environmental policy : effectiveness, efficiency, and usage in policy mixes.
imprint
Paris : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, c2003.
description
143 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
ISBN
9264101772
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Paris : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, c2003.
isbn
9264101772
catalogue key
5090036
 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 137-143).
A Look Inside
Summaries
Main Description
Do voluntary approaches deliver the expected environmental benefits? Do they help reach environmental targets in a cost-effective way? This report provides an assessment of the use of voluntary approaches building on a number of new case st
Main Description
Voluntary approaches include environmental agreements negotiated with industry and public programs which firms can volunteer to participate in. They are increasingly supplementing or replacing other environmental policy instruments, such as regulations, taxes, and tradable permits. However, their environmental effectiveness and economic efficiency are often challenged. Questions often asked include: Do voluntary approaches deliver the expected environmental benefits? Do they help reach environmental targets in a cost-effective way?This report assesses the use of voluntary approaches by building on a number of new case studies and an extensive search of the available literature. The focus of the analysis is on the environmental effectiveness, economic efficiency, and administrative costs of voluntary approaches, either used in isolation or as part of "policy mixes."This report concludes that the environmental effectiveness of voluntary approaches is often questionable, and their economic efficiency is generally low. While administrative and transaction costs vary greatly among voluntary approaches, it is clear that if too few resources are spent in their preparation, negotiation, and enforcement, their environmental impacts are likely to be modest. Combining a voluntary approach with a tax or tradable permit system can trigger quite significant additional administrative costs, and the environmental integrity of the other instrument can be weakened.
Table of Contents
Summary, Conclusions and Policy Recommendationsp. 9
Introductionp. 17
New Case Studiesp. 27
Environmental Effectiveness of Voluntary Approachesp. 41
Economic Efficiency of Voluntary Approachesp. 65
Administration and Transaction Costsp. 75
Implementation Issuesp. 83
Comparison of Voluntary Approaches and Tradable Permit Systemsp. 89
Introductionp. 99
Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Environmental Permit Systemsp. 105
Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Environmentally Motivated Subsidiesp. 109
Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Taxes or Chargesp. 113
Voluntary Approaches Used in Combination with Emission Trading Systemsp. 127
Referencesp. 137
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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