Catalogue


Achieving justice : comparative public opinion on income distribution /
by Toril Aalberg.
imprint
Leiden ; Boston : Brill, c2003.
description
xvi, 257 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
ISBN
9004129901 (pbk. : alk. paper)
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Leiden ; Boston : Brill, c2003.
isbn
9004129901 (pbk. : alk. paper)
catalogue key
4997316
 
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Toril Aalberg: Ph.D. (2001) in Political Science, NTNU Trondheim, is a Post.Doc. Fellow at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. She has published several articles about public opinion
Reviews
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, August 2003
To find out how to look for other reviews, please see our guides to finding book reviews in the Sciences or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Summaries
Description for Reader
All those interested in public opinion, comparative politics and the philosophical discussion of distributive justice.
Long Description
This book gives a systematic and extensive comparative analysis of public beliefs about social justice. Contrary to previous studies it attempts to link public opinion to the philosophical debate on distributive justice, but more importantly it connects the different opinion surveys with the current economic and political situation in the various countries.What can explain the cross-national variations, and if opinions do change over time, why is this so? Are people's beliefs influenced by existing welfare practices in the country? Do different policy regimes trigger different pattern of belief among the members of society?This book should be of interest to researchers and students both in the field of Comparative Opinion Studies, but also those interested in the relationship between public opinion and the political elite.
Main Description
This book gives a systematic and extensive comparative analysis of public beliefs about social justice. Contrary to previous studies it attempts to link public opinion to the philosophical debate on distributive justice, but more importantly it connects the different opinion surveys with the current economic and political situation in the various countries.What can explain the cross-national variations, and if opinions do change over time, why is this so? Are people s beliefs influenced by existing welfare practices in the country? Do different policy regimes trigger different pattern of belief among the members of society? This book should be of interest to researchers and students both in the field of Comparative Opinion Studies, but also those interested in the relationship between public opinion and the political elite.
Unpaid Annotation
This book gives a systematic and extensive comparative analysis of public beliefs about social justice. Contrary to previous studies it attempts to link public opinion to the philosophical debate on distributive justice, but more importantly it connects the different opinion surveys with the current economic and political situation in the various countries.What can explain the cross-national variations, and if opinions do change over time, why is this so? Are people's beliefs influenced by existing welfare practices in the country? Do different policy regimes trigger different pattern of belief among the members of society? This book should be of interest to researchers and students both in the field of Comparative Opinion Studies, but also those interested in the relationship between public opinion and the political elite.
Table of Contents
List of tablesp. xi
List of figuresp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Public opinion, government policies and distributive justice. An introductionp. 1
The importance of public opinionp. 3
What sort of opinion: ideals, perceptions and policy attitudesp. 5
What can explain cross-national variations?p. 8
What can explain variations across time?p. 10
What can explain individual variations?p. 13
Methods and datap. 15
International Social Survey Program (ISSP)p. 16
The European Value Surveys/The World Value Surveys (WVS)p. 17
International Social Justice Project (ISJP)p. 18
Distributive Justice Perception Project (DJPP)p. 18
Experiments on Distributive Justice Norms Across Culturesp. 19
The Luxembourg Income Study (LIS)p. 19
ILO data on occupational wages and hours of workp. 20
Plan of the studyp. 20
Principles of distributive justice: A theoretical approachp. 22
What is distributive justice?p. 23
The formal and material principles of justicep. 24
Principles of equityp. 27
Principles of utilityp. 30
Rawls' difference principlep. 31
Principles of needp. 33
Principles of equalityp. 34
Summaryp. 36
Public support for distributive principlesp. 39
Operationalizing the principles of distributive justicep. 40
Public support for distributive principlesp. 42
The magnitude of support for need and equality: the ranking of countriesp. 52
Structural differences in public support for the various principlesp. 55
Individual level differences in public support for the various principlesp. 56
Summaryp. 61
Opposing principles and trade-offs: Results from an experimental studyp. 65
Previous experimental researchp. 66
The design of the experimentp. 70
Theoretical predictions: How would the principles interact?p. 73
Support for the individual principlesp. 75
Trade-offs and interactionsp. 76
Summaryp. 82
Perceived distributions: The public understanding of realityp. 84
Conceptualizing and measuring public perceptionsp. 86
The causes and consequences of perceptionp. 88
The relationship between socio-economic background and perceptionsp. 89
The relationship between values and perceptionsp. 92
The data: Measuring perceptions and finding the factsp. 95
Analysing perceptions of inequalityp. 96
Perception of the proportion of poorp. 96
Perception of occupational earningsp. 98
Does what you see depend on where you stand?p. 102
Summaryp. 109
Support for egalitarian ideals and policies: Reaction or adjustment?p. 112
Egalitarian values and policies--a conceptual clarificationp. 114
The cultural and historical origin of value preferencesp. 117
The shift in support for egalitarian values and policiesp. 119
Datap. 122
Public preferences for equality--a comparative perspectivep. 123
Summaryp. 134
Wages and earning inequalitiesp. 136
Why some occupations deserve higher earnings then othersp. 137
What influences the acceptance of large earning inequalities?p. 139
The data: measuring perceived and ideal occupational earningsp. 141
Occupational earnings differences across countriesp. 143
Are the public divided in their view of the fairness of occupational earnings?p. 148
Explaining the dynamic of change over timep. 156
Ideals, perceptions and self interest: the impact of social backgroundp. 160
Summaryp. 169
Taxes and redistribution of incomep. 170
Welfare regimes and tax policiesp. 171
Tax loads, progressive taxation and income distributionp. 174
Tax policies and public opinionp. 182
Public perception of tax-load and support for redistributive policiesp. 183
Explaining public perception and support for redistributionp. 190
Summaryp. 193
Conclusionp. 195
The public, the political elite and the philosophersp. 196
The structure of public beliefs: ideals, perceptions and policy attitudesp. 199
Cross-national variations, the effect of regimes and social structurep. 201
When public opinion change over timep. 202
The public of different countries and the argument of self interestp. 204
Future researchp. 206
Referencesp. 208
Appendix 1p. 221
Appendix 2p. 224
Appendix 3p. 228
Appendix 4p. 247
Indexp. 250
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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