History of Latvian Jews /
Josifs Šteimanis.
Boulder : East European Monographs ; New York : Distributed by Columbia University Press, 2002.
xv, 229 p. ; 23 cm.
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Boulder : East European Monographs ; New York : Distributed by Columbia University Press, 2002.
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Appeared in Choice on 2003-03-01:
This English translation of a Latvian work first published in 1995 incorporates the most recent research on the topic. The first part of the book examines the regional history of the Latvian Jews until 1939. The chapter on Jews in the Latvian Republic, 1918-39, is followed by more detailed treatment of Jewish political parties, cultural and educational organizations, religion and mentality, and notables (scholars, scientists, and artists). A picture emerges of a Jewish community economically successful on the whole--urban, literate, and tolerated. This is undermined during the authoritarian rule of Karlis Ulmanis (1934-39), and destroyed by subsequent Soviet (1939-41), German (1941-45), and again, Soviet occupations (1944-1991). The Latvian Jews suffered all the horrors of the Holocaust, and few survived the war. Soviet rule brought new persecutions and new Jewish emigration to Latvia. The book ends with an anonymous report, The Jews of Latvia, 1919-1940, discovered recently in US State Department files. Steimanis (Daugavpils Pedagogical Univ., Latvia) raises important questions about the survival of minorities in the nation-state. For collections on the Holocaust or Jewish or Eastern European history. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. All levels and collections. E. M. Despalatovic emerita, Connecticut College
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"Steimanis raises important questions about the survival of minorities in the nation-state." -- Choice
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Choice, March 2003
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Main Description
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Table of Contents
Acknowledgementsp. vii
Forewordp. ix
Preface to Latvian Editionp. xiii
Historiographyp. 1
Kurzeme Jews, 1585-1915p. 9
Diaspora, A.D. 70-1492p. 9
Settlement in Polandp. 10
Kurzeme Under the Livonian Order, 1201-1561p. 10
Kurzeme Duchy and the Piltene District, 1562-1795p. 11
Changing Attitude Toward Jews in the Late 18th Centuryp. 16
Russian Rule, 1795-1915p. 20
Vidzeme Jews, 1638-1917p. 27
Early Footholds in Riga, 1638-1864p. 27
Slow Progress, 1850-1914p. 31
Schools and Synagoguesp. 35
The 1905 Revolution and its Aftermathp. 37
World War 1, 1914-1917p. 40
The February and October Revolutions of 1917p. 41
Latgale Jews, 1561-1918p. 45
Polish Rule, 1561-1772p. 45
Russian Rule, 1772-1918p. 47
Daugavpilsp. 51
Turmoil, 1917-1918p. 53
Jews in the Latvian Republic, 1918-1939p. 57
War of Independence, 1918-1920p. 57
The Parliamentary Republic, 1918-1934p. 60
The 1934 Coup; Nationalization of Non-Latvian Businessesp. 63
Promotion of Latvian Language; Schoolsp. 66
Anti-Semitismp. 71
Jewish Political Parties and Movements in Latviap. 77
Socialist Revolutionaries (SR)p. 77
The Bundp. 78
Zionistsp. 81
Jewish Parties in the Parliamentary Republic, 1918-1934p. 84
The Communist Partyp. 90
Jewish Cultural, Educational, and Charitable Organizations; Sport Clubs and Newspapersp. 95
Youth Organizationsp. 95
Cultural Organizationsp. 97
Sportsp. 98
Newspapersp. 100
Charitable Organizationsp. 102
Scientists, Scholars, and Artistsp. 105
The Mintz Brothersp. 105
Scholars and Scientistsp. 107
Theater and Filmp. 109
Painters and Sculptorsp. 110
Musicp. 112
Writersp. 113
Soviet Encroachment and Occupation, 1939-1941p. 115
The Hitler-Stalin Pact, 1939p. 116
Soviet Occupation, 1940-1941p. 117
German Occupation, 1941-1945p. 125
The Holocaust in Latviap. 127
Overviewp. 128
Ghettos, 1941-1943p. 131
Righteous Gentiles: The Saviorsp. 138
Comments by the Editorp. 141
Soviet Occupation, 1944-1991p. 145
"Economic Crimes"p. 147
State Anti-Semitismp. 149
Troubles After Stalinp. 152
Latvia Regains its Independencep. 155
Jewish Religious Communities; Jewish Mentalityp. 159
Famous Rabbisp. 159
Jewish Mentalityp. 162
Judaism and Christianityp. 164
Relations Between Latvians and Jewsp. 165
Latvian Jewry: Past and Futurep. 167
Comments on "The Jews of Latvia 1919-1940"p. 169
"The Jews of Latvia 1919-1940"p. 179
Populationp. 179
Jewish Religious Communitiesp. 181
Family Lifep. 182
Criminalityp. 183
Languagesp. 184
Attitude Toward War; Toward the United Statesp. 186
Underground Movementp. 186
Groups-in-Exilep. 187
Citizenshipp. 187
Civil Servicep. 187
Taxesp. 188
Minority Rightsp. 188
Government Departments for Jewish Affairsp. 189
Occupational Structurep. 189
The Judiciaryp. 190
Industryp. 190
Commercep. 192
Employment; Wagesp. 195
Labor Unionsp. 196
The Pressp. 196
Health Servicesp. 197
Mortalityp. 199
Housingp. 201
Educationp. 201
Welfare Institutionsp. 206
History of Anti-Semitismp. 206
Attitude of Government--Before 1934p. 209
Extra-Legal Discriminationp. 210
Acquisition of Real Estatep. 210
Reconstruction Agenciesp. 212
Bibliographyp. 213
Indexp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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