The European Productivity Agency and transatlantic relations, 1953-1961 /
Bent Boel.
Copenhagen : Museum Tusculanum Press/University of Copenhagen, 2003.
294 p. ; 25 cm.
More Details
Copenhagen : Museum Tusculanum Press/University of Copenhagen, 2003.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references (p. 261-283).
A Look Inside
This item was reviewed in:
Reference & Research Book News, August 2003
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Main Description
The EPA was created in 1953 as a semi-autonomous organisation within the framework of the Organisation for European Economic Co-Operation and wound up eight years later, in 1961, when the US and Canada joined the OEEC countries and founded the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. The EPA was the product of American ideas, actions and money. It embodied the merger of two main US foreign policy goals after World War II, increasing productivity and furthering integration among the countries of Western Europe. The agency was conceived as a major instrument for the 'politics of productivity' which would enable Western European societies to overcome their social and political problems resulting from scarcity, particularly in countries such as France. During its short-lived existence the EPA acted as an operational arm of the OEEC, accounting on average for over 40 percent of the overall OEEC expenditures. It implemented a vast array of activities aimed at improving productivity in industry, commerce, agriculture and distribution. Many of its projects met with contrasted reactions and thus highlighted conflicts between trade unions and employers, differences amongst the OEEC countries as well as transatlantic squabbles. The EPA was designed as a means to 'Americanise' Western Europe through the transfer of American techniques, know-how and ideas to the Old Continent. It increasingly became a framework within which the member countries sought 'European' solutions to their problems. This study sheds new light on the nature of European co-operation and transatlantic relations in the I950s as well as on the changes these relations underwent. Bent Boel, is Assistant Professor, Department of Languages and Intercultural Studies, University of Aalborg.
Unpaid Annotation
This study of the EPA sheds new light on the nature of European cooperation and transatlantic relations in the 1950s as well as on the changes these relations underwent during the early postwar period.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgmentsp. 7
Introductionp. 9
Aimsp. 9
Historiographic Introductionp. 11
Sourcesp. 20
American Technical Assistance to Western Europe, 1948-53p. 21
American Initiativesp. 21
European Policiesp. 35
The Moody Negotiationsp. 39
Europeanization of the Productivity Drive: Creation of the EPAp. 42
Conclusionp. 58
A Short History of the EPA, 1953-61p. 61
A Chaotic Start (1953-54)p. 61
The EPA Back on Track (1954-56)p. 64
The Swiss Crisis (1956-57)p. 68
In Search of a Role (1958-60)p. 73
The Winding Up of the EPA (1960-61)p. 81
Conclusionp. 92
An Operational Agency of the OEECp. 93
An Operational Bodyp. 93
A Branch of the OEECp. 96
Working Proceduresp. 105
Administrationp. 108
Conclusionp. 114
An American AID Agencyp. 115
The US and the Financial Resources of the EPAp. 115
The US and the EPA's Programp. 123
Conclusionp. 133
A European Federatorp. 135
The National Productivity Centersp. 136
Clash of Visions: Leader or Clearing House?p. 139
The Amended Constitution of the EPA: An Illusory Compromisep. 142
The Battle Goes Onp. 145
Conclusionp. 147
A Tripartite Organization?p. 149
America's Labor Policy in the 1950s and the EPAp. 149
The Advisory Boardp. 154
"Dividing the Cake" Between Labor and Managementp. 161
Labor and the EPA's Trade Union Policyp. 165
The EPA's Trade Union Activitiesp. 173
Impact of the EPA's Activitiesp. 180
Conclusionp. 183
The EPA and Management Educationp. 185
The EPA and Development AID: The Pilot Area in Sardiniap. 199
The EPA's Assistance to Areas in the Process of Economic Developmentp. 199
Origins of the Sardinian Pilot Projectp. 207
The Sardinian Pilot Project, 1957-62p. 208
Activitiesp. 214
Handicapsp. 217
Impact Outside the Pilot Areap. 218
Conclusionp. 219
Impact of the EPA's Activitiesp. 221
The Projectsp. 221
Assessing the Impactp. 226
The Countries' Perceptionsp. 233
Conclusionp. 246
Conclusionp. 249
List of Abbreviations and Acronymsp. 253
Bibliographyp. 261
Appendicesp. 285
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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