Catalogue


François Vallé and his world : Upper Louisiana before Lewis and Clark /
Carl J. Ekberg.
imprint
Columbia, MO : University of Missouri Press, c2002.
description
xvii, 316 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
ISBN
0826214185
format(s)
Book
Holdings
More Details
imprint
Columbia, MO : University of Missouri Press, c2002.
isbn
0826214185
catalogue key
4769669
 
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
About the Author
Author Affiliation
Carl J. Ekberg is Professor Emeritus of History at Illinois State University.
Full Text Reviews
Appeared in Choice on 2003-06-01:
Ekberg (emer., Illinois State Univ.) traces the fascinating life of Francois Valle, one of the earliest and most successful pioneers in upper Louisiana. The study reveals much about pre-Lewis and Clark civilization in the upper Mississippi Valley and advances understanding of the French and Spanish colonial regimes that governed the territory. Ekberg's research relies heavily on primary source documents deposited in archives in both the US and France, but his account is far from a dry recitation of administrative correspondence and parish registers. The writing style is lively and interspersed with frequent anecdotes certain to captivate the reader's imagination. The story faithfully traces Valle's career from his near penniless arrival in New France to his emergence as the leader of one of St. Genevieve's most prominent French Creole families, capturing all the excitement of life on the early Mississippi frontier. Ekberg does not forget the less fortunate, and his account stresses the relevance and tribulations of the region's Native peoples and even more so the slaves. The complexity of the narrative may render the book challenging for some undergraduate students, but it should be valuable for advanced classes and scholars, as well as for genealogists. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. S. C. Hyde Southeastern Louisiana University
Reviews
Review Quotes
"This valuable study will at long last rescue the Vallés from the shadows of the better-known Chouteaus of St. Louis and bring Ste. Genevieve's preeminent French Creole family the recognition it rightly deserves. François Vallé's story is remarkable. This book is characterized by a richness of detail that carries the reader into another time and place."-William E. Foley
"This valuable study will at long last rescue the Vall s from the shadows of the better-known Chouteaus of St. Louis and bring Ste. Genevieve's preeminent French Creole family the recognition it rightly deserves. Fran ois Vall 's story is remarkable. This book is characterized by a richness of detail that carries the reader into another time and place."-William E. Foley
This item was reviewed in:
Choice, June 2003
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Summaries
Main Description
In Fran ois Vall and His World, Carl Ekberg provides a fascinating biography of Fran ois Vall (1716–1783), placing him within the context of his place and time. Vall , who was born in Beauport, Canada, immigrated to Upper Louisiana (the Illinois Country) as a penniless common laborer sometime during the early 1740s. Engaged in agriculture, lead mining, and the Indian trade, he ultimately became the wealthiest and most powerful individual in Upper Louisiana, although he never learned to read or write. Ekberg focuses on Upper Louisiana in colonial times, long before Lewis and Clark arrived in the Mississippi River valley and before American sovereignty had reached the eastern bank of the Mississippi. He vividly captures the ambience of life in the eighteenth-century frontier agricultural society that Vall inhabited, shedding new light on the French and Spanish colonial regimes in Louisiana and on the Mississippi River frontier before the Americans arrived. Based entirely on primary source documents-wills and testaments, parish registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials, and Spanish administrative correspondence-found in archives ranging from St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve to New Orleans and Seville, Fran ois Vall and His Worldtraces not only the life of Fran ois Vall and the lives of his immediate family members, but also the lives of his slaves. In doing so, it provides a portrait of Missouri’s very first black families, something that has never before been attempted. Ekberg also analyzes how the illiterate Vall became the richest person in all of Upper Louisiana, and how he rose in the sociopolitical hierarchy to become an important servant of the Spanish monarchy. Fran ois Vall and His Worldprovides a useful corrective to the fallacious notion that Missouri’s history began with the arrival of Lewis and Clark at the turn of the nineteenth century. Anyone with an interest in colonial history or the history of the Mississippi River valley will find this book of great value.
Main Description
In François Vallé and His World, Carl Ekberg provides a fascinating biography of François Vallé (17161783), placing him within the context of his place and time. Vallé, who was born in Beauport, Canada, immigrated to Upper Louisiana (the Illinois Country) as a penniless common laborer sometime during the early 1740s. Engaged in agriculture, lead mining, and the Indian trade, he ultimately became the wealthiest and most powerful individual in Upper Louisiana, although he never learned to read or write. Ekberg focuses on Upper Louisiana in colonial times, long before Lewis and Clark arrived in the Mississippi River valley and before American sovereignty had reached the eastern bank of the Mississippi. He vividly captures the ambience of life in the eighteenth-century frontier agricultural society that Vallé inhabited, shedding new light on the French and Spanish colonial regimes in Louisiana and on the Mississippi River frontier before the Americans arrived. Based entirely on primary source documents-wills and testaments, parish registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials, and Spanish administrative correspondence-found in archives ranging from St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve to New Orleans and Seville, François Vallé and His Worldtraces not only the life of François Vallé and the lives of his immediate family members, but also the lives of his slaves. In doing so, it provides a portrait of Missouri's very first black families, something that has never before been attempted. Ekberg also analyzes how the illiterate Vallé became the richest person in all of Upper Louisiana, and how he rose in the sociopolitical hierarchy to become an important servant of the Spanish monarchy. François Vallé and His Worldprovides a useful corrective to the fallacious notion that Missouri's history began with the arrival of Lewis and Clark at the turn of the nineteenth century. Anyone with an interest in colonial history or the history of the Mississippi River valley will find this book of great value.
Main Description
InFranÇois VallÉ and His World, Carl Ekberg provides a fascinating biography of FranÇois VallÉ (17161783), placing him within the context of his place and time. VallÉ, who was born in Beauport, Canada, immigrated to Upper Louisiana (the Illinois Country) as a penniless common laborer sometime during the early 1740s. Engaged in agriculture, lead mining, and the Indian trade, he ultimately became the wealthiest and most powerful individual in Upper Louisiana, although he never learned to read or write. Ekberg focuses on Upper Louisiana in colonial times, long before Lewis and Clark arrived in the Mississippi River valley and before American sovereignty had reached the eastern bank of the Mississippi. He vividly captures the ambience of life in the eighteenth-century frontier agricultural society that VallÉ inhabited, shedding new light on the French and Spanish colonial regimes in Louisiana and on the Mississippi River frontier before the Americans arrived. Based entirely on primary source documents-wills and testaments, parish registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials, and Spanish administrative correspondence-found in archives ranging from St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve to New Orleans and Seville,FranÇois VallÉ and His Worldtraces not only the life of FranÇois VallÉ and the lives of his immediate family members, but also the lives of his slaves. In doing so, it provides a portrait of Missouri's very first black families, something that has never before been attempted. Ekberg also analyzes how the illiterate VallÉ became the richest person in all of Upper Louisiana, and how he rose in the sociopolitical hierarchy to become an important servant of the Spanish monarchy. FranÇois VallÉ and His Worldprovides a useful corrective to the fallacious notion that Missouri's history began with the arrival of Lewis and Clark at the turn of the nineteenth century. Anyone with an interest in colonial history or the history of the Mississippi River valley will find this book of great value.
Unpaid Annotation
In Francois Valle and His World, Carl Ekberg provides a fascinating biography of Francois Valle (1716-1783), placing him within the context of his place and time. Valle, who was born in Beauport, Canada, immigrated to Upper Louisiana (the Illinois Country) as a penniless common laborer sometime during the early 1740s. Engaged in agriculture, lead mining, and the Indian trade, he ultimately became the wealthiest and most powerful individual in Upper Louisiana, although he never learned to read or write.Ekberg focuses on Upper Louisiana in colonial times, long before Lewis and Clark arrived in the Mississippi River valley and before American sovereignty had reached the eastern bank of the Mississippi. He vividly captures the ambience of life in the eighteenth-century frontier agricultural society that Valle inhabited, shedding new light on the French and Spanish colonial regimes in Louisiana and on the Mississippi River frontier before the Americans arrived.Based entirely on primary source documents -- wills and testaments, parish registers of baptisms, marriages, and burials, and Spanish administrative correspondence -- found in archives ranging from St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve to New Orleans and Seville, Francois Valle and His World traces not only the life of Francois Valle and the lives of his immediate family members, but also the lives of his slaves. In doing so, it provides a portrait of Missouri's very first black families, something that has never before been attempted. Ekberg also analyzes how the illiterate Valle became the richest person in all of Upper Louisiana, and how he rose in the sociopolitical hierarchy to become an important servant of the Spanishmonarchy.Francois Valle and His World provides a useful corrective to the fallacious notion that Missouri's history began with the arrival of Lewis and Clark at the turn of the nineteenth century. Anyone with an interest in colonial h
Table of Contents
Illustrationsp. x
Maps and Plans, Tables, and Genealogical Chartsp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Beginningsp. 20
The Old Town of Ste. Genevievep. 44
Ascent to Powerp. 93
The Valle Householdp. 117
Missouri's Original Black Familiesp. 158
Pillar of the Spanish Regimep. 203
Wealth, Death, and Eternityp. 240
Conclusionp. 283
Appendixp. 297
Indexp. 301
Illustrations
Valle coat of arms
Title page of Spanish census, 1766p. 49
Eighteenth-century parish churchp. 85
Governor Alejandro O'Reillyp. 103
Officers in Ste. Genevieve militia, 1780p. 106
Francois Valle's official titlesp. 107
Slave baptismal recordp. 176
Slave marriage recordp. 189
Receipt for Spanish payrollp. 207
A Spanish piece-of-eightp. 208
Lieutenant Governor Francisco Cruzatp. 210
Governor Bernardo de Galvezp. 235
Signatures on 1776 Valle willp. 252
Black walnut armoirep. 265
Valle sterling silver candlesticksp. 270
Eighteenth-century household implementsp. 272
Maps and Plans
Eastern North America, circa 1770p. 38
Philip Pittman's Plan of Kaskaskia, 1766p. 59
Center of Old Town of Ste. Genevieve, 1780p. 62
Tables
1766 Spanish Census of Ste. Genevievep. 50
1772 Spanish Census of Ste. Genevievep. 54
1779 Spanish Census of Ste. Genevievep. 55
Origins of the Men in Ste. Genevieve's Militiap. 57
Occupations of the Men in Ste. Genevieve's Militiap. 58
Parish Fees in the Illinois Countryp. 86
Genealogical Charts
Partial Valle Genealogyp. 122
Valle Slave Couples and Their Childrenp. 169
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

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