The workers' health fund in Eretz Israel : Kupat Holim, 1911-1937 /
Shifra Shvarts.
Rochester, NY : University of Rochester Press, 2002.
xvi, 340 p. : ill.
More Details
Rochester, NY : University of Rochester Press, 2002.
catalogue key
Includes bibliographical references and index.
A Look Inside
Bowker Data Service Summary
The history of Kupat Holim, the health organization of workers in Israel begin in 1911. This book describes the growth of Kupat Holim up to the point where it was transformed into a central health organization in Israel.
Main Description
The history of Kupat Holim, the health organization of workers in Israel, began at the 2nd Convention of Jewish agricultural workers in Judea in December 1911. Due to the lack of health services within the economic means of the workers, and the refusal of the farmer-employers to extend health services to their employees, the Jewish agricultural workers in Eretz-Israel -- at that time, a distant province of the far-flung Ottoman empire -- decided to establish a workers' health fund (kupat holim in Hebrew). In the years 1912-15, two funds similar to the ones in Judea were also established in the north and center of the country. In the first years, the health funds did not provide workers with medical assistance on their own. Only in 1913, with the outbreak of the First World War, were the health funds transformed from insuring organizations into ones that provided medical assistance services themselves. With the establishment of the General Federation of Labor (1920), the health funds were amalgamated into a single organization -- the Federation's Kupat Holim (1921). The unification of Kupat Holim ultimately determined the organization's future -- transforming it from a small, local, temporary body with a few dozen members into a national entity and a key factor in health services in Israel to this day. This volume seeks to describe the growth of Kupat Holim up to the point where it was transformed into a central health organization in Israel; its relationship with its parent-organization, the General Federation of Labor and its rivalry with its competitor in the health field, Hadassah; its evolution from an organization solely for laborers to one open to all; the efforts on the part of Kupat Holim during the British Mandate (1918-1948) to bring about legislation for a compulsory health insurance law; and the formulation of the basic principle that underlie the work of Kupit Holim to this day--the principle of national and social responsibility for the provision of equal health services to all.
Unpaid Annotation
The first study to research the history of the health funds established by Jewish laborers in Israel.
Table of Contents
Map of Eretz Israel (Palestine) 1914
Note on Sources
Introduction: Kupat Holim Then and Nowp. 1
Health Services in Eretz Israel (Palestine) in the Nineteenth centuryp. 7
The Workers' Health Fund: Ideology and Beginnings, 1903-1914p. 20
The Workers' Health Funds in the First World Warp. 55
The Health System Under British Military Governmentp. 70
The General Health Fund of Workers in Israel: Kupat Holimp. 93
According to Needs or According to Ability: Kupat Holim, 1924-1930p. 113
Confrontation and Cooperation Between Kupat Holim and Hadassah, 1920-1930p. 177
The Emek (Jezreel Valley) Hospitalp. 202
Kupat Holim and the British Mandate Governmentp. 225
Kupat Holim and the Federation of Labor: Reciprocal Membership and the Joint Duesp. 249
Epilogue: Summary and Conclusionsp. 291
Notesp. 301
Glossaryp. 319
Works Citedp. 327
Indexp. 331
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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